31:1-6. The Artificers.
K4 S 1,2. The principal, Bezaleel.
T 3. His qualification.
U 4,5. His work.
S 6-. His subordinates, Aholiab and others.
T -6-. Their qualification.
U -6. Their work (= L4, vv. 7-11).
13-14th June to 23-24th July 1491 B.C.
1: And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
2: "See (to call attention to the importance of this member), I have called by name (note the qualifications: "I have filled", "I have given", "I have put", &c. Cp. John 3:27. No Tubal-Cain could instruct these artificers) Bezaleel (=in the shadow of God) the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:
3: And I have filled him with the spirit (put for gifts of the Holy Spirit) of God (The Creator), in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
4: To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in bronze, (Note vv.5 & 7, and see 26:1:
5: And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.
6: And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab (Heb. = tent of his father), the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan:
and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom,
that they may make all that I have commanded you;
7: The tent of the congregation, and (12 "ands" emphasizing 12 things to be made vv.7-11, #12 = governmental perfection) the ark of the testimony, and the mercy seat that is thereupon, and all the furniture of the tent,
8: And the table and his furniture, and the pure lamp-stand with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,
9: And the altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the laver and his base,
10: And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office,
11: And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded you shall they do."
12-17. The six days and the seventh.
12: And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
13: "Speak you also to the sons of Israel, saying, 'Verily My sabbaths you all shall keep (another special reference to this in connection with any special position in which Israel might be placed. a) The manna, ch.16; b) the giving of the law, ch.20; c) the making of the Tabernacle, ch.31): for it is a sign between Me and you (Israel, not the church of God) throughout your generations; that you all may know that I am the Lord That does sanctify you.
14: You all shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy to you: every one that defiles it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever does any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
15: Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest (see 16:23), holy to the Lord: whosoever does any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.'
16: Wherefore the sons of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
17: It is a sign (that Yahaveh is our God-that Christ is Lord) between Me and the sons of Israel for ever: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth (one of 13 occ. See Deut. 4:26), and on the seventh day He rested, and was refreshed." (See 23:12.)
18: And He gave to Moses, when He had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony (these first tables were "the work of God", 32:16; 24:12), tables of stone (Singular. The second tables were hewn by Moses, 34:1-4, and stones in plural. Both written by God), written (see 17:14) with the finger of God. (Fig. Anthropopatheia.)