1 Now it came to pass, when the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, and the porters and the singers and the Levites were appointed,
2 That I gave my brother Hanani (he must have returned to Jerusalem with Nehemiah. Cp. 1:2), even Hananiah the ruler of the stronghold (Cp. 2:8. North of the Temple area), charge over Jerusalem: for he was as [it were] truth's own man, and revered God (Elohim) above many.
3 And I said to them, "Let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot; and while they stand by (as on guard), let them shut the doors, and bar them: and appoint watches of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, every one in his watch, and every one to be over against his dwelling."
4 Now the city was wide and large: but the people were few therein (this could not have been said if Zerubbabel had already returned with nearly 50,000 people [Ezra 2:64-67]), and the houses were not built.
J B 5-. Assembly and genealogy. C -5-7. Register. Found (General). C 8-69. Register. Contents (Particular). B 70-73. Assembly. Contributors.
(This portion corresponds with Ezra 1:5-2:70. Therefore all the precedes [1:1-7:] must come, chronologically, before Ezra 1:5. Nehemiah's record here interrupted, and resumed after some 12 years. See 5:14. This portion was written after the Temple had been rebuilt [cp. 8:5,16], when Darius Hystaspis was reigning)
5 And my God put into mine heart to gather together the nobles, and the rulers, and the people, that they might be reckoned by genealogy.
And I found (this account probably written long after this date ; say, between 404 and 400 B.C.) a register (which is here inserted. It consist of Judah and Benjamin. Levi was here not a distinct community [cp. Deut. 10:8,9) of the genealogy of them which came up at the first, and found written therein,
6 These are the sons of the province, that went up out of the captivity, of those that had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away, and came again to Jerusalem and to Judah, every one to his city;
7 Who came with Zerubbabel (this was in 426 B.C. The covenant and seperation did not take place till 404 B.C. 22 years later [ch. 10 were Zerubbabel is not mentioned, probably because then]), Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah. The number, I say, of the men of the people of Israel was this; (another proof that Israel is not exclusively used of the 10 tribes. See 1 Kings 12:17. The names are repeated from Ezra 2. See v.66)
C e1 8-62. Names found. f1 63-65. Not found. Priests. e2 66. Names found. Sum. f2 67. Not found. Servants and strangers. e3 68,69. Possessions. Animals.
8 The sons of Parosh, two thousand an hundred seventy and two.
9 The sons of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.
10 The sons of Arah, six hundred fifty and two.
11 The sons of Pahathmoab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand and eight hundred and eighteen.
12 The sons of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
13 The sons of Zattu, eight hundred forty and five.
14 The sons of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.
15 The sons of Binnui, six hundred forty and eight.
16 The sons of Bebai, six hundred twenty and eight.
17 The sons of Azgad, two thousand three hundred twenty and two.
18 The sons of Adonikam, six hundred threescore and seven.
19 The sons of Bigvai, two thousand threescore and seven.
20 The sons of Adin, six hundred fifty and five.
21 The sons of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.
22 The sons of Hashum, three hundred twenty and eight.
23 The sons of Bezai, three hundred twenty and four.
24 The sons of Hariph, an hundred and twelve.
25 The sons of Gibeon, ninety and five.
26 The men of Bethlehem and Netophah, an hundred fourscore and eight.
27 The men of Anathoth, an hundred twenty and eight.
28 The men of Bethazmaveth, forty and two.
29 The men of Kirjathjearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred forty and three.
30 The men of Ramah and Gaba, six hundred twenty and one.
31 The men of Michmas, an hundred and twenty and two.
32 The men of Bethel and Ai, an hundred twenty and three.
33 The men of the other Nebo, fifty and two.
34 The sons of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
35 The sons of Harim, three hundred and twenty.
36 The sons of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.
37 The sons of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and one.
38 The sons of Senaah, three thousand nine hundred and thirty.
39 The priests: the sons of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.
40 The sons of Immer, a thousand fifty and two.
41 The sons of Pashur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven.
42 The sons of Harim, a thousand and seventeen.
43 The Levites: the sons of Jeshua, of Kadmiel, and of the children of Hodevah, seventy and four.
44 The singers: the sons of Asaph, an hundred forty and eight.
45 The porters: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, the sons of Shobai, an hundred thirty and eight.
46 The Nethinims (Descendants of the Gibeonites and other foreigners. Only 612 returned from Babylon: 393 with Zerubbabel [Ezra 2:58. Neh. 11:21]. See Ezra 2:43): the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hashupha, the sons of Tabbaoth,
47 The sons of Keros, the sons of Sia, the sons of Padon,
48 The sons of Lebana, the sons of Hagaba, the sons of Shalmai,
49 The sons of Hanan, the sons of Giddel, the sons of Gahar,
50 The sons of Reaiah, the sons of Rezin, the sons of Nekoda,
51 The sons of Gazzam, the sons of Uzza, the sons of Phaseah,
52 The sons of Besai, the sons of Meunim, the sons of Nephishesim,
53 The sons of Bakbuk, the sons of Hakupha, the sons of Harhur,
54 The sons of Bazlith, the sons of Mehida, the sons of Harsha,
55 The sons of Barkos, the sons of Sisera, the sons of Tamah,
56 The sons of Neziah, the sons of Hatipha.
57 The sons of Solomon's servants: the sons of Sotai, the sons of Sophereth, the sons of Perida,
58 The sons of Jaala, the sons of Darkon, the sons of Giddel,
59 The sons of Shephatiah, the sons of Hattil, the sons of Pochereth of Zebaim, the sons of Amon.
60 All the Nethinims, and the sons of Solomon's servants, were three hundred ninety and two.
61 And these were they which went up also from Telmelah, Telharesha, Cherub, Addon, and Immer: but they could not shew their father's house, nor their seed, whether they were of Israel.
62 The sons of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the sons of Nekoda, six hundred forty and two.
63 And of the priests: the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Koz, the sons of Barzillai, which took one of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite to wife, and was called after their name.
64 These sought their register wherein they were registered (cp. Ezra 2:62), but it was not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.
65 And the Tirshatha (see Ezra 2:63) said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things (see Ex. 3:5), till there stood up a priest with the Urim and Thummim. (See Ex. 28:30. Num. 26:55)
66 The whole assembly together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore, (See Ezra 2:64)
67 Beside their man-servants and their maidservants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and they had two hundred forty and five singing men and singing women.
68 Their horses, seven hundred thirty and six: their mules, two hundred forty and five:
69 Their camels, four hundred thirty and five: six thousand seven hundred and twenty asses.
70 And a portion of the chief of the fathers gave to the work (Nehemiah mentions what he, the chiefs, and the rest of the people gave. Ezra [2:68,69] mentions what only one portion gave. Hence the numbers are necessarily different). The Tirshatha gave to the treasure a thousand drams (1 dram = a gold coin worth $5.28 approx.) of gold, fifty basons, five hundred and thirty priests' garments.
71 And some of the chief of the fathers gave to the treasure of the work twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand and two hundred pound of silver. (1 1/4 lbs.)
72 And that which the rest of the people gave was twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand pound of silver, and threescore and seven priests' garments.
73 So the priests, and the Levites, and the porters, and the singers, and some of the people, and the Nethinims (see Ezra 2:43), and all Israel, dwelt in their cities;
G U 7:-73-8:1-. The solemn assembly. V 8:-1-12. The 1st day. V 8:13-18-. The 2nd and following days. U 8:-18. The solemn assembly.
and when the seventh month came, the children of Israel were in their cities.