P  W  10:1-5. The Mosaic Dispensation.
    X  10:6-14. Application.
   W  10:15-20. The Gospel [i.e. Kingdom] Dispensation.
    X  10-20-11:1. Application.


1 For (it introduces an instance of sons who were rejected), brethren, I do not desire that you should be ignorant (see Rom. 1:13. Paul says I don’t want you NOT to know this. I don’t want you to forget this, if you already knew it.), how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea (As Moses led the true people of Israel out of Egypt they were under that cloud. Well what was the cloud? It was our heavenly Father; a cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. Did they go over the sea? Did they go around the sea? No ladies and gentlemen they went through the sea. );
2 And were all (Notice the emphatic use of the repetition of the word all) baptized to Moses (see 9:9) in the cloud and in the sea (And in deed that was a type of baptism that those people went through);
3 And did all eat the same spiritual food; (Cp. Ps. 78:24,25. The manna from heaven that our heavenly Father gave the people, and eventually the quail when they complained about the manna. Of course today or spiritual meat is what? The bread of life, of course.)
4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: (for they were drinking of that spiritual Rock that followed (the meaning is, the miracle of the water from the Rock followed that of manna from heaven. Imagine 2.1 million people approximately, coming out of Egypt. Israel; with all of their flocks and herds, and they are in the desert. How much water would it take to quench the thirst of all those? And that water came forth from that rock.): and that Rock was Christ. (as the source of their supply, He is called the Rock. Cp. Deut. 32:4,15,18,30,31,37. Ps. 18:14,&c. The gateway to heaven. The gateway to our salvation. The living water that we partake of so freely.))
5 But with the most of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. (see Num. 14:16. And do you know what overthrew them in the wilderness? It was their own unbelief. Over-and-over-and-over God told them, we’re going into the promised land, a land that flows with milk and honey. What did they do? They said, “Oh let’s send one man from each tribe into the promised land to make sure that it’s a good land.” And what did God say? “Okay, go ahead and send them”. What did they do? They came back and 10 of them lied said, “There’s no way that we can take those people. There are giants over there.” Their own unbelief.)

X  r  6-10. Types.
    s  11,12. Warning.
   r  12. Temptations.
    s  14. Warning.

6 Now these things became our (i.e. for us) types (see John 20:25. Check it out in the Greek. “Typos”, pronounced “tü'-pos”. It means “type” in a doctrinal sense; 1) of a type i.e. a person or thing prefiguring a future (Messianic) person or thing), to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also desired. (Not always in a bad sense. Cp. Matt. 13:17. Luke 17:22; 22:15. The reference is to Ex. 32:6-25. Paul is trying to get our attention here. He’s saying that these things that happened here in the Old Testament happened for a reason people. Study them. Understand them so that you don’t lust after evil.)
7 Neither be you idolaters (see 5:10), as were some of them; as it has been written, "The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play." (Quoted from Ex. 32:6. Even as Moses was up on Mount Sinai receiving the 10 commandments, what were they doing? Down there playing. They said, "Hmff! This fellow Moses, we don’t know what to make of it. He’s been gone for 40 days!" Aaron the high priest who should have known better of all people, they said, "Make us a golden calf to lead us on into the Promised Land. We don’t know if Moses is going to be back or not!")
8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day twenty three thousand. (See Num. 25:1-9, where the number is given as 24,000, but this included the princes of the people of v.4. See note there. They joined themselves to Baal Peor. God wasn’t happy.)
9 Neither let us put thoroughly to the test Christ (Emanuel), as some of them also tempted (Who did they tempt? They tempted God. Numbers, chapter 14, 10 times they tempted God! Over the golden calf, over the manna, over the water… And finally what? They were going to appoint captain to lead them back in to Egypt. The utmost rebellion against Gods plan.), and were destroyed by serpents. (See Num. 21:5,6. As the children of Israel were working their way as they left Horma, and they were going around Edom, because the Edomites wouldn’t let them cross their land, the going got pretty rough and the people were complaining and again, “Moses, why did you bring us out in this desert to die?” And God was getting so tired of it that He sent fiery serpents among them and those that were bitten by the fiery serpents died. And as usual Moses interceded on their behalf and was instructed by God to make a brazen serpent that he lifted up and those that would look upon the brazen serpent, even though they were bitten by the serpent or snakes, would not die. That’s why Christ would say in John chapter 3 just as Moses raised the serpent, so must the son of man be raised on the cross. In other words, those that look upon Him, will live as well.)
10 Neither murmur you, as some of them also murmured (or you will have trouble), and were destroyed of the destroyer. (See Heb. 11:28, the destroying angel, and Ex. 12:23. Those 10 spies that went into the Promised Land, God struck them dead with a special plague. He wasn’t happy with them at all.)

