c² g 1,2. The vow made. h 3-8. Observances during separation. g 9-12. Vow interrupted. h 13-21. Observances at close of separation.
1 And the Lord (Yahaveh) spoke to Moses, saying, (see 1:1)
2 "Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, 'When either man or woman (either could be a Nazarite) shall separate themselves to make a special vow of a Nazarite (= One separate, from Heb. nazīr, to separate. Cp. Gen. 49:26. Jud. 13:5,7. Lam. 4:7), to separate themselves to the Lord:
3 He shall separate himself from fermented wine and strong drink (very intoxicating drink made from barley, honey, or dates), and shall drink no vinegar of fermented wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any mashed grapes, nor eat fresh grapes, or dried.'
4 All the days of his Nazariteship shall he eat nothing that is made of the grape vine, from the kernels even to the husk.
5 All the days of the vow of his Nazariteship there shall no razor come upon his head: until the days be fulfilled, in the which he separates himself to the Lord, he shall be set apart (holy), and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow.
6 All the days that he separates himself to the Lord he shall come at no dead body (= no dead soul, Heb. nephesh. See Lev. 19:28).
7 He shall not make himself unclean for his father, or for his mother, for his brother, or for his sister, when they die: because the separation (or Nazariteship) of his God is upon his head.
8 All the days of his separation he is set apart to the Lord.
9 And if any man die very suddenly by him, and he has defiled the head of his separation; then he shall shave
his head in the day of his cleansing, on the seventh day shall he shave it.
10 And on the eighth day he shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons, to the priest, to the entrance of the tent of the congregation:
11 And the priest shall prepare the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, and make an atonement (see Ex. 29:33) for him, for that he sinned by the dead soul, and shall hallow his head that same day (i.e. by beginning anew the days of his vow, v.9, during which the hair must grow, as in v.5. For holy see Ex.3:5).
12 And he shall separate to the Lord the days of his Nazariteship, and shall bring a lamb of the first year for a trespass offering: but the days that were before shall be lost (Heb. fall, i.e. not be counted), because his Nazariteship was defiled.
13 And this is the law of the Nazarite, when the days of his Nazariteship are fulfilled: he shall be brought to the entrance of the tent of the congregation:
14 And he shall bring near his approach offering to the Lord, one he lamb of the first year without blemish for a burnt offering, and one ewe lamb of the first year without blemish for a sin offering, and one ram without blemish for peace offerings,
15 And a basket of unleavened bread, pierced cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, and wafers of unleavened bread anointed with oil, and their meal offering, and their drink offerings.
16 And the priest shall bring them before Yehovah, and shall offer his sin offering, and his burnt offering:
17 And he shall offer the ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord, with the basket of unleavened bread: the priest shall offer also his meal offering, and his drink offering.
18 And the Nazarite shall shave the head of his separation at the entrance of the tent of the congregation, and shall take the hair of the head of his separation, and put it in the fire which is under the sacrifice of the peace offerings (cp. Acts 21:26,27).
19 And the priest shall take the boiled shoulder of the ram, and one unleavened cake out of the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and shall put them upon the hands of the Nazarite, after the hair of his separation is shaven:
20 And the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before the Lord: this is set apart for the priest, with the wave breast and heave shoulder: and after that the Nazarite may drink wine.
21 This is the law of the Nazarite who has vowed, and of his offering to the Lord for his Nazariteship, beside that that his hand shall get (i.e., if able, he might voluntarily make an addition thereto): according to the vow which he vowed, so he must do after the law of his Nazariteship.' "
22 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
23 "Speak to Aaron and to his sons (cp. Deut. 21:5. 1 Chron. 23:13), saying, 'On this wise you all shall bless (see Deut.10:8) the sons of Israel, saying to them,
24 'The Lord (The Father, the source of all blessings, Eph. 1:3. Heb. 10:7) bless you, and keep you:
25 The Lord (The Son, the channel of all blessings, Eph. 1:3. Cp. Acts 3:26. Heb. 10:10) make His face shine upon you ("face" put for whole person), and be gracious to you:
26 The Lord (The Holy Spirit, the witness of all blessings. Cp. Heb. 10:7,10,15) lift up His countenance upon you (same as "face" in v.25: this is the token of Divine favor and delight. Cp. Job 29:24. Ps. 4:6, and result v.7), and give you peace' ' (= rest or security).
27 And they shall put My name upon the son of Israel; and I will bless them."