X A 1-. Halleluyah. B -1-3. Exhortation to praise. C 4,5. Prayer. D t1 6,7. Sin. u 8-12. Nevertheless. E1 v1 13-16. Sin. w1 17,18. Punishment. v2 19-22. Sin. w2 23-. Punishment. F1 -23. Deliverance. Moses. E2 v3 24,25. Sin. w3 26,27. Punishment. v4 28,29-. Sin. w4 -29. Punishment. F2 30,31. Deliverance. Phinehas. E3 v5 32-. Sin. w5 -32,33.Punishment. v6 34-39. Sin. w6 40-42. F3 43-. Deliverance. "He". D t -43. Sin. u 44-46. Nevertheless. C 47. Prayer. B 48-. Exhortation to praise. A -48. Halleluyah.
1 Praise you THE LORD. (Hallelu-yah)
O give thanks to the LORD; for He is good:
For His loving-kindness (or grace) endures for ever.
2 Who can utter the mighty acts of the LORD?
Who can show forth all His praise?
3 Oh how happy are they that keep judgment,
And he that does righteousness at all times.
4 Remember me, O LORD, with the favor that You bear to Your people:
O visit me with Your salvation;
5 That I may see the good of Your chosen,
That I may rejoice in the gladness of Your nation,
That I may glory with Your inheritance. (Note the 3 names of Yahaveh's People.)
6 We have sinned with our fathers,
We have committed iniquity, we have done lawlessly. (Note the 3 classes of ill-doing.)
7 Our fathers understood not Your wonders in Egypt; (It took 40 hours to take Israel out of Egypt, but 40 years to take Egypt out of Israel.)
They remembered not the multitude of Your mercies;
But rebelled at the sea, even at the Red sea.
8 Nevertheless He saved them for His name's sake,
That He might make His mighty power to be known.
9 He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up:
So He led them through the depths, as through the wilderness.
10 And He saved them from the hand of him that hated them,
And redeemed them (as kinsman, see Ex. 6:6; 13:13) from the hand of the enemy.
11 And the waters covered their adversaries:
There was not one of them left.
12 Then believed they His words;
They sang His praise.
13 They soon forgot His works; (Characteristic of human nature.)
They waited not for His counsel:
14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness,
And tempted GOD in the desert.
15 And He gave them their request;
But sent leanness into their soul.
16 They envied Moses also in the camp,
And Aaron the saint (separated one, see Ex. 3:5) of the LORD.
17 The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan
And overwhelmed the company of Abiram. (Korah not mentioned: not because of being an "older tradition" [as alleged], but because the sons of Korah" were spared. See Ps. 42 Title, and cp. Num. 16:1-35 and 26:11)
18 And a fire was kindled in their company;
The flame burned up the wicked.
19 They made a calf in Horeb, (Horeb was the higher name ["the mount of God", Ex. 3:1. 1 Kings 19:8], in order to show the highness of the sin.)
And worshiped the molten image.
20 Thus they changed My glory (put for God Himself, Who was and should have been He Whom they gloried in.)
Into the similitude of an ox that eats grass.
21 They forgot GOD their savior,
Which had done great things in Egypt;
22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham,
And terrible things by the Red sea.
23 Therefore He said that He would destroy them,
Had not Moses His chosen (not theirs) stood before Him in the breach,
To turn away His wrath, lest He should destroy them.
24 Yes, they despised the pleasant land,
They believed not His word:
25 But murmured in their tents,
And they hearkened not to the voice of the LORD.
26 Therefore He lifted up His hand against them,
To overthrow them in the wilderness:
27 To disperse their seed also among the nations,
And to scatter them in the lands.
28 They joined themselves also unto Baalpeor, (Cp. Num. 25:2,3.)
And ate the sacrifices of the dead. (This pertains to necromancy. Cp. Deut. 18:11; Isa. 8;19.)
29 Thus they irritated Him to anger with their doings:
And the plague broke in upon them.
30 Then stood up Phinehas (Cp. Num. 25:7,8.), and executed judgment:
And so the plague was stayed.
31 And that was counted to him for righteousness (Cp. Num. 25:12,13)
To all generations for evermore.
32 They caused indignation to Him also at the waters of strife (Moriah, Num. 20:2-13),
So that it fared ill with Moses for their sakes:
33 Because they provoked his (i.e. Moses) spirit,
So that he spoke unadvisedly (a very rare Hebrew word. Occurs only here in the Psalms) with his lips.
34 They did not destroy the peopless, (Cp. Judg. 1:21-29,&c. The Canaanite nations)
Concerning whom the LORD commanded them: (Cp. Ex. 23:32,33: and often repeated)
35 But were mingled among the nations, (i.e. the nations of Canaan)
And learned their works.
36 And they served their idols:
And they became a snare to them.
37 Yes, they sacrificed their sons and their daughters to demons, (Cp. Deut. 32:17.)
38 And shed innocent blood, even the blood of their sons and of their daughters,
Whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan:
And the land was polluted (the strongest word that could be used. Cp. Num. 35:33. Isa. 24:5) with blood.
39 Thus were they defiled with their own works,
And went a whoring with their own inventions.
40 Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against His people,
Insomuch that He abhorred His own inheritance.
41 And He gave them into the hand of the nations (Canaanite);
And they that hated them ruled over them.
42 Their enemies also oppressed them,
And they were brought into subjection under their hand.
43 Many times did He rescue them; (Cp. Judg. 2:16. Neh. 9:27.)
But they rebelled against Him with their counsel,
And were brought low for their iniquity.
44 Nevertheless He regarded their affliction,
When He heard their cry:
45 And he remembered for them His covenant,
And repented according to the multitude of His mercies.
46 He made them also to be pitied (Cp. 2 Kings 25:27-30. Daniel, Nehemiah, Esther, Ezra; showing that the prayer of Solomon was answered [1 Kings 8:50)
Of all those that carried them captives.
47 Save us, O LORD our God,
And gather us from among the heathen, (The Spirit of God spoke by the prophets. David was a prophet [Acts 2:30,31]. Moreover, the Dispersion was well known, being foretold in Deut. 28;64.)
to give thanks to Your holy name,
And to triumph in Your praise.
48 Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting to everlasting: (This Doxology closes this 4th book. Cp. the closing Psalms of the other books)
And let all the people say, Amen.
Praise you THE LORD (Yah).