12:1-20. The Passover Instituted.

b  e  1,2. The Month.
    f  g  3-11. The Symbol.
         h  12,13. The Signification and Reason.
    f  g  14-17-. The Symbol.
         h  -17. The Signification and Reason.
   e  18-20. The Month.
1491 B.C.

Exodus 12)

1 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
2 "This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. (Heb. name Abib, or "green-ear-month". Our March-April. Becomes the first month, our March 20-21st, the first day of spring, Vernal equinox, first day of Solar year. The 15th the ruling date, henceforth even to this very day we live in. Our April 3rd-4th, True day of Passover. Cp. 13:4; 23:15. Deut.16:1. Afterward called Nisan-Neh. 2:1. Est. 3:1. "First" , cp. 40:2,17. Lev. 23:5, in place of Tisri, which thus became the seventh month, our September-October.)

3 You speak to all the congregation of the sons Israel, saying, 'In the tenth day of this month (our March 30-31st) they shall take to them every man a lamb (Heb. "one of the flock", i.e. a lamb or a kid of the goats, v.5. Deut. 14:4. 2 Chron. 35:7), according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: (Later fixed by custom as not less than 10 persons.)
4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. (Repeated at beginning of next clause for emphasis.)
5 Your lamb shall be without blemish (even as "Christ our Passover", NOT "Easter"), a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
6 And you all shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month (our April 3rd-4th): and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. (Heb. between two evenings, or according to Lightfoot, between the decline of the sun after noon and its setting.)
7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden (= boiled) at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance (= center) thereof.
10 And you shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remains of it until the morning you all shall burn with fire.
11 And thus shall you eat it; with your loins girded (i.e., the loose flowing garments fastened up with a belt or girdle, making the me ready for action. Cp. Luke 12:35,37; 17:8. Acts 12:8. 1 Kings 18:46. 2 Kings 4:29; 19:11. Eph. 6:14), your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you all shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord's passover. (So it is even to this day, the latter days, and so it will be when Antichrist appears and Jesus = Yahaveh's Savior will destroy his works, i.e the Death Angel = Satan)

12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods (or princes. But see notes on object of the several plagues) of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord.
13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where you all are (The blood was the token for Yahaveh. Faith in the fact that it had been sprinkled gave peace to all within. It was, and is, not the act of faith which secured, but the truth that was believed. If no blood, belief that it was there gave no security. If blood there, doubt as to the fact would destroy peace, but could not destroy the security, because that was grounded on Yahaveh's Word, and faith consists in "hearing" that. Rom. 10:17. Heb.11:1.): and when I see the blood (not when you feel, or even believe. So the scarlet cord-Josh. 2:18,19- was for Joshua to see, not those within the house. Feelings useless apart from faith.), I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

14 And this day shall be to you for a memorial; and you all shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations; you all shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. (Even to this very day we live in and forever after. NOT "Easter", a Pagan celebration and an abomination to God. Be careful of the traditions of men, they will get you in trouble with our Father. Ignorance is not a sin necessarily, but to remain that way when you know what the truth is!)
15 Seven days shall you all eat unleavened bread; even the first day you all shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.


Its first occurrence here in Ex. 12:15 significantly makes it something to be "put away". There is no dispute as to the meaning of the word, which is sour or fermenting dough. The difference lies in its interpretation. This can be gathered only from its usage by the Holy Spirit.

1) It is used of its work in permeating the whole of that which it is mixed (Matt. 13:33. Luke 13:21. 1 Cor. 5:6. Gal. 5:9. Hos. 7:4).

2) It is used of the read which is made from the meal so permeated (Ex. 12:15,19,20,34; 13:7).

3) It is used in connection with sacrifices, as never to be offered to God with any offerings made b fir (Lev.2:11; 6:17; 10:12).

4) It is used as a Metaphor for doctrine, such as "Easter", "rapture", &ct., i.e. the traditions of man, which are not of God. (Matt. 16:12. Mark 8:15. Luke 12:1.)

5) It is used of the effects of evil doers (1 Cor. 5:6-8; 15:33).

6) In Lev. 23:17 it is used in that which symbolizes mankind, and in a proper sense of being corrupted. The sin offering associated with the leaven in the two wave-loaves corresponds with this.

7) In Amos 4:4,5 it is either the language or Figure of Irony; or, it shows that "thanksgiving with leaven" is symbolical of the sin which is ever present in the worshipers of God.

Thus in every instance it is associated with, and symbolical of, only that which is of evil.

