U  N  1. Messiah. Strong in Yahaveh's strength.  Yahaveh addressed.
    O  P  2-5. Yahaveh's dealing with the king.         "
        Q  d  6. His reward.  Reasons.                  "
            e  7. His merit.     "                      "
    O  P  8-10. The king's dealings with his enemies.  The king addressed.
        Q   e  11. Their guilt.  Reasons.                      "
           d  12. Their defeat.     "                          "
   N  13. Messiah. Strong in His own strength.                 "

(A Psalm pertaining to David.)

953 B.C.
Psalm 21)

1 The king shall joy in Your prevailing strength (see 20:2,6), O LORD (Yahaveh);
And in Your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!
2 You have given him his heart's desire,
And have not withheld the request of his lips. Selah. (Selah - Means to pause and meditate on what has just been said, then connect the thought with what is about to be said. Here connecting the reason [v.3] of the answer [v.2] with the prayer of 20:4; which by the Selah of 20:3, had been connected with the reason given there: i.e. atonement.)

3 For You come to meet (cp. with "set" in next clause) him with the blessings of goodness:
You set a crown (see Rev. 14:14, and cp. Matt. 8:20) of pure gold on his head.
4 He asked life (i.e. resurrection life. Cp. Isa. Heb. 2:10-18; 5:7) of You, and You gave it to him,
Even length of days for ever and ever.
5 His glory is great in Your salvation:
Honor and majesty have You laid upon him. (Cp. Rev. 5:13)

6 For You have made him most blessed for ever:
  You have made him exceeding glad with Your countenance.

7 For the king confides in the LORD,
And through the loving-kindness (or grace) of the Most High (Elyon) he shall not be moved.

8 Your hand shall find out all Your enemies:
Your right hand shall find out those that hate You.
9 You shall place them as in a fiery furnace of fire in the time of Your anger:
The LORD shall swallow them up in His wrath,
And the fire shall devour them.
10 Their fruit shall You destroy from the earth,
And their seed from among the sons of men.

11 For they intended evil against you:
They imagined a mischievous device, which they could not accomplish.

12 Therefore shall You make them turn their back,
When You shall make ready Your arrows upon your bow-strings against the face of them.

13 Be You exalted, LORD, in Your own strength:
So will we sing and praise Your power.

(To the chief Musician relating to the Day-dawn: David's coronation in 953 B.C.)

(Looking forward to the Day-dawn of Messiah's Coronation, which is the subject of the 21st Psalm, not Ps. 22. Cp. 2 Sam. 23:4; 2 Pet: 1:19. Cp. 139:9.)

The Day-Dawn.

   The meaning given both in A.V. and R.V. is "the hind of the morning".    The Jewish commentators, Rashi (A.D. 1040-1145, Troyes) and Kimchi (A.D. 1160-1232, Narbonne) render it "a hind fair as the morning". Luther rendered it "the hind early chased". The Targum has it "the morning sacrifice".

   The moment we regard it in the light of Psalm 21 instead of Psalm 22, a new field of inquiry presents itself.

   The expression is a Figure of speech common in the East, and frequently met with in Arabian poetry.

   It is used of the Day-Dawn, in which the beams of light from the rising sun are seen shooting up (like horns) above the horizon before the sun actually appears. It is used in Psalm 21 of the rays of Messiah's coming glory, and tells of the dawn of His approaching coronation which is the one great subject of Psalm 21. See the Structure and notes.

   It is the same DAY-DAWN that forms the theme of David's "last words". See the notes on 2Sam. 23:1-5 and Ps. 72, with the Structures and notes there; and compare 2Pet. 1:19.

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