D C n 1. Return from Jordan. o 2-. Time. Duration. D¹ p¹ -2. The Occasion. Hunger. q¹ 3. The 1st Temptation. r1 4. The Answer. D² p² 5. The Occasion. Vision. q² 6,7. The 2nd Temptation. r² 8. The Answer. D³ p³ 9-. The Occasion. Station. q³ -9-11. The 3rd Temptation. r³ 12. The Answer. C o 13. Time. Intermission. n 14-. Return in power of the Spirit.
1 And Jesus (Gr. Iesous is the same as Heb. Yashua, and means Salvation of Yahaveh, or Yahaveh the Savior) being full of the the power on high returned from Jordan, and was led by the Holy Spirit Himself into (the Holy Spirit not only led Him "into" the wilderness but guided Him when there. Are you guided by the Holy Spirit? Do you take Him with you?) the wilderness, [and was there in the wilderness],
2 Being forty days (40 = probation. Cp. Ex. 34:28. Num. 14:34. 1 Kings 18:8) troubled and tried by the devil (here named because these 3 temptations came before the 3 recorded in Matthew 4). And in those days he did eat not anything:
and when they were ended, he afterward hungered. (Adam was tempted by Satan and was deceived. Here Christ is tempted by Satan and shows you how to handle it. His way is our way, its the path we are to take. If you take note of the way He did handle it, you won't have any problems with it. Make sure you have the Spirit with you when you are tempted, otherwise you are going to lose because flesh cannot, without the touch of the Holy Spirit, overcome the things of this world. much of your flesh life is a trial period. Satan is a thief, robber, ans a murderer. He will cut you off from all blessings because misery loves company.)
3 And the devil said to him, "If You be the Son of God (referring to 3:22), command this stone ("these stones" in Matt. 4:3) that it be made bread."
4 And Jesus answered to him, saying, "It stands written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every saying of God." (Quoted from Deut. 8:3)
5 And the devil, leading Him up into an high mountain, shewed to Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. (Occ. only here)
6 And the devil said to Him, "All this authority will I give You (in Matt. "these things"), and the glory of them: for that is delivered to me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. (this was not repeated on the subsequent occasion [Matt. 4:9])
7 If You therefore will worship before me (the condition hypothetical), all shall be Yours."
8 And Jesus answered and said to him, "Get You behind me, Satan (but the devil did not do so yet. He left on his own accord [v.12]): for it is written, 'You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only shall you serve.' " (See Deut. 6:13; 10:20)
9 And he led Him to Jerusalem, and set Him on a pinnacle (see Matt. 4:5) of the temple (see Matt. 23:16),
and said to Him, "If You be the Son of God, cast Yourself down here:
10 For it is written (Ps. 91:11,12. Satan quotes Scripture, but what does he do when he does this? He twists it a little bit. If you are Biblically illiterate you wont recognize it. Sounds so Holy, but you better know who's quoting it.), 'He shall give his angels charge concerning You, to keep You: (This is a lie, missing "in all Your ways". Also leaves out v.13 of Ps. 91)
11 And on their hands they shall bear You up, lest at any time You dash Your foot against a stone.' " (This is added)
12 And Jesus answering said to him, "It has been said, 'Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.' " (Deut. 6:16)
13 And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed (oh his own accord. See Matt. 4:10) from Him until a convenient time. See Matt. 4:11 Returning again and repeating the 3 temptations in a different order and under different circumstances. (He went to work up the Kenites and others to crucify Him. See Rev. 12:7)
14 And Jesus returned in the power (Gr. dunamis, from where our "dynamite" comes from) of the Spirit into Galilee:
E F 4:-14-5:11. The 1st Period. Subject: The Kingdom. Its Proclamation. G 5:12-9:21. The 2nd Period. Subject: The King. Proclaimed. His Person. Teaching and Miracles. G 9:22-18:43. The 3rd Period. Subject: The Rejection of the King. F 19:1-22:38. The 4th Period. Subject: the Rejection of the Kingdom. Parables, revealing the coming change of dispensation in which the Kingdom would be in abeyence.
F E¹ 4:-14-30. Nazareth. Proclamation. E² 4:31-44. Capernaum. Miracles. E³ 5:1-11. Gennesaret. Call of Peter.
E¹ F -14,15. Return to Galilee. G 17-26. Proclamation. G 28,29. Rejection. F 30. Departure from Nazareth.
and there went out a report (He was liked by all) concerning Him through all the region round about. (In Luke [as in the other Gospels] only those events are selected which tend to illustrate the special presentation of the Lord and His ministry. Cp. the commencing events of each: Matt. 4:13. Mark 1:14. Luke 4:-14-30. John 1:19-43. Thus this 1st period commences and its subject, as stated more precisely in vv. 43,44.)
