Y1 e1 1-15. Particular. e2 16,17. General.
e1 f1 1-8. Passover. f2 9-12. Weeks. f3 13-15. Tabernacles.
f1 g 1. The feast. Ordinance. h i 2. The chosen place (positive). k 3,4. The manner. h i 5,6. The chosen place (negative). k 7. The manner. g 8. The feast. Ordinance.
1: Observe (cp. Ex. 13:3,4. Lev. 23:5,6. Num. 28:16) the month of Abib (is Egyptian and means "green ears". Cp. Ex. 9:31. Lev. 2:14. Not found again after this passage. "Nissan" substituted for it), and keep the passover to the Lord your God: for in the month of Abib (our March 20th-April 20th) the Lord your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.
2: You shall therefore sacrifice the passover to the Lord your God (this to be done (observed) EVERY April 3-4th in our day. Christ became our passover), of the flock and the herd, in the place which the Lord shall choose to place his name there.
3: You shall eat no leavened bread with it (today it is no false doctrine, or teaching); seven days shall you eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for you came forth out of the land of Egypt in haste (not the reason given in Ex.12:17 for the Exodus. But here the reason why the bread was unleavened. There was no time for it to "rise" by fermentation): that you may remember the day when you came forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life.
4: And there shall be no fermented bread seen with you in all your borders seven days (cp. Ex. 13:7; 12:18-20); neither shall there anything of the flesh, which you sacrifice the first day at evening, remain all night until the morning.
5: You may not sacrifice the passover within any of your cities, which the Lord your God gives you:
6: But at the place which the Lord your God shall choose to place His name in, there you shall sacrifice the passover at evening, at the going down of the sun, at the season that you came forth out of Egypt.
7: And you shall roast and eat it in the place which the Lord your shall choose: and you shall turn in the morning, and go to your tents.
8: Six days you shall eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day (our April 10-11th. Cp. Ex. 12:16; 13:6) shall be a solemn assembly to the Lord your God: you shall do no work therein.
f2 l n 9. Command. "You shall remember". o 10-. Feast. "You shall keep". m -10. Offering of gift. "You shall give". m 11. Offering of praise. "You shall rejoice". l n 12-. Command. "You shall remember". o -12. Feast. "You shall observe".
9: Seven weeks shall you number to you: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as you begin to put the sickle to the corn (Pentecost. May 23-24th).
10: And you shall keep the feast of weeks to the Lord your God with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand,
which you shall give to the Lord your God, according as the Lord your God has blessed you:
11: And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite that is within your gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the Lord your God has chosen to place His name there.
12: And you shall remember that you were a bondman in Egypt:
and you shall observe and do these statutes.
f2 p q 13-. The feast. Seven days. r -13. Time. s 14. Rejoicing. Command. p q 15-. The feast. Seven days. r -15-. Place. s -15. Rejoicing. Reason.
13: You shall observe the feast of tabernacles seven days (Sept. 28-29th through 5-6th Oct.),
after that you have gathered in your threshing floor and your wine press (i.e. what is produced in them):
14: And you shalt rejoice in your feast, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within your gates.
15: Seven days shall you keep a solemn feast to the Lord your God
in the place which the Lord shall choose:
because the Lord your God shall bless you in all your increase, and in all the works of your hands, therefore you shall surely rejoice.
16: Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the Lord your God in the place which He shall choose (see Ex.23:15,17); in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the Lord empty:
17: Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the Lord your God which He has given you.
v A 16:18-20. Judges. Appointment. B 16:21,22. Illegal acts. B 17:1. Illegal offerings. A 17:2-13. Judges. Duties.
18: Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the Lord your God gives you, throughout your tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.
19: You shall not wrest judgment (= turn away); you shall not respect persons, neither take a gift (= bribe): for a bribe does blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.
20: That which is altogether just shall you follow, that you may live, and inherit the land which the Lord your God gives you.
21: You shall not plant you a grove of any trees (= 'ashęrah, something set upright or erect in the ground and worshiped. Here in the fem. gender) near to the altar of the Lord your God, which you shall make you.
22: Neither shall you set you up any pillar; which the Lord your God hates.