45:1-16. The Cup Discovered.

c  h  1. Joseph affected.
    i  2-. Weeping.
     k  -2. Pharaoh and his house.
   h  3-13. Joseph revealed.
    i  14,15. Weeping.
     k  16. Pharaoh and his house.

1701 B.C.

Genesis 45)

1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, "Cause every man to go out from me." And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

2 And he wept aloud (gave forth his voice in weeping, showing the intensity of feeling, see 42:24):

and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard.

45:3-13. Joseph Revealed.

h  l  3,4. Declaration.
      m  5. Overruling by God.
       n  6. Famine.
      m  7,8. Overruling by God.
   l  9-13. Invitation.
3 And Joseph said to his brethren, "I am Joseph (so the True Joseph will one day reveal Himself, and His Brethren will then be troubled indeed, Rev. 1:7. Matt. 24:30. Zech. 12:9-14); does my father yet live?" (for he had just been informed of the fact-43:28.) And his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled at his presence.
4 And Joseph said to his brethren, "Come near to me, I pray you." And they came near. "And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom you all sold into Egypt. (Words adopted by Stephen-Acts 7:9)

5 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves (= let not anger kindle your eye, cp. Acts 3:17), that you all sold me to this place: for God did send me before you to preserve life. (So v.7; 50:20. Ps. 105:17. = To preserve you a posterity in the earth [v.7], and hence, to ensure the birth of the True Joseph, and all who have life eternal in Him)

6 For these two years has the famine been in the land: and yet there are five years, in the which there shall neither be ploughing nor harvest.

7 And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.
8 So now it was not you that sent me to this place, but Elohim: and he has made me a father to Pharaoh (this is not the Heb Ab, "father"; but Ab en Perao is an Egyptian title of high office of State. See 41:43=first minister of Pharaoh's household), and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.

9 Make haste you all, and go up to my father, and say to him, 'Thus says your son Joseph, 'God has made me lord of all Egypt: come down to me, tarry not:
10 And you shall dwell in the land of Goshen (= rain, shower), and you shall be near to me, you, and your sons, and your son's sons, and your flocks, and your herds, and all that you have:
11 And there will I nourish you; for yet there are five years of famine; lest you, and your household, and all that you have, come to poverty.'
12 And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, because my own mouth is speaking to you I cannot speak of all my glory, but you shall tell my father of all my glory.
13 And you all shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that you all have seen; and you all shall haste and bring down my father to this place."

14 And he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck, and gave forth his voice in weeping; and Benjamin wept upon his neck.
15 Moreover he kissed all his brothers, and gave forth his voice in weeping upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him.

16 And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, "Joseph's brothers are come:" and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants.

17-24. Actual Dismissal.

17 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Say to your brothers, 'This do you all; lade your beasts, and go, get you to the land of Canaan;
18 And take your father and your households, and come to me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and you all shall eat the fat of the land.'
19 You, therefore, command them, this do you all; take you wagons (= cart. Not used in Canaan. Those in Egypt depicted as having 2 wheels) out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come.
20 Also let not your eye pity; for the good of all the land of Egypt is yours.' "
21 And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph gave them carts, according to the commandment (= mouth, for command given by it) of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way.
22 To all of them he gave each man changes of clothing; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of clothing. (cp. 43:34)
23 And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his father by the way.
24 So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and he said to them, "See that you all fall not out by the way."
25 And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan to Jacob their father,
26 And told him, saying, "Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt." And Jacob's heart fainted (= his heart began to cease beating. Cp Jacob's fainting, with Israel's "strength" v.28), for he believed them not.
27 And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said to them: and when he saw the carts which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit (for its manifestations) of Jacob their father revived: (Note this name connected with unbelief-v.26-and weakness)
28 And Israel said (which is connected with his strength of faith, and act, 46:1. Cp. Israel's strength with Jacob's fainting, v.26), "It is enough; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will go and see him before I die."

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