M¹ r 1-29. Laws regarding Offerings. s 30,31. Presumptuous sins. Cut off. s 32-36. Presumptuous sins. Stoned. r 37-41. Laws regarding Dress.
r t 1,2. Place. The land. u w 3. Purposes. x 4-12. Offerings (Burnt). v 13-16. Unity of law. t 17,18. Place. The land. u x 19-21. Offerings (Meal). w 22-28. Purpose. v 29. Unity of law.
1490 - 1452 B.C.
1: And the Lord spoke to Moses (see 1:1), saying,
2: "Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, 'When you all are come into the land of your habitations (note that the turning away from the land does not affect the Lord's purpose to bring them in), which I give to you,
3: And will make an offering by fire to the Lord, a burnt offering, or a slain sacrifice in performing a vow, or in a voluntary offering (Heb. nedåbåh = also a freewill offering. It refers not to the nature or mode of the offering, but to the motive. Not the same as Lev.1:4, "Voluntary will", which = "for His acceptance"), or in your appointed seasons, to make a sweet satisfaction to the Lord (see Lev. 1:9), of the herd, or of the flock:
4: Then shall he that brings near his offering to the Lord bring a meal offering of a tenth deal (approx. 1/2 gal.) of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin (approx. 1 quart) of oil.
5: And the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering shall you prepare with the burnt offering or sacrifice, for one lamb.
6: Or for a ram, you shall prepare for a meal offering two tenth deals (1 gal.) of flour mingled with the third part (1/3 gal.) of an hin of oil.
7: And for a drink offering you shall offer the third part of an hin of wine, for a sweet satisfaction to the Lord.
8: And when you prepare a bullock for a burnt offering, or for a sacrifice in performing a vow, or peace offerings to the Lord:
9: Then shall he bring with a bullock a meal offering of three tenth deals (1½ gal.) of flour mingled with half an hin (½ gal.) of oil.
10: And you shall bring for a drink offering half an hin of wine, for an offering made by fire, of a sweet satisfaction to the Lord.
11: Thus shall it be done for one bullock, or for one ram, or for a lamb, or a kid (of the goat).
12: According to the number that you all shall prepare, so shall you all do to every one according to their number.
13: All that are born of the country shall do these things after this manner, in offering an offering made by fire, of a sweet satisfaction to the Lord.
14: And if a stranger sojourn with you, or whosoever be among you in your generations, and will prepare an offering made by fire, of a sweet satisfaction to the Lord; as you all do, so he shall do.
15: One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger that sojourns with you, an ordinance for ever in your generations: as you all are, so shall the stranger be before the Lord.
16: One law and one ordinance shall be for you, and for the stranger that sojourns with you.' "
17: And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
18: "Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, 'When you all come into the land to which place I bring you,
19: Then it shall be, that, when you all eat of the bread of the land, ye shall offer up a heave offering to the Lord.
20: You all shall offer up a pierced cake of the first of your dough for a heave offering (see Ex. 29:27): as you all do the heave offering of the threshing-floor, so shall you all heave it.
21: Of the first of your dough you all shall give to the Lord a heave offering in your generations.
22: And if you all have erred, and not observed all these commandments, which the Lord has spoken to Moses,
23: Even all that the Lord has commanded you by the hand of Moses, from the day that the Lord commanded Moses, and henceforward among your generations;
24: Then it shall be, if anything be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall prepare one young bullock for a burnt offering, for a sweet satisfaction to the Lord, with his meal offering, and his drink offering, according to the ordinance, and one kid of the goats for a sin offering.
25: And the priest shall make an atonement for all the congregation of the sons of Israel (see Ex. 29:33), and it shall be forgiven them; for it is ignorance: and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire to the Lord, and their sin offering before the Lord, for their ignorance:
26: And it shall be forgiven the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, and the stranger that sojourns among them; seeing all the People were in ignorance.
27: And if any soul (person) sin through ignorance, then he shall bring a she goat of the first year for a sin offering.
28: And the priest shall make an atonement for the soul that sins ignorantly, when he sins by ignorance before the Lord, to make an atonement for him; and it shall be forgiven him.
29: You all shall have one law for him that sins through ignorance, both for him that is born among the sons of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourns among them.
s 30,31. Sins. Cut off.
30: But the soul that does anything presumptuously
(= with a high hand), whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproaches the Lord; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
31: Because he has despised the word of the Lord, and has broken His commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon him.' " (= perverseness, put here by Fig., for the punishment produced by it.)
s y¹ 32-34. The sin. y² 35,36. The punishment.
32: And while the sons of Israel were in the wilderness (only 3 events recorded during the punishment wanderings: 1-The Sabbath breaker [15:32-36] 2-The usurpation of Korah [16:1-17:13]; and 3-The red heifer [19:1-10]), they found a man gathering sticks upon the sabbath day.
33: And they that found him gathering sticks brought him to Moses and Aaron, and to all the congregation.
34: And they put him in ward, because it was not made known (cp. 1 Cor. 2:13) what should be done to him (i.e. what death he should die. It had been made known that he was to die, but not in what manner. Ex. 31:15; 35:2).
y² a And the Lord said to Moses. b The man shall surely be put to death. c They shall stone him with stones. d Outside the camp.... d Outside the camp. c They stoned him with stones. b And he died. a As the Lord commanded Moses.
35: And the Lord said to Moses, "The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with
stones outside the camp."
36: And all the congregation brought him outside the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; according as the Lord commanded Moses.
37: And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
38: "Speak to the sons of Israel, and bid them that they make them a fringe in the borders of their garments throughout their generations (Heb. zizith, as in Deut. 22:12. Occurs only 4 times: here, vv.38,39, and Ezek. 8:3 [lock of hair] = a fringe where the threads hang down, like a lock of hair), and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribbon of blue:
39: And it shall be to you for a fringe, that you all may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the Lord, and do them; and that you all seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which you all use to go a whoring (= idolatry):
40: That you all may remember, and do all My commandments, and be holy (= set apart) to your God.
41: I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the Lord your God.