1 Therefore being justified (see 2:13) by faith (i.e. faith-principle. See 1:17), we have peace with God (Gr. Theos corresponds generally to Elohim, the Creator, of the O.T.) through our Lord (Gr. Kurios means owner used of Yahaveh) Jesus (Gr. Iesous is the same as Heb. Yahshua, and means Salvation of Yahaveh, or Yahaveh the Savior) Christ (Christ is the Greek translation of Messiah. Christos has the same meaning, from chrio, to anoint): (There's no other way. Peace of mind, you know how to deal with trouble, 1 Cor. 10:13)
2 By whom also we have had access (lit. the introduction. There is only one access, Christ. Looking forward to it with expectation, access to everyone when He ripped open the veil from top to bottom) by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
3 And not only so, but we rejoice also in the afflictions also (see Acts 7:10): knowing that afflictions works patience; (As Christians doing God's work. Endurance. Discipline See 2 Cor. 10:13)
4 And patience, experience (character, don't be a wimp); and experience, hope: (Cp. Tit. 2:13)
5 And hope (Divine expectation, unmerited favor) causes not shame; because the love of God is shed abroad (see Acts 1:18; 10:45) in our hearts (floods into your mind) by the Holy Spirit which was given to us.
6 For when we were yet without strength (weak without faith), in season Christ died for the ungodly. (Sinners)
7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: for peradventure for a good man one would even venture to die. (You wouldn't die for a crud.)
8 But God commends His love toward us (in this verse the subject of the sentence comes last, and reads "commends His own love toward us"), because, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. (He proved it. He wasn't lazy, no holds barred.)
9 Much more then, being now justified by His blood (made innocent), we shall be saved from wrath (see 1 Thess. 1:10) through Him. (Justifying you by Divine acquittal.)
10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of His Son (cp. 6:10. Gal. 2:19,20), much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. (When He rose from that tomb, He gave you life. We can't make it without that event.)
11 And not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
by whom we have now received the atonement. (At-one-ment. = reconciliation, a covering, restoration to favor.)
12 On account of this (having described the fruits of sin, the apostle now goes on to deal with the root), just as by one man sin entered into the world, and by means of sin, death; and so death passed through upon all men, because all have sinned: (i.e. in Adam, as representative. Adam slipped up and listened to Satan. Are you going to?)
A² N 5:12-21. Condemnation to death of the first man; through the sin of one man: but, a justifying unto life through the righteous act of one man, the Second Man. O 6:1-7:6. We are not in sin, because we died with Christ. 0 7:7-25. Sin is in us, though we have risen with Christ. N 8:1-39. No condemnation for the new man, to those who alive unto God in Christ Jesus, and in whom is, the new nature; because of condemnation of sin in the flesh [in Christ, the Second Man].
N P n 5:12. By one man's sin...death. o 5:13. Sin not imputed where no law. p 5:14-. The reign of death. q 5:-14. The type, Adam. Q 5:15. Not as by one sin, so the gracious gift. Q 5:16,17. Not as by one man, so the gracious gift. P n 5:18,19. By One Man's righteous act many nade righteous. o 5:20. Sin imputed when law came. p 5:21-. The reign of sin and death. q 5:-21. The Antitype, Jesus Christ our Lord.
13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed (not considered, not counted) when there being not law. (Sin was in the world before law was. If law isn't there, how do you know its sin?)
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the likeness of Adam's transgression,
who is the figure of The Coming One. (A well know Hebraism for the Messiah. See Matt. 11:3. Adam was a type as the federal head of a new-created race. Adam brought sin into the world; the blood of Christ brought freedom.)
15 But not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if by the offense of one many died, much more the grace of God, and the gift of grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. (Have you invited Him into your life? You as a single person can make a difference with your seed planting. Do you want charisma for you and your family?)
16 And not as by means of one having sinned is the free gift; for the judgment indeed of one [was] to condemnation; but the free gift is of many transgressions unto justification. (A righteous acquittal. God's going to do you right "if" you obey and listen to Him. The free gift brings forgiveness of sins. We all fall short. We all need forgiveness. We all need Him. We all need His gift.)
17 For if by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one (learn by others mistakes); much more they which receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life because of One, Jesus Christ.)
18 So then as by means of one [act of] transgression [sentence came] upon all men to condemnation; even so by One's righteousness act also the free gift came upon all men to justification (acquittal, innocent Acts 9:15,16. Paul was justified through Christ) issuing life.
19 For as by one man's disobedience the many were constituted sinners, so also by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous. (The obedience unto death of Phil. 2:8. This was the one righteous act of v.18)
20 Moreover the law entered (lit. came in beside), in order that the offense might multiply (to be seen as it grows). But where sin multiplied, grace super-abounded: (See 2 Cor. 7:4.)
21 That as sin reigned unto death,
so might grace also reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord. (See Rev. 15:1-4. Don't sin on purpose, that is unforgivable)