22:1-14. The Valley of Vision. Persian Invasion.

Y³  w  1-3. The besieged. Impious joy.
     x  4,5. Day of trouble. Inflicted.
      y  6-11. The invaders. Persians.
     x  12. Day of mourning. Required.
    w  13,14. The besieged. Impious joy.

649-588 B.C.

Isaiah 22)

1 The oracle of the valley of vision (the Sept. and Arabic versions render it Jerusalem, in relation to the high hills around. Similar names: "inhabitant of the valley", "rock of the plain" [Jer. 21:13], "mountain in the fields" [Jer. 17:3]. The reference is to v.5. Vision: here the most solemn visions had been seen: Abraham [Gen. 22:2,14, cp. the name Yehovah-yireh]; also David [1 Chron. 21:16,28], and the many visions of Isaiah [1:1; 6:1-4; &c.]. The Sept. reads "Zion"). What ails you now, that you are wholly gone up to the housetops? (denoting a time of popular rejoicing. Refers to past time. Cp. Matt. 24:16. Luke 21:21)
2 You that are full of outcries (referring to the time of this prophecy), a tumultuous city, joyous city: your slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.
3 All your rulers are fled together, they are bound by the archers: all that are found in you are bound together, which have fled far (or, far away).

4 Therefore said I, “Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labor not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my People.”
5 For it is a day of trouble, and of treading down, and of perplexity by the Lord GOD of hosts in the valley of vision, breaking down the walls, and of crying to the mountains.

6 And Elam bare the quiver with troops of mankind and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield. (the south and north limits of the Chaldean forces)
7 And it shall come to pass, that your choicest valleys shall be full of chariots, and the horsemen shall set themselves in array toward the gate.
8 And he dismantled the veil of Judah, and you did look in that day to the armor of the house of the forest.
9 You all beheld also the breaches of the city of David, that they are many: and you all gathered together the waters of the lower pool. (the pool of Siloam. Cp.7:3; 2 Chron. 32:30. The old pool. See 2 Chron. 32:3,30)
10 And you all have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have you all broken down to fortify the wall.
11 You all made also a gathering of waters between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but you all have not looked to the maker thereof, neither had respect to Him That fashioned it long ago.

12 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:

13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: [saying], “let us eat and drink; for tomorrow we shall die.” (cp. 1 Cor.15:32)
14 And it was revealed in mine ears by the Lord of hosts, “Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die,” (see Ex. 30:10. Lev.4:20, &c. Cp. 6:7; 27:9) says the Lord of hosts.

15-25. Israel: Judgment and Mercy.

Z³  R  15-. Yahaveh's Word.
     S  -15-19. Shebna.
      T  20-24. Eliakim.
     S  25-. Shebna.
    R  -25. Yahaveh's Word.

15 Thus says the Lord GOD of hosts,

“Go, get you to this treasurer, even to Shebna (see 2 Kings 18:18,26. Probably a foreigner, or heathenized Jew), which is over the house, and [you shall] say [to him],
16 ‘What have you here? and whom have you here, that you have hewed you out a sepulchre here, as that hews him out a sepulchre on high, and that graves an habitation for himself in a rock?
17 Behold, the Lord will hurl you with the hurling of a mighty man.
18 He will surely violently turn and toss you like a ball into a large country: there shall you die, and there the chariots of your glory shall be the shame of your lord's house.
19 And I will thrust you from your office (or, administration), and from your state shall He pull you down.’

20-24. Eliakim.

T  U  20. Eliakim. Called.
    V  21-23. "I will". Yehovah's work.
   U  24. Eliakim. Established.

20 And it shall come to pass in that day (i.e. in the day when this prophecy will be fulfilled. Cp. v.25), that I will call My servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah: (= Whom God sets up. Hexekiah's minister. Probably superseded by Shebna in the evil days of Manasseh. See 36:3,22; 37:2)

21 And I will cloth him with your robe, and strengthen him with your girdle (see Ex. 28:4,39,40; 29:9; 39:29. Lev. 8:7,13; 16:4. A priestly vestment), and I will commit your administration into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.
22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder (cp. 9:6); so he shall open, and none shall shut (fig., put for power of administration. Cp. Rev. 3:7, which shows that the fulfillment culminates in Messiah); and he shall shut, and none shall open.
23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house.

24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue (i.e. direct and collateral issue, and embraces the entire kinship), all vessels (fig., put for the kindred mentioned above) of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.’

25 In that day” (refers back to the day of v.20: i.e. the day of Shebna's overthrow. This would be the day of Eliakim's exaltation), says the Lord of hosts, “shall the nail that is fastened (which Shebna thought himself to be, but which Yehovah declared Eliakim to be) in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: (referring to vv.17-19. Fig., emphasizing the completeness of Shebna's downfall. The interpretation belongs to the two men, but the application refers (1) to the two parties in Jerusalem, and (2) to the Messah, in Whom the prophecy will be exhausted)

for the Lord has spoken it.

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