1444-1443 B.C.

Joshua 15)

1: This then was the lot (see 14:1) of the tribe of the sons of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin (= flat) southward was the uttermost part of the south boundary.
2: And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looks southward:
3: And it went out to the south side to Maaleh-acrabbim (= ascent of the scorpions), and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side to Kadesh-barnea (= holy desert of wandering), and passed along to Hezron (= surrounded by a wall), and went up to Adar (= high), and fetched a compass (English idiom. Heb. turned about. Cp. Acts 28:13) to Karkaa (= foundation):
4: From that place it passed toward Azmon (= strong), and went out to the river of Egypt; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south boundry.
5: And the east border was the salt sea, even to the end of Jordan (= the descender). And their border in the north quarter was from the bay (= tongue) of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan:
6: And the border went up to Beth-hogla (= partridge-house), and passed along by the north of Beth-arabah(= house of the desert); and the border went up to the stone of Bohan (= thumb) the son of Reuben:
7: And the border went up toward Debir (= a sanctuary) from the valley of Achor (= trouble), and so northward, looking toward Gilgal (= a wheel; rolling), that is before the going up to Adummim (= the going up to), which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of En-shemesh (= fountain of the sun), and the goings out thereof were at En-rogel (= fount of the fuller):
8: And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom (= lamentation) to the south side of the Jebusite (= threshing floor); the same is Jerusalem (= the habitation of peace): and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lies before the valley of sons Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants (= the Rephaim, see 12:4) northward:
9: And the border was drawn from the top of the hill to the fountain of the water of Nephtoah (= opening), and went out to the cities of mount Ephron (= fawn-like); and the border was drawn to Baalah (= mistress), which is Kirjath-jearim (= the city of forests):
10: And the border compassed from Baalah westward to mount Seir (= hairy, shaggy), and passed along to the side of mount Jearim (= forests), which is Chesalon (= hopes), on the north side, and went down to Beth-shemesh (= house of the sun), and passed on to Timnah (= portion):
11: And the border went out to the side (or slope, or shoulder) of Ekron (= torn up by the roots; emigration) northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron (= drunkenness), and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out to Jabneel (= building of El [God]); and the goings out of the border were at the sea.
12: And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the sons of Judah round about according to their families.

13: And to Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the sons of Judah, according to the commandment of the Lord to Joshua, even the city of Arba (= city of the four, see 14:15) the father of Anak, which city is Hebron (= alliance).
14: And Caleb drove from that place the three sons of Anak (cp. Judg. 1:10. It seems that some evidently returned and repossessed it), Sheshai (= noble), and Ahiman (= brother of the right hand), and Talmai (= bold), the sons of Anak.
15: And he went up from that place to the inhabitants of Debir (= Place of the Oracle): and the name of Debir before was Kirjath-sepher (= Book Town).
16: And Caleb said, “He that smites Kirjath-sepher, and takes it, to him will I give Achsah (= ankle-chain, anklet) my daughter to wife.”
17: And Othniel (= lion of El) the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.
18: And it came to pass, as she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted off her ass (cp. Gen. 24:64. 1 Sam. 25:23); and Caleb said to her, “What would you?” (Lit. "What to you?" = What ails you?")
19: Who answered, “Give me a blessing (= a present. Cp. Judg. 1:1. 1 Sam. 25:27); for you have given me a south land; give me also springs of water” (i.e. land containing them). And Caleb gave her the upper springs, and the nether (= under; lower) springs.

