1: And these are the countries which the sons of Israel inherited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest (now acts with Joshua, because the Land is to be divided by lot; and he alone has the lot, i.e the Urim and Thummim by which the lots were drawn from the bag behind the breastplate. See Ex. 28:30. Num. 26:55), and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the sons of Israel, distributed for inheritance to them.
2: By lot was their inheritance, according as the Lord commanded by the hand of Moses, for (some codices read, "to be given to") the nine tribes, and for the half tribe.
3: For Moses had given the inheritance of two tribes and an half tribe on the other side Jordan: but to the Levites he gave none inheritance among them.
4: For the sons of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore they gave no part to the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in, with their suburbs for their cattle and for their substance.
5: According as the Lord commanded Moses (cp. Num. 35:2. Josh. 14:2-5), so the sons of Israel did, and they divided by lot the land.
E² H¹ 14:6–15:63. Judah. H² 16:1–17:18. Joseph.
H¹ e¹ 14:6-. The Tribe. d 14:-6-15. Caleb. e² 15:1-2. The Tribe. d 15:13-19. Caleb. e³ 15:20-63. The Tribe.
6: Then the sons of Judah (= praised, celebrated) came to Joshua (= savior, or who's help is Yahaveh) in Gilgal (= a wheel; rolling): and Caleb (= capable) the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said to him,
“You know the thing that the Lord said to Moses the man of God concerning me and concerning you in Kadesh-barnea (= holy desert of wanderings).
7: Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Kadesh-barnea to espy out the land; and I brought him word again according as it was with my heart (i.e. "in accordance with my heart").
8: Nevertheless my brethren that went up with me made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly followed the Lord my God.
9: And Moses swore on that day (cp. Deut. 1:34,36 [cp. Judg. 1:20]), saying, ‘Surely the land whereon your feet have trodden shall be your inheritance, and your children's for ever, because you have wholly followed the Lord my God.’
10: And now, behold, the Lord has kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five years, even since the Lord spoke this word to Moses, while the sons of Israel wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old.
11: As yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, both to go out, and to come in.
12: Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the Lord spoke in that day; for you heard in that day how the Anakims were there (see Num. 13:22. Deut. 1:28. Gen. 6:2,4), and that the cities were great and fenced: if so be the Lord will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, according as the Lord said.”
13: And Joshua blessed him, and gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.
14: Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite to this day (cp. 21:12), because that he wholly followed the Lord God) of Israel.
15: And the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba (= the city of four. Arba was the great man among the Anakims. See Gen. 6:2,4. Heb. "city of Arba, he was the greatest man", &c.); which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war (during the first Sabbatic year).