a p 1-3. Command. Passover. q 4,5. Obedience rendered. p 6-8. Obedience hindered. q 9-14. Command. Second Passover.
21-22 thru 28-29th of March, 1490 B.C.
1 And the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai (see 1:1. During the first week of Aaron' consecration), in the first month of the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt (therefore before the numbering which was on the first day of the second month, 1:1,2. The observance mentioned here in connection with the second passover, a month later, vv.6-11), saying,
2 "Let the sons of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season.
3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at evening, you all shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall you all keep it."
4 And Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, that they should keep the passover.
3-4th of April, 1490 B.C.
5 And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai (the 2nd of 10 recorded. See Ex. 12:18,28. Lev. 23:5. Num. 28:16. Deut. 16:2, and cp. 7:89 - 9:14): according to all that the Lord commanded Moses, so did the sons of Israel.
6 And there were certain men (probably Mishael and Elizaphan, who had buried Nadab and Abihu [Lev.10:1-4]; they were thus rendered unclean, and could not keep the passover [Num. 19:11; 5:2]), who were defiled for touching the dead body (soul) of a man, that they could not keep the passover on that day: and they came before Moses and before Aaron on that day:
7 And those men said to him, "We are defiled by the dead body (soul) of a man: why are we kept back, that we may not offer an offering of the Lord in his appointed season among the sons of Israel?"
8 And Moses said to them, "Stand still, and I will hear what the Lord will command concerning you."
9 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
10 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body (soul), or be in a journey, yet he shall keep the passover to the Lord.
11 The fourteenth day of the second month at evening (3-4th May, therefore a month later than the appointed time [v.1]) they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
12 They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the passover they shall keep it.
13 But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and forbears to keep the passover, even the same soul shall be cut off from among his people: because he brought not the approach offering of Yehovah in his appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.
14 And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover to the Lord ; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: you all shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.
D G¹ 15-. Time: "on the day". H¹ -15. Event - Cloud and fire. G² 16-. Time: "alway". H² -16. Event - Cloud and fire. G³ 17. Time: when cloud taken up. H³ 18-. Event - They journeyed. G4 -18-20-. Time: alternations. H4 -20. Event - Command to journey. G5 21,22. Time: alternations. H5 23. Event - Command to rest.
15 And on the day that the dwelling place (of Yahaveh. i.e. the tabernacle) came to be reared up (i.e. remained) the cloud covered the dwelling place, namely, the tent of the testimony:
and at evening there was upon the dwelling place as it were the appearance of fire, until the morning.
16 So it was always:
the cloud covered it by day, and the appearance of fire by night.
17 And when the cloud was taken up from the tent of the congregation, then after that the sons of Israel journeyed: and in the place where the cloud abode, there the sons of Israel pitched their tents.
18 At the commandment of the Lord the sons of Israel journeyed, and at the commandment of the Lord they encamped:
as long as the cloud abode upon the dwelling place they rested in their tents.
19 And when the cloud tarried long upon the dwelling place many days, then the sons of Israel kept the charge of the Lord, and journeyed not.
20 And so it was, when the cloud was a few days upon the dwelling place (Heb. = "days of number", i.e. days easily counted);
according to the commandment of the Lord they abode in their tents, and according to the commandment of the Lord they journeyed.
21 And so it was, when the cloud abode from evening unto the morning, and that the cloud was taken up in the morning, then they journeyed: whether it was by day or by night that the cloud was taken up, they journeyed.
22 Or whether it were two days, or a month, or a year, that the cloud tarried upon the dwelling place, remaining thereon, the sons of Israel abode in their tents (cp. Ex.40:34-38), and journeyed not: but when it was taken up, they journeyed.
23 At the commandment of the Lord they rested in the tents, and at the commandment of the Lord they journeyed: they kept the charge of the Lord, at the commandment of the Lord by the hand of Moses (= meditation, or ministry; "hand" put by Fig. Metonymy [of Cause]).