20: This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Judah according to their families.
21: And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the sons of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel (= gathered by El), and Eder (= a flock), and Jagur (= lodging),
22: And Kinah (= lamentation), and Dimonah (= pining), and Adadah (= festival or boundary),
23: And Kedesh (= a sanctuary), and Hazor (= castle), and Ithnan (= given),
24: AndZiph (= battlement), and Telem (= oppression), and Bealoth (= ladiees),
25: And Hazor (= castle), Hadattah (= new), and Kerioth (= blue), and Hezron (= surrounded by a wall), which is Hazor,
26: And Amam (= gathering place), and Shema (= the rumor), and Moladah (= birth, race),
27: And Hazar-gaddah (= village of fortune), and Heshmon (= rich soil), and Beth-palet (= house of flight),
28: And Hazar-shual (= village of jackals), and Beer-sheba (= well of the oath), and Bizjothjah (= contempt of Yehovah),
29: And Baalah (= mistress), and Iim (= ruins), and Azem (= bone),
30: And Eltolad (= El's [God's] kindred), and Chesil (= idolatrous), and Hormah (= a place laid waste),
31: And Ziklag (= winding), and Madmannah (= dunghill), and Sansannah (= palm branch),
32: And Lebaoth (= lioness), and Shilhim (= fountains), and En-Rimmon (= fount of the pmegranate): all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages:
33: And in the valley, Eshtaol (= a pass), and Zoreah (= hornet), and Ashnah (= old),
34: And Zanoah (= marsh), and En-gannim (= fountain of the garden), Tappuah (= the apple city), and Enam (= double spring),
35: And Jarmuth (= high), and Adullam (= justice of the people), Socoh (= bushy), and Azekah (= dug over),
36: And Sharaim (= two gates), and Adithaim (= double ornament), and Gederah (= a sheepfold), and Gederothaim (= two sheepfolds); fourteen cities with their villages:
37: Zenan (= pointed), and Hadashah (= new), and Migdal-gad (= tower of a troop),
38: And Dilean (= gourd), and Mizpeh (= a watch-tower), and Joktheel (= subdued by El [God]),
39: And Lachish (= invincible), and Bozkath (= rocky heigth), and Eglon (= calf-like),
40: And Cabbon (= to heap up; hilly), and Lahmam (= provisions), and Kithlish (= man's wall),
41: And Gederoth (= sheepfolds), Beth-dagon (house of a fish), and Naamah (= loveliness), and Makkedah (= place of shepherds); sixteen cities with their villages:
42: Libnah (= whiteness), and Ether (= abundance), and Ashan (= smoke),
43: And Jiphtah (= who Yah sets free), and Ashnah (= old), and Nezib (= garrison, pillar),
44: And Keilah (= fortress), and Achzib (= lying, false), and Mareshah (= crest of a hill); nine cities with their villages:
45: Ekron (= torn up by the roots; emigration), with her towns and her villages:
46: And from Ekron even to the sea, all that lay near Ashdod (= a stronghold), with their villages:
47: Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaza with her towns and her villages, to the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:
48: And in the hill country, Shamir (= a point or thorn), and Jattir (= pre-eminent), and Socoh (= bushy),
49: And Dannah (= ? of uncertain derivative), and Kirjath-sannah, which is Debir,
50: And Anab (= grape-town), and Eshtemoh (= obedience), and Anim (= fountains),
51: And Goshen (= ? prob Egyptian word), and Holon (= sandy), and Giloh (= exile); eleven cities with their villages:
52: Arab (= ambush), and Dumah (= silence), and Eshean (= slope),
53: And Janum (= slumber), and Beth-tappuah (house of apples), and Aphekah (= strong place),
54: And Humtah (= place of lizards), and Kirjath-arba (= the city of the four. Cp.14:15 and 15:13), which is Hebron (= aliance), and Zior (= smallness); nine cities with their villages:
55: Maon (= habitation), Carmel (= fruitful place or park), and Ziph (= battlement), and Juttah (= stretched out),
56: And Jezreel (= seed of El [God]), and Jokdeam (= possessed by the people), and Zanoah (= marsh),
57: And Cain (= possession), Gibeah (= a hill), and Timnah (= portion); ten cities with their villages:
58: Halhul (= trembling), Beth-zur (= house of rock), and Gedor (= a wall),
59: And Maarath (= bareness), and Beth-anoth (= house of echo), and Eltekon (= El [God] its foundation); six cities with their villages:
60: Kirjath-baal (= the city of lord), which is Kirjath-jearim (= the city of forests), and Rabbah (= great); two cities with their villages:
61: In the wilderness, Beth-arabah (= house of the desert), Middin (= measures), and Secacah (= thicket), 62: And Nibshan (= soft soil), and the city of Salt, and En-gedi (fount of the kid); six cities with their villages.
63: As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the sons of Judah could not drive them out (cp. Judg.1:8. Caleb succeeded at Hebron. Not until David's day was ths thoroughly accomplished [2 Sam. 5:3,6,7): but the Jebusites dwell with the sons of Judah at Jerusalem to this day.

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