B f 1-4. Their plea. g 5. Reference to Yahaveh. f 6,7. Answer to plea. g 8-11. Statute of Yahaveh.
1: Then came the daughters of Zelophehad (cp. 26:33. Josh. 17:3), the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph:
and these are the names of his daughters; Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Tirzah.
2: And they stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, by the entrance of the tent of the congregation, saying,
3: “Our father died in the wilderness (cp. 26:64,65), and he was not in the company of them that gathered themselves together against the Lord in the company of Korah; but died in his own sin, and had no sons.
4: Why should the name of our father be done away from among his family, because he has no son? Give to us therefore a possession among the brethren of our father.”
5: And Moses brought their cause before the Lord.
6: And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
7: “The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: you shall surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father's brethren (see Gen. 26:28. This command was obeyed in Josh. 17:4); and you shall cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them.
8: And you shall speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘If a man die, and have no son, then you all shall cause his inheritance to pass to his daughter.
9: And if he has no daughter, then you all shall give his inheritance to his brethren.
10: And if he has no brethren, then you all shall give his inheritance to his father's brethren.
11: And if his father have no brethren, then you all shall give his inheritance to his kinsman that is next to him of his family (cp. Lev. 18:6), and he shall possess it: and it shall be to the sons of Israel a statute of judgment (cp. 35:29), according to what the Lord commanded Moses.’ ”
B³ A 27:12-23. Event: Moses' successor appointed. B 28:1-29:40. Laws as to offerings (necessary). B 30:1-16. Laws as to vows (voluntary). A 31:1-54. Event: Moses' vengeance on Midianites.
A h i 12-14. Warning to Moses. k 15-17. Response of Moses. h i 18-21. Appointment of Joshua. k 22,23. Obedience.
12: And the Lord said to Moses, “Get you up into this mount Abarim (Heb. = regions
beyond), and see the land which I have given to the sons of Israel.
13: And when you have seen it, you also shall be gathered to your People, as Aaron your brother was gathered.(cp. 20:14)
14: For you both rebelled against My commandment (Heb. "mouth" Fig. put for, out of what is spoken by it) in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify Me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah (cp. Ex. 17:7. Of another Meribah) in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.”
15: And Moses spoke to the Lord, saying,
16: “Let the Lord, the God (Elohim = God, the Creator of men and the spirits of men [Gen.2:7], Who gives the spirit to man, and takes it to Himself again [Ecc. 12:6,7], and Who gives all gifts of the Spirit [1 Cor. 14:12] ) of the spirits (plural of Heb. rûach) of all flesh, visit a man over the congregation (i.e provide or appoint),
17: Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them (Fig., put for life in general, especially all official movements, and actions), and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the Lord be not as sheep which have no shepherd.”
18: And the Lord said to Moses, “Take you Joshua the son of Nun (= savior, or whose help is Yahaveh, see Ex.17:9), a man in whom is the spirit (Fig., put here for the gifts of the Holy Spirit: here a spirit of "wisdom" [Deut. 34:9]), and lay your hand upon him;
19: And set him before Eleazar the priest (because he had the breastplate with the Urim and the Thummim, and could alone give Joshua the decision or "judgment" of Yahaveh), and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.
20: And you shall put some of your honor upon him, that all the congregation of the sons of Israel may be obedient.
21: And take his stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask judgment by him for the judgment of the Urim before the Lord (see Ex.28:30): at his word shall they go out, and at the commandment (i.e. of the Urim) they shall come in, both he, and all the sons of Israel with him, even all the congregation.”
22: And Moses did as the Lord commanded him: and he took Joshua, and appointed him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation:
23: And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the Lord commanded by the hand of Moses (Fig., i.e. by the instrumentality or agency of the hand..)