518-500 B.C.

Jeremiah 8)

1: At that time, [is] the Lord oracle, they shall bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of his princes, and the bones of the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of their graves: (emphasizing each class as responsible for the corruption and apostasy)
2: And (particularizing here the details of the idolatry) they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshiped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.
3: And death shall be chosen rather than life by all the residue of them that remain of this evil family, which remain in all the places whither I have driven them, [is] the Lord of hosts oracle.”

8:4-9. Incrimination. Impenitence.

K²  b¹  4,5-. Question.
     c¹  -5-7. Answer.
    b²  8-. Question.
     c¹  -8-9-. Answer.
    b³  -9. Question.

4: Moreover you shall say to them, “Thus says the Lord; ‘Shall they fall, and not rise up again? shall he turn away, and not return? (The Massorah calls attention to the fact that of the two words represented by "turn" and "and", the first letter of the second word belongs to the first word; so that this latter will read "shall they return [to Him], and He not return [to them]?" it is the same word in both clauses)
5: Why then is this People of Jerusalem slid back by a perpetual backsliding?

they hold fast deceit, they refuse to return.
6: I listened and heard, but they spake not aright: scarcely any repented him of his wickedness, saying, ‘What have I done?’ every one turned to his course, as the horse rushes into the battle.
7: Yes, the stork in the heaven knows her appointed times (fig., put for the effect of acting on the knowledge); and the turtle-dove and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but My People know not the judgment of the Lord.

8: How do you all say, ‘We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us?’

Lo, certainly in vain made He it; the pen of the scribes is in vain.
9: The wise men are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: lo, they have rejected the word of the Lord; (the second of 4 downward steps. See 6:10)

and what wisdom is in them?

10: Therefore will I give their wives to others (see Deut. 28:30), and their fields to them that shall seize them (or, to their dispossessors): for every one from the least even to the greatest is given to covetousness, and from the prophet even to the priest every one deals falsely. (the former, raised up on account of the failure of the latter, now of one accord)
11: For they have healed the hurt of the daughter of My people slightly, saying, ‘Peace, peace’ (= perfect peace); when there is no peace.

12: Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? no, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: (see 6:15)

therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, [is] the Lord's oracle.
13: I will surely consume them, [is] the Lord's oracle: there shall be no grapes on the vine (see 6:9), nor figs on the fig tree, and the leaf is withered; and the things that I have given them shall pass away from them.’ ” (or, "I have appointed them those that shall pass over them.")

8:14 - 9:9. Invasion.

B  N¹  8:14-16. The Prophet. Sorrow.
    O¹  8:17.  Yehovah. Threatening.
   N²  8:18. The Prophet. Sorrow.
    O²  8:19. Yehovah. Threatening.
   N³  8:20 - 9:9. The Prophet. Sorrow.

(vv. 14-16 spoken by the prophet, not the People. They were being threatened for not doing what is here spoken of, vv.12,13. Moreover, v.15 is spoken by Jeremiah in 14:19, which is an earlier passage, chronologically)

14: Why do we (i.e. the prophet to the People) sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defensed cities, and let us be silent there: for the Lord our God has put us to silence, and given us water of gall to drink (= poppy water; = poisoned water), because we have sinned against the Lord.
15: We looked for peace, but no good came; and for a time of health, and behold terror!
16: The snorting of his horses was heard from Dan (the Assyrians entered the land from the north): the whole land trembled at the sound of the neighing of his strong ones; for they are come, and have devoured the land, and all that is in it; the city, and those that dwell therein.

17: “For, behold, I will send serpents, adders, among you, which will not be charmed (this shows that the People were not penitent, and vv.14-16 are not their words), and they shall bite you, [is] the Lord oracle.”

18: (When I (i.e. the prophet again) would comfort myself against sorrow, my heart is faint in me.)

19: “Behold the voice of the cry of the daughter of My People because of them that dwell in a far country: Is not the Lord in Zion? is not her king in her? Why have they provoked Me to anger with their graven images, and with strange vanities?” (see Deut. 32:21)

8:20 - 9:9. The Prophet. Sorrow.

N³  P¹  8:20 - 9:2-. The Prophet's sorrow.
    P²  9:-2-9. The reason for it.

20: The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we are not saved.
21: For the breach of the daughter of my People am I hurt; I am black (i.e. mournful); astonishment has taken hold on me.
22: Is there no balsam in Gilead; is there no physician there? (the words of the prophet, showing that healing remedies were employed; thus accounting for the silence respecting them. Cp. Isa.1:6) why then is not the health of the daughter of my People recovered?

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