11 Now all these things happened to them for types: and they were written for our warning, upon whom the ends of the ages are come. (See Acts 16:1. The events of the Old Testament are written as an example and a warning for us. Boy, have you ever talked to, and I know none of you are this way because you’re too studied in God’s word, but have you ever been talking to a new Christian and you say "the end of the world". And I mean, the knees start shaking, "The end of the world?" Of course you know we’re talking about aiōn in the Greek language. End of the age, that’s all we’re talking about. When this world age ends and a new one begins. We’re talking about this generation, the generation of the fig tree.)
12 So then let him that thinks he stands look to it lest he fall. (Those that stand against Satan better have their spiritual pistol loaded and ready. Stand on the Rock. Do you think you’re going to stand against the antichrist? And I know you are. But what I want to encourage you to do is to have that mind of have I done everything I can do to prepare for that? Do I know everything that I can possibly know about that enemy that will help me. And that’s what we’re going to do today.)

13 There has no temptation taken you except a human [one] (There’s nothing that’s going to happen to you that hasn’t happened to man before. Some might say, "Well you don’t understand, we’re going to live in that generation that we’re going to have to face the antichrist!" So what? The people in the wilderness were tempted. Were they not? This is nothing new. Man has been tempted from the get-go here on earth and the flesh in itself is a temptation): but God is faithful (cp. 1 Pet. 4:19. 1 John 1:9), who will not suffer you to be tempted above that you are able; but will with the temptation make a way out also, that you may be able to endure it. (You don't have to worry about the rod of the wicked one. When trouble hits, don't panic. Your problems are no worse than what others have endured. Click on your brain. Use your gray matter. God has promised you will not be tempted above that which you can handle. It has happened to everybody, He knows what you can handle, He wont let you down!)

14 Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. (Worshiping other things. See 2 Pet. 2:1-9. Don't worship antichrist. Don't allow anyone to pull you off track. Be on guard.)

W  t  15,16. Fellowship.
    u  17. Reason.
   t  18. Fellowship.
    u  19,20-. Inference

15 I speak as to wise men; judge you what I say. (Do you consider yourself a wise person? Than listen to what Paul says. As I said earlier, the Assyrian, over-and-over-and-over laid siege on Jerusalem.)
16 The cup of blessing (which was used at the Paschal Supper) which we bless (cp. Matt. 26:27 [give thanks]), is it not the communion of the blood of the Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of the Christ?

17 For we being many are one loaf (see Matt. 14:17. Mark 8:14,&c.), and one body (cp. 12:12): for we partake of that one bread.

18 See Israel according to the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar? (Matt. 23:30. Luke 5:10. 2 Cor. 1:7; 8:23. Philem. 17. Heb. 10:33. 1 Pet. 5:1. 2 Pet.1:4)

19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? (See Acts 15:29)
20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons, and not to God: (Quoted from Deut. 32:17. See Acts 17:18)

10:-20-11:1. APPLICATION.
X  v¹  10:-20-23. Distinctions in fellowship.
    w¹  10:24. Inference.
   v²  10:25. Distinctions in knowledge.
    w²  10:26. Reason.
   v³  10:27,28-. Distinction in meats.
    w³  10:-28. Reason.
   v4  29,30. Distinction in conscience.
    w4  10:31-11:1. Inference.

and I would not that you should become partakers with demons.
21 You are not able to drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of demons: you are not able to be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of demons.
22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? (See Rom. 10:19) are we stronger than He? (This question is introduced expecting a negative answer. Note the vividness given to the apostle's argument in vv.16,18,19,22.)
23 All things are lawful for me, but not all things are expedient (or profitable): all things are lawful for me, but not all things edify.

24 Let no one seek his own things, but each one the things of the other.

25 All which is sold in the shambles, that eat, questioning nothing on account of conscience:

26 (For the earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof. (See Ps. 21:1)

27 If any of the unbelievers call you to a feast, and you wish to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, questioning nothing on account of conscience sake.
28 But if any one say to you, "This is offered in sacrifice to idols," eat not for his sake that showed it (see Luke 20:37), and account of conscience sake:

for the earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof:)

29 Conscience, I say, not your own, but that of the other (this must be a weak believer, who wished to give warning, a heathen would have no "conscience" in the matter): for why is my liberty judged of another man's conscience?
30 For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? (See Acts 27:35)

31 Whether therefore you eat, or drink, or whatsoever you do, do all to the glory of God.
32 Give none offense (see Acts 24:16), neither to the Judeans, nor to the Greeks, nor to the church of God:
33 Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of the many, in order that they may be saved.

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