C˛ E 5:1-25. David's accession over Israel. F H 6:1–7:29. Worship. J 8:1-14. David's mighty acts. G K 8:15-18. David's officers. L 9:1–10:5. David's kindness. M 10:6–20:22. Wars and events. G K 20:23-26. David's officers. L 21:1-14. David's zeal. M 21:15-22. Wars and events. F H 22:1–23:7. Worship. J 23:8-39. David's mighty men. E 24:1-25. David's sin. Numbering Israel.
E N a 1-3. King anointed. b 4,5. Hebron. Reign. c 6-8. Jebusites expelled. O d 9. City of David. e 10. Greetings of king. O d 11. House of David. e 12-. Establishment of King. N a -12. Kingdom exalted. b 13-16. Hebron. Family. c 17-25. Philistine vanquished.
2 Samuel )
1: Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, “Behold, we are your bone and your flesh. (One of the keys of David)
2: Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were he that led out and brought in Israel (another part of the key of David: He was a leader of Israel): and the Lord said to you, ‘You shall feed as a shepherd My people Israel (another part of the key of David: a shepherd), and you shall be a captain over Israel.’ ”
3: So all the elders of Israel (this includes all 12 tribes) came to the king to Hebron; and king David solemnized a covenant with them in Hebron before the Lord: and they anointed David king over Israel (This was just a formality saying they accepted him. See 1 Sam. 16:13).
960 to 920 B.C.
4: David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
5: In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years (another part of the key of David, type of Christ. #33 = promise. The age at which Christ fulfilled God's promise and brought salvation to whomsoever would believe in Him) over all Israel and Judah.
6: And the king and his men went to Jerusalem to the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spoke to David, saying, “You shall not come in to this place, for the blind and the lame shall drive you away by saying, ‘David shall not come in to this place:’ ” thinking, David cannot come in to that place.
7: Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion (i.e the hill of Ophel, immediately south of Moriah. Zion, first Occ. 154 times in O.T. [7 x 22 = Spiritual perfection X Light]; used later [especially in prophecy] of the whole city. See description below v.8): the same is the City of David (Which is on Jebus, therefore, and not on the west side. First occ. Occurs 40 times in the O.T. [#40 = probation]. Used of Zion 5 times [#5 = grace. 2 Sam. 5:7,9. 1 Kings 8:1. 1 Chron. 11:5. 2 Chron. 5:2]).
8: And David said on that day, “Whosoever gets up to the gutter (= by or through the zinnor, a rock-cut passage from the lower Gihon or En-Rogel [now the Virgin's Fount on east of Ophel], leading up into the city and supplying water. Discovered by Sir Charles Warren. Cp. Neh. 2:13, &c.), and smites the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain.” (these words are supplied from 1 Chron. 11:6, which tell that Joab got up the zinnor first. Probably revealed to him [or to David] by Araunah, who [though a Jebusite] was not slain, but is found later on, owning property quite near [24:16]. Josephus says Araunah was a friend of David's) Wherefore they said, “The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.”
On the plan a point is, marked at the south end of the conduit, as "Warren's Shaft". In His “Recovery of Jerusalem", Sir Charles Warren tells us that "at 450 feet from the Siloam end....we found a shaft leading upwards apparently to the open air". This is of great importance, as it alters considerably the conjectured line of wall that is shown on the P.E.F. plans running due north up the east slope of Ophel, from the great masonry dam below the Old Pool. This shaft must have been within the city wall. Therefore, as 450 feet from the exit at Siloam locates it as being beyond the first bend in the serpentine course of the conduit, the city wall must necessarily have been carried up at least 100 feet nearer to the east, and probably in the position it is shown in the plan.
9: So David dwelt in the strong hold (of v.7. The Citadel), and called it the city of David. And David built the wall (which was continued by Solomon [1 Kings 9:15,24; 11:27], afterward by Hezekiah [2 Chron.32:5], and extended by Manasseh [2 Chron.33:14]) from the Millo and inward (or the filling up:, i.e. of the valley between Moriah and Jebus).
10: And David went on and on, and grew great, and the Lord God of hosts (Yehovah Elohim Sabaioth) was with him.
11: And Hiram (= noble. Not the Hiram of 1 Kings 9:11, which was 60 years later. Josephus says he was his father. Cp. 2 Chron. 2:13. 1 Kings 5:1) king of Tyre sent messengers to David (Israel had no war with Phśnicians. Asher failed to expel them [Judg.1:31), and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
12: And David perceived that the Lord had established him king over Israel,
and that He had exalted his kingdom for His People Israel's sake (not necessarily of David's sake).
13: And David took him more concubines and wives into Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
14: And these be the names of those that were born to him in Jerusalem; Shammua (= renowned), and Shobab (= rebellious), and Nathan (= a giver), and Solomon (= peaceful),
15: Ibhar also (= whom God chooses), and Elishua (= God is my salvation), and Nepheg (= sprout), and Japhia (= splendid),
16: And Elishama (= whom God hears), and Eliada (= known by God. Also = another name, Beeliada. See 1 Chron.14:7), and Eliphalet (= the God of deliverance).
c f 17,18. Positions of Philistines. g 19. Inquiry of Yahaveh. h 20,21. Defeat. f 22. Position of Philistines. g 23,24. Inquiry of Yahaveh. h 25. Defeat.
17: But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David (cp. 1 Sam.26:2); and David heard of it, and went down to the hold (probably Adullam. 1 Sam. 22:1. Not Zion, because he went "down" to it).
18: The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim (the descendants of the Nephilim through one "Rapha". See Gen. 6:2,4).
19: And David inquired of the Lord (see 1 Chron. 14:10), saying, “Shall I go up to the Philistines? will You deliver them into my hand?” And the Lord said to David, “Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into your hand.”
20: And David came to Baal-perazim (= lord of divisions), and David smote them there, and said, “The Lord has broken forth upon my enemies before me, as the breach of waters.” Therefore he called the name of that place Baal-perazim.
21: And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them. (articles of false religion. Get rid of the traditions of men)
952 B.C. 22: And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
23: And when David inquired of the Lord, he said, “You shall not go up; but fetch a compass (= encircle) behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.
24: And let it be, when you hear the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees (God's army in another dimension), that then you shall go out yourself: for then shall the Lord go out before you, to smite the host of the Philistines.”
25: And David did so, as the Lord had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Gibeon until you come to Gazer (see Chron. 14:16. About 30-35 miles).