F N 1-. Occasion. The Lord praying. O -1-. Request made. N -1. Precedent. John's teaching. O 2-13. Request complied with.
1 And it came to pass, that, in His praying in a certain place, as He ceased, one of His disciples said to Him,
"Lord, teach us to pray,
even as John also taught his disciples."
O P¹ 2-4. Example. P² 5-13. Illustration. Parable.
2 And He said to them, "When you pray, say, 'Our Father Which is in the heaven, Sanctified be Your name (see Ps. 20:1). Let Your kingdom come. Your will come to pass, as in heaven, so upon earth.
3 Give us according to the day our daily bread. (Put for food in general)
4 And forgive (see 3:3. Jas. 5:15) us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And bring us not into trial (or testing); but deliver us away from the evil." (Or, the evil one, denoting active harmfulness)
P² j 5-8. The Friend. k 9,10. Application. j 11,12. The Father. k 13. Application.
(Verses 5-10 peculiar to Luke)
5 And He said to them, "Which among you shall have a friend, and shall go to him at midnight, and say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves;
6 Since a friend of mine in his journey is come to me, and I have not what I may set before him?'
7 And he from within shall answer and say, 'Trouble me not: the door is already shut (the door would on no account be open to a stranger at night), and my children are with me in bed (a whole family will sleep in 1 room, in the garments worn by day, in 1 large bed); I am not able to rise and give you.'
8 I say to you, Though he will not rise and give him, on account of he is his friend, yet because of his shamefulness he will rise and give him as many as he need.
9 And I say to you, Ask (always used of an inferior to a superior. Never used of the Lord to the Father), and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you.
10 For every one that asks receives; and he that seeks finds; and to him that knocks it shall be opened.
11 Shall a son ask bread of which of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish also, will he instead of a fish give him a serpent?
12 Or if he shall ask an egg, will he give to him a scorpion?
13 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children: how much more shall your out of heaven Father give the spiritual gifts to them that ask Him? (Note the 5 contrasts)
G Q 11:14-. Miracle. The Dumb Man. R 11:-14-36. The evil generation. S T 11:37. Occasion. In the Pharisee's house. U 11:39-54. Colloquies. S T 12:1-. Occasion. The Multitudes outside. U 12:-1-59. Address. R 13:1-5. The evil generation. Q 13:6-9. Parable. The Fig-tree.
14 And He was casting out an evil spirit, and it was dumb. And it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb [man] spoke;
R V -14. Wonder of the People. W 15,16. The evil Generation. Manifested. X 17-26. The Lord's answer to their thoughts. V 27,28. Exclamation of the Woman. W 29-. The evil Generation. Exposed. X -29-35. T he Lord's answer to their words [v.18].
and the people wondered.
15 But some of them said, "He casts out demons through Beelzebub (Satan. See Mat. 10:25) the chief of the demons."
16 And others, tempting Him, sought from Him a sign out of heaven.
X Y¹ 17-23. Confutation. Y² 24-26. Recrimination. Parable.
Y¹ l 17,18. The divided Kingdom. m 19,20. Application. l 21,22. The strong man's house. m 23. Application.
17 But He, knowing their intents (purposes, machinations), said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation (only here, Matt. 12:25; and Rev. 17:18; 18:17,19); and a house divided against a house falls. (If Jesus called on Satan to cast out demons, Satan wouldn't be interested in helping Jesus cast out his own friends. Jesus called on the power of God to cast the demons out.)
18 If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because you say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub. (See Matt. 10:26. Mark. 8:28-30)
19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? on this account shall they be your judges. (Their son's couldn't cast out devils.)
20 But if I by the finger of God (put for the Holy Spirit Himself) cast out devils (you can't do it, but He can through you.), no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you. (With suddenness and surprise. God placed all power and authority in the hands of Jesus.)
