D╣ K 3:1-11. Miracle. Performed. L M╣ 3:12-26. Answer to People. N╣ 4:1-7. Arrest. M▓ 4:8-12. Answer to Rulers. N▓ 4:13-18. Decision. M│ 4:19-20. Answer to Rulers. N│ 4:21-. Release. K 4:-21-22. Miracle. Result.
K k 1. In the Temple. m 2. The Beautiful Gate. n 3-9. The Lame Man healed. m 10. The Beautiful Gate. k 11. Solomon's Porch.
1: Now Peter and John (mentioned 7 times in Acts, John always in subordination to Peter) were going up together into the temple (see 2:46) upon the hour of prayer (Gr. euchŕ = a prayer to God; also, a vow made to God), being the ninth hour (about 3 p.m. Cp. Luke 1:9,10).
2: And a certain (= some one, a certain one) man being lame (Gr. huparch˘ = subsists or exists, not the verb "to be", see note on Luke 9:48) from his mother's womb was carried, whom they were laying (i.e used to lay) daily towards the gate of the temple which is called Beautiful (Probably the East gate, which, Josephus says, "was of Corinthian brass and greatly excelled those that were only covered over with silver and gold". [Wars 5. ž3]), to ask (Gr. aite˘ = to ask for something to be given [not done]) alms (Gr. eleŕmosunŕ; from eleos; compassionateness, i.e. [as exercised towards the poor] beneficence, or [concretely] a benefaction. This was shortened into "aelmesse", and then into "alms") from them that entered into the temple;
3: Who seeing (Gr. eidon, implying not the mere act of seeing, but the actual perception of the object) Peter and John about to go into the temple asked (Gr. er˘ta˘ = to ask or request a person to do [rarely to give] something) an alms (Lit. to receive an alms).
4: But Peter, fastening his eyes (Gr. ateniz˘ = to fix the eyes intently on) upon him with John, said, ôLook upon us.ö (Gr. blep˘ = to have the power of seeing, to use the eyes, to look at; used of the act of looking, even though nothing be seen. Hence, to observe accurately and with desire; used of mental vision, and implying more contemplation than perception)
5: And he gave heed to them, expecting (Gr. prosdoka˘ = to watch for anything, expect and thus look or wait for) to receive something of them.
6: Then Peter said, ôSilver and gold have I none (= belong not. Apart from Peter's lack, it was unlawful by Rabbinical ruling to carry a purse into the Temple); but such as I have this I give you: In the name of Yehoshua the Messiah the Nazarene rise up (Gr. egeir˘ = to rouse from sleep, to awake) and walk.
7: And he took (Gr. piaz˘ = to squeeze, i.e to seize gently by the hand. See note on John 11:57) him by the right hand, and raised him up: and immediately his feet and ankle bones were strengthened.
8: And he leaping up stood, and walked, and entered with them into the temple, walking, and leaping, and praising God.
9: And all the people saw him walking and praising God:
10: And they knew (Gr. epi-gin˘sk˘ = to know thereupon, to become thoroughly acquainted with; to know thoroughly and accurately, recognize. See 1 Cor.13:12) that it was he which sat for alms at the Beautiful gate of the temple: and they were filled with wonder and amazement (Gr. ekstasis, ecstasy. See note on Mark 5:42) at that which had happened to him.
11: And as the lame man which was healed (the text read "he") held Peter and John, all the people ran together unto them in the porch that is called Solomon's (see note on John 10:23), greatly wondering (Cp. Mark 14:33. This miracle was significant of Israel's restoration. Isa.35:6. Cp. Matt.11:5).
O╣ 12-16. Explanation. O▓ 17-26. Application.
O╣ o 12. Miracle. Negative. Not by man's power. p 13-. God glorified His Servant Yahshua. q -13. You all denied Him. q 14,15-. You all killed Him. p -15. God. Raised Him. o 16. Miracle. Positive. By His Name.
12: And when Peter saw it, he answered to the people, ĹAll you men of Israel (Lit. Men, Israelites. See note on 1:11), why marvel you all at this? or why look you all so earnestly to us (Gr.ateniz˘, see v.4), as though by our own power (Gr. dunamis = inherent power; the power of producing itself. See 1:8) or holiness (= godliness, Gr. euseb˘ = to be pius or devout towards any one; to act with reverence, respect, and honor) we had made him to walk?
13: God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the Lord of our fathers, has glorified His Son (= Servant. Cp. Isa.42:1; 49:6. Matt.12:1) Jesus;
whom you all delivered up (See note on John 19:13), and denied (cp. John 19:15) Him (texts omit) in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined (Lit. he having decided) to release Him.