15 And He Himself taught in their synagogues (This is the 1st duty of a priest or pastor), being glorified of all.
G H¹ 16-20-. Prophecy. Given. J¹ -20. Effect. Attention. H² 21. Prophecy. Fulfillment. J¹2; 22. Effect. Wonder. H³ 23-27. Prophecy. Application.
H¹ K 16. Reading. Intention. L 17. Book given. K 17,18. Reading. Act. L 20-. Book returned.
16 And He came to the Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, according to custom, He went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read aloud. (Being summoned by the superintendent [v.17]. This incident [vv. 16-31] is peculiar to Luke. The Lord preached in other synagogues, but read only here in Nazareth, which shows that He owned, and was owned, to be a member of this. Not everybody could at this time)
17 And there was further delivered to Him (i.e. the prophets [the Haphtorah], the 2nd lesson after another had read the Law [the Parashah of 1st lesson]. This delivery was made by the chazen = overseer, or Sheliach tzibbor, angel of the congregation. See Rev. 2:1,8,12,18; 3:1,7,14) the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had unrolled the book, He found the place where it stood written, (Isa. 61:1,2)
18 "The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, on account of which He has anointed Me (hence His name "Christ". Cp. Acts 10:38) to announce the glad tidings to the poor; (note the sevenfold Prophecy) He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind (spiritually blind also), to send away in discharge the oppressed (or broken. This is added from Isa. 58:6, making the quotation "compound". This form of reading was allowed and provided for),
19 To preach the welcome year of the Lord." (Either the Jubilee year [Lev. 25:8-17], or on account of the Lord's ministry commencing then. Christ stopped here. He did not continue to Isaiah 61:2 concerning the day of vengeance. His mission in the 1st advent was not to proclaim the day of vengeance. He is not coming to us as a babe to be crucified in the 2nd advent. Christ is coming to perform the day of vengeance. Will he burn the wicked from within immediately? No, Christ and His priest will each for one thousand years to save as many as will be saved from the 2nd death. Will you have a part in that ministry?)
20 And He rolled up the book (Because it was not yet manifest whether the King and the Kingdom would be received or rejected. This is the so called "Gap theory"), and He gave it again to the servant, who put it away (Not the President, who first received it from the servant and "delivered" it to the reader), and sat down. (i.e. to teach)
And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were continued fixed on Him. (Almost peculiar to Luke. See 22:56, and 10 times in Acts. Elsewhere only in 2 Cor. 3:7,13)
21 And He began to say to them that (note the force of "that", and see 19:9. Mark 14:30, and contrast 22:34, and Matt. 21:28), "This day is this scripture (not the next clause of Isa. 61:2, which He did not read. That was then doubtful, and is now postponed) fulfilled in your ears." (From that day to this day, Christianity delivers those that believe from bondage. Obviously, Jesus stopped reading where He did because the day of vengeance is prophecy yet to be fulfilled.)
22 And all bare Him witness, and wondered at the words of grace which proceeded out of His mouth. And they said, "Is not this Joseph's son?" (See 8:23. How many times have you gone to someone's home to plant a seed and explain what actually happened in the garden of Eden? Sometimes, the truth falls on open ears; however, more than not, the persons you are speaking to think to themselves, "Who does this guy or gal think they are? He is my neighbor not my preacher." Take comfort in Christ's teaching. The same thing happened to Him. And, you nor I are a better teacher than Christ. Be patient.)
H³ M¹ 23,24. Declaration. M² Illustration.
23 And He said to them, "You will doubtless say to Me this parable, 'Physician, heal thyself:' (see Col. 4:14) whatsoever we have heard being done in Capernaum (Silence there is no proof of ignorance), do here also in Your country." (They are asking Jesus to perform some miracles for them.)
24 And He said, "Truly I say to you, That no prophet is accepted (or welcome) in his own country. (Cp. Matt. 13:57 [later])
M² s 25. Israel. Widows. t 26. Sidon. " s 27-. Israel. Lepers. t -27. Syria. "
25 But I tell you in truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah (see 1 Kings 17:1,8,9,; 18:1. James 5:17), when the heaven was shut up three years and six months (an ominous period. Cp. Dan. 12:7. Rev. 12:2,3; 13:5), and there arose great famine was over all the land; (Remember what the famine in the end time is [Amos 8:11]. The widow is symbolic of those that wait for the True Husband to return.)