16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation (our April 3rd-4th), and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you (our April 10-11th); no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.
17 And you all shall observe the feast of unleavened bread;

for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall you all observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. (This includes even us today and in the future. He said FOR EVER)
18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening (our April 3rd-4th), you all shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at evening. (our April 10-11th)
19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eats that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.
20 You all shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall you all eat unleavened bread.' "

12:21-28. The Passover Communicated.

b  i  21,22. The Symbol.
    k  23. The Signification.
   i  24. The Symbol.
    k  25-28. The Signification.

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, "Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. ("passover" put for the lamb.)
22 And you all shall take a bunch of hyssop (a plant containing cleansing properties), and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

23 For the Lord will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer (Heb. shachath; a prime root; to decay, i.e. [caus.] ruin [lit. or fig.]:-batter, cast off, corrupt [-er, thing], destroy [-er, -uction], lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, x utterly, waste [-er]. If you don't listen to God, He will let Satan chew you over for a while. I.e. He will remove His protection from you.) to come in to your houses to smite you.

24 And you all shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons for ever.

25 And it shall come to pass, when you be come to the land which the Lord will give you, according as He has promised, that you all shall keep this service. (He has given us the U.S. of A. This law still in effect because Christ became these things)
26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say to you, 'What do you mean by this service?'
27 That you all shall say, 'It is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover, Who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.' And the People bowed the head and worshiped.
28 And the sons of Israel went away, and did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. (10 Passovers recorded, #10 = ordinal perfection, here Ex.12:28. Num.9:5. Josh.5:10. 2 Chron. 30:13-15. 2 Kings 23:22 [2 Chron. 35:1]. Ezra 6:19. Matt. 26:17. Luke 2:41. John 2:13; 6:4.)

29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt (see 11:4), from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

12:31-14:31. Yahaveh's Deliverance of Israel.

F6  l  12:31-36. Dismissal, and Spoiling of Egyptians.
     m  12:37-39. Departure from Egypt to Succoth.
      n  o  12:40-42. Fulfillment of prophecy.
          p  12:43-50. Ordinance of Passover.
      n  o  12:51-13:2. Fulfillment of prophecy.
          p  13:3-16. Ordinances of Phylacteries.
     m  13:17-22. Departure from Succoth to Etham.
    l  14:1-31. Pursuit, and Destruction of Egyptians.

31 And he (i.e. Pharaoh) called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both of you and the children of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as you all have said.
32 Also take your flocks and your herds (see 10:25,26 and 5:1), according as you all have said, and be gone; and bless me also."
33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the People, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, "We are all dead men."
34 And the People took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.
35 And the sons of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels (see 11:2) of silver, and jewels of gold, and clothing:
36 And the Lord gave the People favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they gladly gave to them (Heb. verb is in the Hiphil mood and = caused them to ask, i.e. the Egyptians pressed them to take). And they spoiled the Egyptians.

37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses (= City of the Sun) to Succoth (= booths), about six hundred thousand on foot that were men (Heb. geber, with art. = the strong men, or, men of military age. Num.14:29), beside children.
38 And a mixed multitude (= Egyptians. Cp. Num. 11:4. Neh. 13:3) went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened (bread always unleavened when baked in haste); because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual (= meat).

1921 to 1491 B.C.

40 Now the sojourning (Commenced with Gen.12:1. Quite a different subject from dwelling in Egypt) of the sons of Israel (by which one man's name, Israel is put for his father and grand-father), {who dwelt in Egypt} (A form of parenthesis used to further define the People and connect the two parts of their history), was four hundred and thirty years. (There are 2 reckonings of the sojournings: one started from the "promise" to Abraham, Ex. 12:40. Gal. 3:14,17 = 430 years; the other starting from the recognition of his "seed" - Isaac, Gen. 21:12. See Acts 7:6 and Gen. 15:13 = 400 years. Note well 450 years to Samuel; 490 to Saul. This dwelling in Egypt was only 215 years.)
41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass (i.e. the 15th day of the seventh month. It is the Feast of Tabernacles, our September 28-29th. The years of the Solar cycle show that it was the day that Abraham left "Ur of the Chaldees"), that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.
42 It is a night to be much observed to the Lord for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the Lord to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

43 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:
44 But every man's servant that is bought for money (cp. Gen. 17:12,13), when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.
45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.
46 In the same house (cp. v.4) shall it be eaten; you shall not carry forth any of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall you all break a bone thereof.
47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and will keep the passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. (Were they circumcised during the 3 days' darkness, and was the command given, the word against which they did not rebel? - Ps. 105:28.)
49 One law shall be to him that is home-born, and unto the stranger that sojourns among you."
50 Thus did all the sons of Israel; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the Lord did bring the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies (= hosts).

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