1452 B.C.

Deuteronomy 17)

1: You shall not sacrifice to the Lord your God any bullock, or sheep, wherein is blemish, or any evilfavouredness: for that is an abomination to the Lord your God.

17:2-13. Judges. Duties.

A  t  2-7-. Law. Simple cases.
    u  -7. Intention. Removal of evil.
   t  8-12. Law. Difficult cases.
    u  13. Intention. Removal of evil.

2-7. Law. Simple Cases.

t  v  w  2-. Criminals.
       x  -2,3. Crime. Commission.
        y  4. Proof.
   v  w  5-. Criminals.
       x  -5. Crime. Punishment.
        y  6,7-. Proof.

2: If there be found among you, within any of your gates which the Lord your God you, man or woman,

that has wrought wickedness in the sight of the Lord your God, in transgressing His covenant (Heb. Ďabar, to pass beyond, transgress),
3: And has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded (equally authoritative in matter of faith and worship today);

4: And it be told you, and you have heard of it, and inquired diligently, and, behold, it is true, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought in Israel:

5: Then shall you bring forth that man or that woman,

which have committed that wicked thing, to your gates, even that man or that woman, and shall stone them with stones, till they die.

6: At the mouth (Fig., put for the witness borne by it) of two witnesses (cp. Num. 35:30, and see Matt. 18:16. 2 Cor. 13:1. 1 Tim. 5:19), or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death.
7: The hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people.

So you shall put the wicked away from among you (= to burn up the wicked thing in order to clear out. See 13:5).

8-12. Law. Difficult Cases.

t  a  8-. Cases. Difficult.
    b  -8-11. Process and sentence.
   a  12-. Cases. Presumptuous.
    b  -12,13. Punishment-Death.

8: If there arise a matter too hard for you in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, being matters of controversy within your gates:

then shall you arise, and get you up into the place which the Lord your God shall choose;
9: And you shall come to the priests the Levites (first occ. of this expression. Occ. 6 times in Deut. The expression refers to the Levitical priests as distinct from the Tribal priests [or Levies), and to the judge that shall be in those days, and inquire; and they shall show you the sentence of judgment:
(V. 10 is the middle verse of Deuteronomy) 10: And you shall do according to the sentence, which they of that place which the Lord shall choose shall show you; and you shall observe to do according to all that they inform you:
11: According to the sentence of the law which they shall teach you (this was the great duty of the priests. See 33:10. Lev. 10:11. Ezra 7:10. Jer. 18:18. Hag. 2:11,12. Mal. 2:7), and according to the judgment which they shall tell you, you shall do: you shall not decline from the sentence which they shall show you, to the right hand, nor to the left.

12: And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not listen to the priest that stands to minister there before the Lord your God, or to the judge,

even that man shall die: and you shall put away the evil from Israel.
13: And all the people shall hear, and fear, and do no more presumptuously.

14-20. The King.

w  c  14. If a king desired.
    d  15. Yahaveh's choice: his credentials.
     e  16,17. Commands (negative).
     e  18-. Command (positive).
    d  -18. Yahaveh's law: his study.
   c  19,20. The king desirable.

14: When you are come to the land which the Lord your God gives you, and shall possess it, and shall dwell therein, and shall say (a prophetic contingency provided for. Cp. Gen. 36:31), 'I will set a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me;'

15: You shall in any wise set him king over you, whom the Lord your shall choose: one from among your brethren shall you set king over you: you may not set a stranger over you, which is not your brother.

16: But he shall not multiply horses to himself (symbolical of power), nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the Lord has said to you, 'You all shall henceforth return no more that way.'
17: Neither shall he multiply wives to himself (cp. 1 Kings 11:1-3), that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

18: And it shall be, when he sits upon the throne of his kingdom,

that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites (see Ex. 17:14):

19: And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to revere (or love) the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them:
20: That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment (see 28:14. 2 Kings 22:2. Josh. 1:7; 23:6), to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

Next page