21 When the strong man fully armed (from head to foot. Cp. Matt. 12:28) guards his own court, his possessions are in peace:
22 But as soon as a stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he takes away from him all his armor on which he had trusted, and divides his spoils. (If its not the finger of God, you lose. Based on you own powers, Satan is stronger than you. But Jesus Christ is able to crush Satan. In the name of Jesus Christ, you can crush San, as well. He gave you power. With the hand of God, you are stronger than Satan.)
23 He that is not with Me is against Me: and he that gathers not with Me scatters. (Beloved, the antichrist is coming. You will make a stand against him with the power and authority of the hand of God.)
Y² n 24-. Departure. o -24-. Search. For rest. p -24. Return. q 25. Condition. n 26-. Departure. o -26-. Search. For other spirits. p -26-. Return. q -26. Condition.
24 When the unclean demon is gone out away from a man,
he walks through waterless places, seeking rest; and finding not [any],
he says, 'I will return to my house from where I came out.'
25 And when he comes, he finds it swept and adorned.
26 Then goes he,
and takes to him seven different demons more wicked than himself;
and they enter in, and settle down there:
and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first." (If a person is cleansed, make sure you put Christ and the Holy Spirit in. See 10:18-20)
27 And it came to pass, in His speaking these things, a certain woman of the crowd lifted up her voice, and said to Him, "Happy is the womb that bare You, and the paps which You did sucked."
28 But He said, "Yes rather, happy are they that hear the word of God, and guard it." (Do it! Don't just hear it)
(Verses 29-36 peculiar to Luke.)
29 And when the people were gathering thick together, He began to say, "This is an evil generation (cp. Matt. 11:18,; 12:34): they seek a sign;
X Z¹ -29. The Sign. Jonah. Z² 30-32. The Signification. The Lord. Z³ 33-36. Illustration and Application.
and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. (He had given them life! What kind of sign would it take?)
Z² r¹ 30-. Jonah the prophet. s¹ -30. The Son of man. r² 31-. The Queen of the South. s² -31. The Son of man. r³ 32-. The Men of Nineveh. s³ -32. The Son of man.
30 For even as Jonas became a sign unto the Ninevites (they therefore must have known of the miracle connected with him. They repented),
so shall the Son of man also be to this generation. (Christ would be in the tomb 3 days and 3 nights and the Resurrect!)
31 The queen of the south (Sheba. see 1 Kings 10:1-18. 2 Chron. 9:1-12) shall rise up (from the dead) in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon;
and, behold, something than Solomon is here. (Messiah is here, there should have been no doubt.)
32 The men of Nineveh shall stand up as witnesses in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the proclamation of Jonas;
and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
Z³ A¹ 33. Illustration. Lamp in the house. A² 34-36. Application. Eye in the body.
33 No one, when he has lighted a lamp (repeated here from Matt. 5:15), puts it in a vault (or cellar), neither under the corn measure (see Matt. 5:15), but on the lampstand, that they which come in may see the light. (Light always dispels darkness, share it.)
A² B 34-. The Lamp. C t -34-. The eye [eyesight]. u -34-. The body. t -34-. The eye [eyesight]. u -34. The body. C v 35. Darkness. w 36-. Light. v -36-. Darkness. w -36-. Light. B -36. The Lamp.
34 The lamp of the body is the eye (mirror of the soul):
therefore when your eye is sound (referring to the eyesight as "good"),
your whole body also is illuminated (in and out);
but when your eye is evil,
your body also is dark. (When you become angry, light is shut out. Form of insanity)
35 See (investigate fully. Take sure aim) therefore that the light which is in you be not darkness. (Don't absorb wickedness for truth)
36 If you whole body therefore be full of light,
having no part dark (Don't let there be spots),
the whole shall be full of light,
as when the lamp with its brilliance may light you." (See Rom. 16:17)
37 And in His speaking, a certain Pharisee asked Him that He would take breakfast beside him (the morning meal after returning from the synagogue): and He went in, and reclined Himself.
U D¹ 38-52. Particular. D² 53,54. General.
D¹ E F 38. The Pharisee offended. G 39-44. The Lord's answer. E F 45. The Lawyer offended. G 46-52. The Lord's answer.
