H P¹ 6:1-23. The Ark of Yahaveh. P² 7:1-29. The House of Yahaveh.
P¹ i 1-4. Removal of Ark from Gibeah. k 5. Music. l 6-8. Sin of Uzzah. m 9-11-. carried aside. n -11,12-. Blessing. i -12,13. Removal of Ark from Obed-edom. k 14,15. Dancing. l 16. Offense of Michal. m 17. Carried in. n 18-23. Blessing, &c.
2 Samuel 6)
1: Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.
2: And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah (= lord. the old Canaanitish name of Kirjath-Jearim = the city of forests. Cp. 1 Sam. 6:21; 7:2. 1 Chron. 13:6), to bring up from that place the Ark of God, whereupon is called the name of the Lord of hosts that dwells between the cherubims. (David's about to mess up. He forgot to ask God first)
3: And they set the Ark of God upon a new cart (this was contrary to the Divine prescribed law [Num. 4:15; 7:9; 10:21. Deut. 10:8. Josh. 3:14. 2 Sam. 15:24. 1 Chron. 13:7; 15:2, &c.]. When the Philistines did it in ignorance [1 Sam. 6:7] no judgment fell on them, because the Law of Moses was not delivered to them. But David should have known: hence judgment came. The solemn lesson is that anything introduced into the worship of God contrary to His requirements is deserving of His judgment. This includes all that is contrary to John 4:24, and all that is of the flesh, which "profits nothing" [John 6:63]. All this is like David's "new cart" and is sin in God's sight. This would be the equivalent of miss-handling Christ today. See 1 Sam. 6:7, and cp. 1 Sam. 15:22), and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio (They were priests, they should have known better), the sons of Abinadab, drove the new cart.
4: And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the Ark of God: and Ahio (= brotherly) went before the ark. (It "looked" so religious)
5: And David and all the house of Israel played before the Lord on all manner of instruments made of fir wood (the Sept. reads "with all boldness and with song". See v.14. and 1 Chron. 13:8. According to the Hebrew text "fir woods", Fig., put for the instruments made by it), even on harps, and on psalteries, and on drums (see Ex. 15:20), and on cornets, and on timbrels (or tambourines. Heb. zilzilim. See 1 Chron. 13:8. They had a real religious wing-ding going here. Only one problem, it was an abomination to God!)
6: And when they came to Nachon's threshing-floor (= same as Chidon [1 Chron. 13:9), Uzzah (= strength) put forth his hand to the Ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.
7: And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his negligence (discipline is so very important); and there he died by the Ark of God.
8: And David was displeased (i.e. with himself. He thinks about what went wrong), because the Lord had broke forth upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perez-uzzah to this day. (= breaking of strength)
9: And David was afraid of the Lord that day, and said, “How shall the Ark of the Lord come to me?”
10: So David would not remove the Ark of the Lord to him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite (servant of Edom [=red]).
11: And the Ark of the Lord continued in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite three months:
and the Lord blessed Obed-edom, and all his household. (God was pleased with this. They knew what they were doing)
12: And it was told king David, saying, “The Lord has blessed the house of Obed-edom, and all that pertains to him, because of the Ark of God.”
So David went and brought up the Ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into the city of David with gladness. (Cp. 1 Chron. 15:3)
13: And it was so, that when they that bare the Ark of the Lord had gone six paces (= a little more that 6 yards. See 1 Chron15:26), he sacrificed oxen and fat-lings. (David had learned his leason)
14: And David danced before the Lord with all his might (this explains the superscription of Ps. 87 [not the title of 88, see note there], Mahalah Leannoth = dancing with shoutings. Cp. 1 Chron.15:25-29); and David was girded with a linen ephod (Cp. Aaron [Ex.28:6] and Samuel [1 Sam.2:18]).
15: So David and all the house of Israel brought up the Ark of the Lord with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
16: And as the Ark of the Lord came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the Lord (see v.14); and she despised him in her heart. (she thought that this was no way for a king to act. Why? See v.20)
951 B.C. Sabbatical year
17: And they brought in the Ark of the Lord, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it (Heb. ’ohel. Not the Tabernacle of Moses, which was at Gibeon, cp. 1 Chron. 16:39, but the tent David had prepared on Zion [7:1-5]. Cp. Ps. 132:3-5): and David offered up burnt offerings and peace offerings (which were for thanksgiving) before the Lord.
n o¹ 18,19-. Blessing of the People. p¹ -19. Return of the People. o² 20-. Blessing of the household. p² -20. Return of David. Reproach. o³ 21,22. Blessing from Yehovah. p³ 23. No return to Michal.18: And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the People in the name of the Lord of hosts.
So all the people departed every one to his house.
20: Then David returned to bless his household.
And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David (note this. It does not say "the wife of David"), and said, “How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who disrobed (referring to his royal robes) himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly disrobes himself!” (There is some jealousy involved here on Michal's part)
21: And David said to Michal, “Before the Lord did I dance, Which chose me before your father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the People of the Lord, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD. (Don't expect kings robe to buy you anything before God)
22: And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in my own sight: and of the maidservants which you have spoken of, of them shall I be had in honor. (David was showing humility)
23: Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child to the day of her death. (God protects the seed line. Michal was a Benjamite. It would have broken the seed line)