26 And to none of them was Elijah sent, [but (used, not in the sense of limitation, but of exclusion, as in Gal.2:16) he was sent] to Sarepta (Zarephath, 1 Kings 17:9. Now Surafend, in ruins), a city of Sidon, to a woman that was a widow. (Elijah wasn't sent to everyone. God pulls out His anointed. Don't get the big head. God expects more from those that receive more from Him.)
27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet;
and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian. (see 2 Kings 5. Naaman the Syrian almost blew his chance. The leper Naaman traveled a great distance seeking Elisha's help. Elisha tolh him to dunk himself 7 times in the Jordan River. Naaman started to leave, but his servants talked him into at least trying Elisha's method. Naaman was cleansed. Learn a lesson. Sometimes we aren't clear as to what God would have us do. Don't question. Just do it. Sometimes, we aren't the great seed planted that we think we should be. None of us are; however, we must do the best we can with the blessings God gives us Those that God has chosen understand this. Just as Elijah was only sent to the widow, we are sent to pull out those with eyes to see and ears to hear. Only God is able to germinate seeds and make them grow. Don't be too disappointed in yourself, when the seeds you plant don't germinate. Take comfort in knowing everyone will have eyes to see and ears to hear in the millennium.)
28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,
29 And rose up, and cast Him outside of the city, and led Him to an overhanging brow (a medical word used of the eyebrows because of their hanging over. At Nazareth it is no beneath, but hangs over the town about 40 feet) of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast Him down headlong. (Gr. Katakrēmnizō. Occ. only here in the N.T.)
30 But He passing through the midst of them (doubtless the eyes of the people were upon Him. See 24:16. Cp. John 8:59; 10:39,40 [cp. Pss. 18:29; 37:33]) went away, (Probably never to return)
E² N 31. The Lord's fame. O u 32-. Its Effect. Astonishment. v -32. Reason. Power. P 33-35. Miracle. Demoniac. O u 36-. Its Effect. Amazement. v -36. Reason. Authority. N 37. The Lord's teaching. P 38-44. Miracles. Various.
31 And came down (cp. Mark 1:21-28 with vv.31-37) to Capernaum (the 2nd place of His ministry), a city of Galilee (= circuit), and was teaching (i.e. continuously) them on the sabbath days.
32 And they were astonished (cp. Matt. 7:28) at His teaching:
for His word was with authority.
33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean demon, and cried out with a loud voice,
34 Saying, "Ah! what have we to do with You (see 2 Sam. 16:10), You Jesus (Demons and Gadarenes, and His enemies could thus irreverently use His name, but His Disciples with true reverence called him "Master", or "Lord" [John 13:13]) of Nazareth? are You come to destroy us? (cp. James 2:19) I know You who you are; the Holy One of God." (Cp. 1:35. Ps. 16:10)
35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Be muzzled (as in 1 Cor. 9:9. Cp. Mat.. 22:12,34. Mark 1:25), and come out of him." And when the demon had thrown (Gr. rhiptō, the medical word for convulsions) him into the midst, he came away from him, and hurt him in no possible manner.
36 Astonishment came upon all, and spoke to one another, saying, "What is this word, that?
for with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out."
37 And the noise (or ringing in the ears. Gr. ēchos;, a medical word. See Acts 2:3, and Heb. 12:19) of Him went out into every place of the country round about.
P w 38. Place. Simon's house. x 39-41. Miracle. w 42. Place. Desert. x 43,44. Proclamation.
38 And He arose [and went] out of the synagogue (Cp. Matt. 8:14-17. Mark 1:29-34), and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was oppressed with a great fever (cp. Acts 28:8. Almost exclusive to Luke, who uses the word 9 times; only 3 times elsewhere, Matt. 24:4. 2 Cor. 5:14. Phil. 1:23 [being in a straight]); and they besought Him concerning her.
39 And He stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered to them.
40 Now when the sun was setting (they waited for the end of the Sabbath), all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them to Him; and He laid His hands on every one of them, and healed them.
41 And demons also came out of many, screaming (inarticulately]), and saying that, "You are Messiah the Son of God." And He rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that He was Christ.
42 And when it was day, He departed and went into a desert place: and the people sought Him, and came up to Him, and held Him fast (see 2 Thess. 2:6), that He should not depart from them.
43 And He said to them that, "I must preach the kingdom of God to different cities also: because for this am I sent." (thirst is the subject of the 1st Period of His ministry)
44 And He was proclaiming in the synagogues of Galilee.