38 And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that He had not first performed His ceremonial ablution (Gr. baptizo - ritual. It was not an ordnance of God) before taking breakfast. (They were nit-pickers)
G x 39-41. Self-deception. Concealed wickedness. y 42. Woe. Inconsistency. Tithing. y 43. Woe. Pride. Uppermost seats. x 44. Self-deception. Concealed defilement.
39 And the Lord said to him, "Now do you Pharisees make clean (i.e. ceremonial clean) the outside of the cup and the dish (see Matt. 14:8); but your inward part is full of wicked greed. (He knew why He was invited. They had plains against Him)
40 Fools (= senseless ones), did not He that made that which is outside make that which is within also? (You don't wear your brains on the outside.)
41 Nevertheless [you say] give alms (This was the great meritorious work, supposed to cleanse or make amends for everything) of the things that are within; and, behold, all things are clean to you. (You clean the outside and you think by giving alms can buy your way into eternity, or buy cleanliness within. It must come from the Word. The Word cleanses)
42 But woe (next thing to a curse) to you, Pharisees! for you tithe (or pay to take tithes) mint and rue and every herb, and pass by justice (as in Mark 6:48) and the love of God (meaning the love required by God, as admitted by the lawyer [10:27]): these it behooved you to do, and not to leave the other aside. (You can't buy friends)
43 Woe to you, Pharisees! for you love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets. (They look so holy, put on fancy robes)
44 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! (the word not only means "false pretense", but positive impiety or wickedness) for you are as graves which are unseen (play-actors, whitewash), and the men who walk about above them are know not of them." (Walking dead)
45 Then answered one of the teachers of the law, and said to Him, "Teacher, these things saying You insult us also."
G H a 46-. Others laden. [Positive.] b -46. Themselves not helping. [Negative.] J 47,48. Superstition. J 49-51. Persecution. H b 52-. Themselves not entering. [Negative.] a -52. Others hindered. [Positive.]
46 And He said, "Woe to you also, you teachers of the law! for you lade men with burdens grievous to be borne (Traditions of men. this refers to the enumerable precepts of the Oral law, now embodied in the Talmud. Make it more difficult to understand. Twist the Word),
and you yourselves touch (= to touch lightly, a medical word, used of feeling the pulse or a sore place on the body. Occ. only here) not the burdens with one of your fingers.
47 Woe to you! for you are building the tombs of the prophets (see Matt. 23:29), and your fathers killed them. (Kenites, sons of Cain)
48 So then you bear witness and give your full approval to the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and you build their sepulchers. (See 2 Chron. 24:18-24)
49 Therefore also said the Wisdom of God (this is Christ Himself; for in Matt. 23:34 this is exactly what He did say. It is not a quotation from the O.T. or any apocryphal book), 'I will send to them prophets and apostles (This He did, in and during the dispensation of the Acts. See Eph. 2:20), and some of them they shall slay and persecute:
50 That the blood of all the prophets, which was poured out from the foundation of the world (see Prov. 2:22. Matt. 13:35), may be required of this generation;' (Offspring of Satan who killed Abel. See Matt. 11:16)
51 From the blood of Abel (Gen. 4:8) to the blood of Zacharias which perished between the altar (of burnt offering) and the Sanctuary (see Matt. 23:16): truly I say to you, It shall be required of this generation.
52 Woe to you, teachers of the law! for you have taken away the key of knowledge (put for entrance to and acquirement of knowledge. Cp. Mal. 2:8):
you entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in you forbade." (This is what not teaching chapter by chapter and verse by verse will do)
53 And as He was saying these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urgently press upon Him, and to provoke Him to speak concerning very many things: (Originally meaning to dictate what was to be written, it had become to mean "to examine by questioning a pupil as tho what he had been taught". Here, therefore, they were not questioning for information, but for grounds of accusation)
54 Watching Him, and seeking to catch (both are hunting expressions. Premeditating) something out of His mouth, that they might accuse Him. (This is why you must be knowledgeable in the Word of God.)