F5 K 1-5. Prayer. [God the object.] L o 6,7. Israel. [God, the subject.] p 8,9. Heathen. " K 10,11. Prayer. [God, the object.] L o 12-. Israel. [God, the subject.] p -12. Heathen. "
(Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobath = Mesopotamia or Syria. See 1 Chron. 18:5. In 2 Sam. 8:13, and 1 Chron. 18:12, it is David's and Abishai's exploit, which was 18,000. Here it is Joab's exploit, and his share was 12,000, but he took 6 months longer in finishing up his task [1 Kings 11:15,16]. David's 22,000 in 1 Chron. 18:5 were in a Syrian campaign. See 2 Sam. 8:12,13)
about 895 B.C.
1 O God, You have cast us off, You have scattered us,
You have been displeased; O turn Yourself to us again.
2 You have made the earth to tremble; You have made fissure in it:
Heal the breaches thereof; for it shakes.
3 You have suffered Your people to see hard things:
You have made us to drink the wine of astonishment (or confusion, or trembling).
4 You have given a banner to them that revere You,
That it may be displayed because of the truth (or [Your] faithfulness. Cp. Prov. 22:21 = certainty, or exact, precise truth) Selah. (Connecting the gift, with the great and important object of it.)
5 That Your beloved may be delivered;
Save with Your right hand, and hear me.
6 God has spoken in His holiness; I will rejoice, (vv.6-9 refer to the promise of the possession of the whole of Canaan, confirmed in 2 Sam. 7:10. David here encourages himself by it.)
I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth. (West and east of Jordan)
7 Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine; (Eastern side.)
Ephraim also is the strength of my head;
Judah is my lawgiver; (Western side. Cp. Gen. 49:10. Num. 21:18. Deut. 33:21.)
8 Moab is my footbath;
Over Edom (spoken of as the chattels of a conqueror [2 Sam. 8:12-14]) will I cast out my shoe (idiom for taking possession):
Philistia, triumph you because of me.
9 Who will bring me into the strong city? (Probably Sela or Petra, corresponding with Edom [cp. 2 Kings 14:7]. David claims the promise of Num. 24:18)
Who will lead me into Edom?
10 Will not You, O God, which had cast us off?
And You, O God, which did not go out with our armies? 11 Give us succor out of trouble:
For vain is the deliverance (or salvation) of man.
12 Through God we shall do valiantly:
For He it is that shall tread down our enemies.