16:1-36. Events in Wilderness of Sin.

k  n  2-3. Murmuring of people.
     o  4,5. Promise of Yahaveh made.
      p  6-8. Promise repeated by Moses.
      p  9,10. Promise fulfilled through Moses.
     o  11-31. Promise of Yahaveh fulfilled.
    n  32-36. Memorial of Yahaveh.

15th Ziph - 1491 B.C.

Exodus 16)

1 And they took their journey (the Egyptian kings of the 12th dynasty worked copper and turquoise mines in the peninsula of Sinai. Afterward disused until 18th dynasty. Old roads left. See Num.33:1) from Elim, and all the congregation of the sons of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin (= a bush), which is between Elim and Sinai (= Bush of Yahaveh. Sinai mentioned 31 times in Pentateuch, only 4 times in rest of Old Testament; in N.T. 4 times), on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.
2 And the whole congregation of the sons of Israel murmured (murmurings mentioned 8 times in these verses: 2,7,7,8,8,8,9,12) against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:
3 And the sons of Israel said to them, "Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread (put for foods of all kind, not water, because of 15:17) to the full; for you all have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger."

4 Then said the Lord to Moses, "Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the People shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in My law, or not.
5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily."

6 And Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, "At evening, then you all shall know that Yahaveh has brought you out from the land of Egypt:
7 And in the morning, then you all shall see the glory of the Lord; for that he hears your murmurings against the Lord: and what are we, that you all murmur against us?"
8 And Moses said, "This shall be, when the Lord shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the Lord hears your murmurings which you all murmur against Him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the Lord."

(Not a healthy thing to do, i.e. murmuring against God.)

9 And Moses spoke to Aaron, "Say to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, 'Come near before the Lord: for He has heard your murmurings.' "
10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.

11-31. Promise of Yahaveh fulfilled.

o  q  11,12. Promise of Yahaveh.
    r  13,14. Giving of the food.
     s  15. Name: "Manna."
   q  16-. Command of Yahaveh.
    r  -16-30. Gathering of the food.
     s  31. Name: "Manna."

11 And the the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
12 "I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel: speak to them, saying, 'At evening you all shall eat flesh, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and you all shall know that I am the Lord your God.' "

13 And it came to pass, that at evening the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the camp.
14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round (= a thin flaky) thing, as thin as the hoar (= white) frost on the ground.

15 And when the sons of Israel saw it, they said one to another, "It is manna":

(Heb. man-hu = "What is that?")

for they knew not what it that was. And Moses said to them, "This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat.

(From the Book of Psalms we find out this is angels food. It sustains both. God has more manna, i.e. spiritual food, for His elect in the end times.)

16 This is the thing which the Lord has commanded,

16-30. The Gathering of the Food.

r  t  -16. Directions (Positive).
    u  17,18. Obedience.
   t 19. Directions (Negative).
    u  20-22. Disobedience.
   t  23. Directions (Sabbath).
    u  24. Obedience.
   t4  25,26. Directions (Sabbath).
    u4  27-30. Disobedience.

Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer (a heap, aprox. 1 Gal.) for every man, according to the number of your persons (= souls); take you all every man for them which are in his tents."

17 And the sons of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.
18 And when they did measure it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.

19 And Moses said, "Let no man leave of it till the morning."

20 Notwithstanding they did not listen to Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them.
21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

1th Ziph

22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

23 And he said to them, "This is that which the Lord has said, 'Tomorrow is the rest of the holy sabbath (= a sabbath of sabbaths) to the Lord (occ. 7 times. 4 times of the weekly sabbath-Ex. 16:23; 31:15; 3:2. Lev. 23:2. 2 times of the Day of Atonement-Lev. 16:31; 23:32. Once on the sabbath of years-Lev. 25:4): bake that which you all will bake today, and seethe that you all will seethe; and that which remains over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.' "

24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

25 And Moses said, "Eat that today; for to day is a sabbath to the Lord: today you all shall not find it in the field.
26 Six days you all shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none."

20th Ziph. 6th Sabbath.

27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the People on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.
28 And the Lord said to Moses, "How long refuse all you to keep My commandments and My laws?
29 See, for that the Lord has given you the sabbath, therefore He gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide you all every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day."
30 So the People rested on the seventh day.

31 And the house of Israel (First occ. The Massorah contains a list of all the occ. of this expression. There are 14 occ. of this expression before the division of the Nation into two kingdoms. "The house of Judah" also occ. 4 times. See its first occ. 2 Sam. See 1 Kings 12:172:4) called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like a flat cake made with honey. (7 characteristics: Small=thin, v.14 [Anti-type, Phil. 2:6-8]. Round = flaky, v.14. White, v.31. Sweet, v.31 [Ps.119:103. Jer. 15:16]. Hard, Num. 11:8. Melted, Num. 14:9. From heaven [daily], v.13. See Matt. 6:11)

32-36. Memorial to Yahaveh.

32 And Moses said, "This is the thing which the Lord commands, 'Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.' "
33 And Moses said to Aaron, "Take one pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the Lord, to be kept for your generations."
34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony (= the Ark. Fig. The prior mention of a subsequent event. The Ark not yet made), to be kept.
35 And the sons of Israel did eat manna forty years (Fig. Epibole), until they came to a land inhabited (Given on the 5-6th of May 1451 B.C. = 39 years 11 months. See Josh.5:12); they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.
36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah (aprox. 8 1/2 gal.).

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