1 But (note the same order of events in Rev. 19 and 20, as in Isa. 10 and 11) there shall come forth a sprout (occ. only again in Prov. 14:3. Note the sublime contrast with 10:33,34) out of the stump of Jesse (appropriate for Jesse, not David), and a Shoot shall grow out of his roots (or Scion. Heb. nezer. Nothing to do with "Nazareth". See Matt. 2:23. Not the same word as in 4:2; see note there):
2 And the spirit (Heb. ruach. Same word as "breath" in v.4, and "wind" in v.15) of the Lord shall rest upon Him (cp. 61:1. A prophecy which is appropriated by Christ [Luke 4:16-21]), the spirit of wisdom and discernment, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the reverence (or love) of the Lord; (Are you lacking any of these things? The ways of the world will lead you astray. But the Lord will never lead you astray. Ask Him for wisdom.)
3 And shall make Him of quick understanding in the reverence of the Lord (or, His delight shall be; or, the reverence of Yahaveh shall be fragrance to Him. Cp. Gen. 8:21. Lev.26:31): and He shall not judge after the sight of His eyes (cp. 1 Sam.16:7), neither administer judgment after the hearing of His ears: (The Lord knows you heart and mind. He judges according to what He finds in your mind and heart.)
4 But with righteousness shall He judge the impoverished (or reduced. See Prov.6:11), and set right with equity for the meek of the earth: and He shall smite (same word as in v.15) the oppressor (some codices read ‘âriz, "the oppressor", for erez, "the earth". This reading is confirmed by the Structure of the clause:
g He shall smite the oppressor
h with the rod of His mouth,
h and with the blast of His lips
g shall He slay the lawless one.
This reading ["oppressor", for "the earth"] depends on whether the first letter is Aleph or Ayin. If with Aleph the word is ’erez, earth; and if with Ayin it is ‘ariz, oppression. These two letters are often interchanged. See Pss. 28:8; 35:15. Mic. 1:10. Hos. 7:6. The Massorah contains several lists of words in which these leters are interchanged): with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips (ruach = blast, as in Ex. 15:8; 25:4; 37:7. 2 Kings 19:7) shall He slay the lawless one (Heb. râshâ‘. Cp. Thess.2:8. This is prophecy of the second advent. Jesus is going to straighten things out. The power of God's hand is in His hand. The righteous have nothing to fear).
5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
T i 6-. Natural enemies, together. k -6. A child not hurt by them. i 7. Natural enemies, together. k 8,9. A child not hurt by them.
6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid (of the goat); and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together;
and a youth shall lead them. (This is future. When Jesus returns, all will be in spiritual bodies.There will be no flesh to offend.)
7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the viper's den. (This means there is nothing that can hurt them.)
9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain: for the earth shall assuredly become full of the knowledge of the Lord (this is the sign of the fullness of blessing. See 1:3; cp. 6:3. Num. 14:21), as the waters cover the sea.
10 And in that day there shall come to be a sapling of Jesse, (quoted in Rom.15:12) which shall stand for an ensign of the peoples; to it shall the nations seek: and His rest shall be glory. (God's salvation is available to all who will believe.)
T l 11,12. Return of Remnant from Assyria. m 13. Result. Adversaries cut off. Internal. m 14. Result. Enemies' submission. External. l 15,16. Return of Remnant from Assyria.
11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set His hand again the second time to recover the remnant of His People (the first being Ex.15:16,17), which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Upper Egypt, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the maritime countries of the sea. (The power of the hand of God will gather His children from the four corners of the earth. All Israel will be restored.)
12 And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall gather in the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth (Note these two words as applied respectively to Israel and Judah: the former, masc; the latter, fem.).
13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart (fig., put for the whole 10 Northern Tribes), and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
14 But they shall flee upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil the sons of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab (see 15:1); and the sons of Ammon shall obey them.
15 And the Lord shall utterly destroy the gulf of the Egyptian sea; and with His mighty wind (= the full force, spirit, or blast, as in v.4) shall He shake His hand over the river (i.e. the Euphrates), and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dry-shod (Heb. in shoes).
16 And there shall be a highway for the remnant of His People (see 7:3), which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel (see Ex.14:22) when he came up out of the land of Egypt.