1451 B.C.

Joshua 11)

1: And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things (note the stages; #1. Jericho, unresisting; #2. Ai, a sortie; #3. Gibeon, confederacy; #4. Jabin, aggressive. Hazor, celebrated in Judg. 4:2,17),

11:-1-9. Kings.

U  t  u  -1-5. Kings assemblage.
       v  6-. Promise of Yahaveh. Given.
        w  -6. Command to Joshua.
   t  u  7. Kings smitten.
       v  8. Promise of Yahaveh. Fulfilled.
        w  9. Obedience of Joshua.

that he sent to Jobab (= a desert) king of Madon (= strife), and to the king of Shimron (= watch-height), and to the king of Achshaph (= fascination),
2: And to the kings that were on the north in the hill country, and in the low country south of Chinneroth (= circuit. Cp. Num. 34:11. Deut. 3:17. Afterward called Lake of Gennesareth, Sea of Galilee, and Sea of Tiberias [Matt.4:14-18,23), and in the uplands (Used only in connection with Dor. Heb. nphh. Cp. 12:23 "coast", and 1 Kings 4:11 "region"), and in the borders of Dor (= dwelling) on the sea (or coast),
3: And to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and to the Hivite under Hermon (= a peak, summit) in the land of Mizpeh (= Watch-tower).

1451 to 1444 B.C.

4: And they went out, they and all their hosts with them, much people, even as the sand that is upon the sea shore in multitude, with horses and chariots very many (Cp. v.4 with Rev. 20:8,9).
5: And when all these kings were met together (i.e. by appointment. Cp. Amos 3:3), they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom (= high place), to fight against Israel.

6: And the Lord said to Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel:

you shall hough their horses (= sever the hamstring), and burn their chariots with fire.

7: So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them.

8: And the Lord delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them to great Zidon (= fishing, or fishery), and to Misrephoth-maim (= the flow of waters. Salt, or glass, works), and to the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining.

9: And Joshua did to them according as the Lord bade him: he ham-stringed their horses, and burnt their chariots with fire.

10-15. Cities.

V  X  Y  x  10. Hazor taken.
          y  11-. Inhabitants slain.
           z  -11. Hazor burned.
            Z  12. Moses's command.
           z  13. Cities not burned.
   X  Y  x  14-. spoil taken.
          y  -14. Inhabitants slain.
            Z  15. Moses's command.

10: And Joshua at that time turned back, and took Hazor (= castle), and smote the king thereof with the sword: for Hazor before-time was the head of all those kingdoms.

11: And they smote all the souls that were therein with the edge (Heb. = mouth) of the sword, utterly destroying them: there was not any left to breathe:

and he burnt Hazor with fire.

12: And all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua take, and smote them with the edge of the sword, and he utterly destroyed them, according as Moses the servant of the Lord commanded (Cp. Num. 33:52. Deut. 7:2; 20:16,17. See also Structure, v.15, &c.).

13: But as for the cities that stood still in their strength, Israel burned none of them, save Hazor only; that did Joshua burn.

14: And all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, the sons of Israel took for a prey to themselves;

but every man they smote with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, neither left they any to breathe.

15: According as the Lord commanded Moses his servant (cp. Ex. 34:11), Moses command Joshua (cp. Deut. 7:2), and so did Joshua; he left nothing undone of all that the Lord commanded Moses.

16: So Joshua took all that land, the hill country, and all the south country, and all the land of Goshen, and the valley, and the plain, and the mountain of Israel, and the low country of the same;
17: Even from the mount Halak (= smooth), that goes up to Seir (= hairy, shaggy), even to Baal-gad (= lord of fortune) in the valley of Lebanon (= white) under mount Hermon: and all their kings he took, and smote them, and slew them.

18: Joshua made war many days with all those kings.

19: There was not a city that made peace with the sons of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all other they took in battle.
20: For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts (Because they were descendants of the Nephilim; and it was necessary for the Sword to destroy these, as the Flood those), that they should come against Israel in battle, that He might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favor, but that He might destroy them, according as the Lord commanded Moses.

11:2112:24. Conquest of Other Kings.

L  c  11:2112:1. General.
    d  12:2-6. Particular (East of Jordan).
   c  12:7,8. General.
    d  12:9-24-. Particular (West of Jordan).
   c  12:24. General.

21: And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains (= the descendants of the second incursion of evil angels [Gen. 6:4] through one Anak. See also Num.13:22 and Deut.1:28), from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah, and from all the hill country of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.
22: There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the sons of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained.
23: So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord said to Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes (cp. Num. 26:53. Some codices read "in their portions"). And the land rested from war.

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