14: But you all denied the Holy One (Cp. 4:27, 30. Isa.29:23; 43:3; 49:7) and the Just (Gr. dikaios, also means righteous. Cp. 7:52; 22:14), and desired (Gr. aite˘, see v.3) a man a murderer to be granted (Gr. charizomai = give as an act of grace; hence forgive) to you;
15: And killed the Prince (Gr. archŕgos = leader; one who stands at the head or beginning [archŕ] of a list, or rank. Here, 5:31. Heb.2:10; 12:2) of life (Gr. z˘ŕ = life in all its manifestations; from the life of God down to the lowest vegetable.It is life in activity, and ths especially is the opposite of death. It involves resurrection life and eternal life; and hence, as such, is the "gift of God" [Rom.6:23. 1 John 5:12]),
whom God has raised from the dead (Gr. nekr˘n); whereof we are witnesses (Gr. martur. See note on 1:8).
16: And His name upon faith (Gr. pistis = the living, Divinely implanted principle) of His name has made this one strong (see v.7), whom you all see (Gr. idou = See! Behold! calling attention to something external to one's self) and know: yea, the faith which is by Him has given him this perfect soundness (Lit. wholeness. Gr. holoklŕria. Cp. 1 Thess.5:23. Heb.2:4) in the presence of you all (Lit. over against. Gr. apenanti. Here, 17:7. Matt.21:2; 27:24,61. Rom.3:18).
O▓ r╣ 17,18. Prophecy. Christ's Death. s╣ 19,20. Repentance. Pardon. Refreshing. r▓ 21,22. Prophecy. Christ's Rule. s▓ 23. Disobedience. Destruction. r│ 24,25. Prophecy. All blessed in Christ. s│ 26. Sin Forsaken. Blessing.
17: And now, brethren, I know that according to ignorance you all did it, as your rulers also did.
18: But those things, which God before announced before by the mouth of all His prophets, that Messiah (text reads, "His Messiah") should suffer, He has fulfilled (See 1:16; 2:2,28).
19: Repent you all therefore (Gr. metanoe˘ = to change one's mind, always for the better, and morally. Not merely to forsake sin, but to change one's apprehension regarding it. It answers to the Latin resipisco = to recover one's senses, to come to one's self), and be converted (= turn you all again to Me. Jer. 3:7,14,22, &c.), that your sins (Gr. hamartia = a failing to hit the mark; aberration from prescribed law. In the N.T. always used in a moral sense = a sin, whether by omission or commission, in thought, word, or deed) may be blotted out (= wiped out, the blotting out. Here, Col.2:14. Rev.3:5; 7:17; 21:4), in order that (always an expression of purpose. Cp. 8:15,24; 9:2,12,17,24, &c.) times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord;
20: And He shall send (Gr. apostell˘ = to send forth, or off, or away from [as a messenger, or with a commission], the sender remaining behind; implying authority on the part of the sender) Jesus the Messiah, which before was preached to you (Gr. prokŕruss˘ = to proclaim [as a herald], from kŕrux, a herald; without reference to the matter proclaimed; and without including the idea of teaching. But the text reads procheirizomai, to chose or appoint before, as in 22:14; 26:16):
21: Whom heaven (see Matt. 6:9,10) must receive until the times of restitution (Gr. apokatastasis = to re-establishment from state of ruin) of all things, which God spoke (Gr. lale˘ = to talk or use the voice, without reference to the words spoken) by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began. (There is nothing new about this)
22: Indeed Moses (Moses is referred to 19 times in Acts. See note on Matt.8:4) truly said (see Deut.18:15-19. So Peter claimed Deuteronomy as the work of Moses) to the fathers (the text omits), ĹA Prophet(cp. John 1:22,25) shall the Lord your God raise up to you out of your brethren, as He raised up me; Him shall you all hear according to all things whatsoever He shall speak to you (The reference is to Deut.18:15)
23: And it shall come to pass, that every soul(Gr. psuchŕ, used of man as an individual [just as we speak of a ship going down with every soul on board]), which will not hear that Prophet, shall be utterly destroyed(Gr.exolothreuomai. Only here, Frequently in Sept. About 80 times as rendering of kÔrath, cut off. See Gen.17:14. Ex.30:33; 31:14. The quotation is from Deut. 18:18,19. Here the Holy Spirit gives the solemn meaning of "I will require it of him", as being destruction from among the people. Cp. Mal.4:1) from among the people.ĺ
24: Yes, and all the prophets from Samuel (Samuel was the first great prophet and spokesman of God after Moses.) and those next in order (Gr. kathexŕs. Only used by Luke, here, 11:14; 18:23. Luke 1:3; 8:1), as many as have spoken, foretold also of these days (see v.16. I.e the coming of Messiah).
25: You all are sons (Gr. huios) of the prophets, and of the covenant (Gr. diathŕkŕ. Cp. Luke 1:72. For this Hebraism, "sons of the covenant", cp. Matt. 8:12; 9:15. Luke 16:8) which the Lord covenanted with our fathers, saying to Abraham, ĹAnd in your seed (i.e. Christ. See Gal.3:16) shall all the families of the earth be blessed.ĺ (All families, not because from Abraham, but through acceptance of Messiah Who was born from Abraham)
26: To you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent Him to bless youö (Greatest gift ever given to man), in turning away every one of you from his iniquities (Gr. ponŕria = depravity; iniquity, the wicked act of the evil nature).