G T 13:1-27. Symbolical. Girdle. Bottles. U 14:1 - 15:21. Literal. Drought. T 16:1-21. Symbolical. No wife. U 17:1-18. Literal. Sin of Judah.
T V¹ 1-11. The Girdle. V² 12-14. The Bottles. V³ 15-27. The Signification.
V¹ W 1-7-. The Girdle caused to cleave. Symbol. X q -7-. Girdle marred. " r -7. Girdle useless. " X q 8,9. People marred. Signification. r 10. People useless. " W 11. The People caused to cleave. "
1: Thus says the Lord to me, “Go and get you a linen girdle (soft girdles, made of silk or linen, still worn by upper classes. Cp. Ezek. 16:10. Some embroidered, Dan.10:5. ev.1:13; 15:6), and put it upon your loins, and put it not in water.” (so that the cause of its marring be not mistaken)
2: So I bought a girdle according to the word of the Lord, and put it on my loins.
3: And the word of the Lord came to me the second time, saying,
4: “Take the girdle that you have bought, which is upon your loins, and arise, go to Euphrates (on the road to Babylon, this river would be first met with Carchemish, then held by the Egyptians, 46:2), and hide it there in a hole of the rock.”
5: So I went, and hid it by Euphrates, according as the Lord commanded me.
6: And it came to pass after many days, that the Lord said to me, “Arise, go to Euphrates, and take the girdle from that place, which I commanded you to hide there.”
7: Then I went to Euphrates, and dug, and took the girdle from the place where I had hid it:
and, behold, the girdle was marred,
and it was profitable for nothing.
8: Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying,
9: “Thus says the Lord, After this manner will I mar the pride of Judah (see Lev.26:19), and the great pride of Jerusalem.
10: This evil People, which refuse to hear My words, which walk in the stubbornness of their heart (= mind), and walk after other gods, to serve them, and to worship them, shall even be as this girdle, which is good for nothing.
11: For as the girdle cleaves to the loins of a man, so have I caused to cleave to Me the whole house of Israel (see 2:4) and the whole house of Judah (see 3:18), [is] the Lord oracle; that they might be to Me for a People (see Ex.19:5), and for a name, and for a praise, and for a glory: but they would not hear.
V² Y¹ 12. Symbol. Bottles filled. Y² 13,14. Signification. People filled.
12: Therefore you shall speak to them this word; ‘Thus says the Lord God of Israel, Every bottle (= an earth-ware jar: not leathery or shin bottles) shall be filled with wine:’ and they shall say to you, ‘Do we not certainly know that every bottle shall be filled with wine?’
13: Then shall you say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord, Behold, I will fill all the inhabitants of this land, even the kings that sit upon David's throne, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, with drunkenness.
14: And I will dash them one against another, even the fathers and the sons together, [is] the Lord's oracle: I will not pity, nor spare, nor have mercy, but destroy them.’ ”
V³ Z¹ 15-20. Pride. Z² 21-27. Punishment.
Z¹ s 15-17-. Exhortation. t -17. Yahaveh's flock. s 18,19. Exhortation. t 20. Yahaveh's flock.
497 or 480 B.C.
15: Hear you all, and give ear; be not proud: for the Lord has spoken. (Yahaveh's words, not Jeremiah's)
16: Give glory to the Lord your God, before He cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while you all look for light, He turn it into the shadow of death, and make it gross darkness.
17: But if you all will not hear it, my soul (= me, emphatic) shall weep in secret places for your pride; and my eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, (cp. Matt. 26:38. Luke 19:41)
because the Lord's flock is carried away captive.
18: Say to the king and to the queen (this was Jehoiachin, and the queen-mother. See 2 Kings 24:12,15. Jehoiachin was only 18, so that the queen-dowager would hold a position of some influence, 490, or, 489 B.C.), ‘Humble yourselves, sit down: for your head-gear shall come down, even the crown of your glory.
19: The cities (some codices read "eyes") of the Negeb shall be shut up (see Ps. 126:4. Cp. Gen. 12:9; 13:3), and none shall open them: Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.
20: Lift up your eyes, and behold them that come from the north (see 1:13; 3:12; 6:1, &c.): where is the flock that was given you, your beautiful flock?
Z² u 21-. Question. “What...?” v -21. Answer. Reason. u 22-. Question. “Why...?” v -22-27. Answer. Reason.
21: What will you say when He shall punish you?
for you have taught them to be captains, and as chief over you: shall not sorrows take you, as a woman in travail?
22: And if you say in your mind, ‘Why come these things upon me?’
For the greatness of your iniquity are your skirts discovered, and your heels made bare.
23: Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? then may you all also do good, that are schooled (or, trained) to do evil.
24: Therefore will I scatter them as the stubble (not crushed straw) that passes away by the wind (ruach) of the wilderness.
25: This is your lot, the portion of your measures from Me, [is] the Lord's oracle; because you have forgotten Me, and confided in falsehood.
26: Therefore will I discover your skirts upon your face, that your shame may appear.
27: I have seen your adulteries, and your neighings, the lewdness of your whoredom (think spiritually here also = false worship to idols), and your abominations on the hills in the fields. Woe to you, O Jerusalem! will you not be made clean? how long before it yet be?”