C b1 1-15. First Period. Rameses to Sinai. 12 stations. b2 16,17. Second Period. Sinai to Rithmah (= Kadesh)(first time). 3 stations. b3 18-36. Third Period. Rithmah to Kadesh (second time). 18 stations. 38 years. No history. b4 37-49. Fourth Period. Kadesh (second time) to Plains of Moab. 40th year. 10 stations.
1: These are the journeys of the sons of Israel (Heb. pulling up, i.e. of the tent pegs, or the breaking up of the camps), which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
2: And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys (see Ex. 17:14) by the commandment of the Lord (Heb. "mouth", put by Fig., for what is spoken by it): and these are their journeys according to their goings out.
(4th April, 1491 B.C.)
3: And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month (according to the solar calendar which starts of the first day of spring, the vernal equinox, March 20th); on the next day after the passover (3rd-4th April) the sons of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.
4: For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the Lord had smitten among them: upon their gods also the Lord executed judgments (cp. Ex. 12:12; 18:8,11).
5: And the sons of Israel removed from Rameses, and encamped in Succoth.
6: And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.
7: And they removed from Etham, and turned again to Pi-hahiroth, which is before Baal-zephon: and they encamped before Migdol.
8: And they departed from before Pi-hahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and encamped in Marah.
9: And they removed from Marah, and came to Elim (cp. Ex. 15:27; 16:1): and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; and they encamped there.
10: And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea (not named before).
11: And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin (Ex.16:1,2).
12: And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah (not named before. Heb. name = to knock, press severely, "cattle-driving").
13: And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush (not named before. = a crowd of men).
14: And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim (see Ex. 17), where there was no water for the people to drink.
15: And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai (cp. Ex. 19:1. Acts 7:38).
16: And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and encamped at Kibroth-hattaavah (cp. 11:4-34).
17: And they departed from Kibroth-hattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth (cp. Num. 11:35).
18: And they departed from Hazeroth, and encamped in Rithmah (= Juniper; to yoke up [to the pole of a vehicle]. Well named for the evil tongues of the spies. Cp. 13:1-3. To which place the spies went to view the land).
19: And they departed from Rithmah, and encamped at Rimmon-parez ( =pomegranate of the breach. Not named before).
20: And they departed from Rimmon-parez, and encamped in Libnah (= white tree. Perhaps the Laban of Deut. 1:1).
21: And they removed from Libnah, and encamped at Rissah (= a ruin, as dropping to pieces. Not mentioned elsewhere).
22: And they removed from Rissah, and encamped in Kehelathah (= convocation, assembly).
23: And they went from Kehelathah, and encamped in mount Shapher (= beauty, fair, glisten, brightness).
24: And they removed from mount Shapher, and encamped in Haradah (= fear anxiety).
25: And they removed from Haradah, and encamped in Makheloth (= an assembly).
26: And they removed from Makheloth, and encamped at Tahath (= the bottom [as depressed], below, underneath, station).
27: And they departed from Tahath, and encamped at Tarah (= delay).
28: And they removed from Tarah, and encamped in Mithcah (= sweetness).
29: And they went from Mithcah, and encamped in Hashmonah (= fertile, fatness).
30: And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth (correction, chastisement, i.e. a halter, restraint, reproof, warning or instruction, bonds).
31: And they departed from Moseroth, and encamped in Bene-jaakan (= a son of twisted, tortuous, son of he shall surround).
32: And they removed from Bene-jaakan, and encamped at Hor-hagidgad (= hole of the cleft, conspicuous mount).
33: And they went from Hor-hagidgad, and encamped in Jotbathah (= pleasantness, goodness. Cp. Deut. 10:7).
34: And they removed from Jotbathah, and encamped at Ebronah (= transitional, passage).
35: And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Ezion-gaber (= back-bone like of a man, giant's backbone. Edom's seaport on the Red Sea.Cp. Deut.2:8).
36: And they removed from Ezion-gaber, and encamped in the wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh.
37: And they removed from Kadesh, and encamped in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.
(17th July, 1452 B.C.)
38: And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the Lord, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of sons were come out of the land of Egypt (#40 = the number of probation), in the first day of the fifth month.
39: And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old when he died (cp. 20:24,26 &c. Born 1575 B.C.) in mount Hor (see 21:4).
40: And king Arad the Canaanite (cp. 21:3), which dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the sons of Israel.
41: And they departed from mount Hor, and encamped in Zalmonah (= shadiness).
42: And they departed from Zalmonah, and encamped in Punon (= perplexity, darkness).
43: And they departed from Punon, and encamped in Oboth (= water-skins).
44: And they departed from Oboth, and encamped in Ije-abarim (= heaps, or ruins of regions beyond. "Iim", v.45 probably an abbreviation), in the border of Moab.
45: And they departed from Iim, and pitched in Dibon-gad (= wasting-troups. Dibon of the tribe of Gad. Cp. Num. 21:30. So called because it was appropriated by Gad [32:34]; and to distinguished it from another Dibon given to Reuben [Josh. 13:15,17]).
46: And they removed from Dibon-gad, and encamped in Almon-diblathaim (= concealing the two cakes).
47: And they removed from Almon-diblathaim, and encamped in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo (were Moses died. Deut. 32:40,50; 34:1,4).
48: And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and encamped in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.
49: And they pitched by Jordan, from Beth-jesimoth (= house of the deserts) even to Abel-shittim (= meadow of the acacias) in the plains of Moab.
B c 33:50. The Plains of Moab. d 33:51-34:29. The Land of Canaan. c 35:1. The Plains of Moab. d 35:2-36:12. The Land of Canaan.
50: And the Lord spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,
d e¹ 33:51-34:15. The Division. e² 34:16-29. The Dividers.
e¹ f 33:51-53-. Command–Expulsion. g 33:-53. Possession. h 33:54. Division. f 33:55-. Disobedience–Non-expulsion. g 33:-55,56. Punishment. h 34:1-15. Division.
51: “Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘When you all are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan;
52: Then you all shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you (this was one of the great purposes for which the sword of Israel was raised up. Cp. Deut. 7:1,2. Ex.23:33), and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places:
53: And you all shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein:
for I have given you the land to possess it.
54: And you all shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more you all shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer you all shall give the less inheritance: every man's inheritance shall be in the place where his lot falls; according to the tribes of your fathers you all shall inherit (cp. 26:53).
55: But if you all will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you (Alas! they did not. Cp. Josh.13:13; 16:63; 16:10. Judg. 1:19,21,28,29,30-36; 2:1-5);
then it shall come to pass, that those which you all let remain of them shall be for pricks in your eyes (cp. Josh. 23:13. Cp. Ezek. 28:24), and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein you all dwell.
56: Moreover it shall come to pass, that I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.’ ”