T1 T 1. Thanksgiving promised. U t 2-. David's cry to Yahaveh. u -2,3. The relief obtained. v 4. Songs of praise. V 5. Joy succeeds weeping. V 6,7. Prosperity precedes trouble. U t 8-10. David's cry to Yahaveh. u 11. The relief obtained. v 12-. Songs of praise. T -12. Thanksgiving promised.
(Used of most houses in Deut. 20:5. This house of David was not the temple. Cp 2 Sam. 7:1,2.)
1 I will extol You, O LORD; for You have lifted me up, (As out of a pit.)
And have not made my foes to rejoice over me.
2 O LORD my God,
I cried to You,
And You have healed me.
3 O LORD, You have brought up my soul from the grave:
You have kept me alive, that I should not go down to a sepulcher.
4 Sing praises to the LORD, O you favored ones (lit. men endued with grace. The natural man cannot do this [1 Cor. 2:14]) of His,
And give thanks at the remembrance of His holiness.
5 For a moment [is] His anger;
For a lifetime [is] His favor:
Weeping may lodge for a night,
But joy comes in the morning.
6 And in my prosperity I said,
"I shall never be moved." (Cp. 62:6.)
7 LORD, by Your favor You have made my mountain (i.e. Zion, which David had but recently taken [2 Sam. 5:7-10]) to stand strong:
You did hide Your face (probably refers to a sickness which followed), and I was troubled.
8 I cried to You, O LORD;
And to the LORD I made supplication.
9 What profit will there be in my soul, when I go down to destruction (or corruption)? (Cp. 16:10; 49:9. Jer. 2:4.)
Shall the dust praise You? shall it declare Your truth?
10 Hear, O LORD, and have mercy upon me:
LORD, be You my helper.
11 You have turned (denoting the act. See "girded" below) for me my mourning into dancing:
You have torn off my sackcloth, and girded (denoting the fact) me with gladness;
12 To the end that my glory (put for "myself", referring either to the tongue [108:1], or powers of mind which give the praise) may sing praise to You, and not be silent.
O LORD my God, I will give thanks to You for ever.
(Though written for a special occasion, Ps. 30 was handed over to the chief Musician for public use, and in connection with any other dedication.)