H Q 11:1-14. Against the People. R 11:15-17. The beloved People threatened. Q 11:18 - 12:6. Against the men of Anathoth. R 12:7-17. The beloved People threatened.
Q m 1-8-. Covenant disobeyed. n -8. Threatening. m 9,10. Covenant broken. n 11-17. Threatening.
1: The word (sing., indicating this as a special prophecy) that came to Jeremiah from the Lord, saying,
2: “Hear you all the words of this covenant (pl. indicating the many utterances of "this covenant". The old covenant of Exodus had been specially renewed by Judah in Jeremiah's day, under Josiah, in his 18th year, 2 Kings 23:1-3), and speak to the men of Judah (emphasized by the repetition), and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem;
3: And you say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God of Israel (still used of Judah as representing the whole nation. See 1 Kings 12:17); Cursed be the man that obeys not the words of this covenant, (see Deut. 26:26)
4: Which I commanded your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace (see Deut. 4:20), saying, ‘Hear (= listen or attend to) My voice (see Ex.15:26), and do them (i.e. "the words" of v.3), according to all which I command you: so shall you all be My People, and I will be your God: (see 26:3-12)
5: That I may perform the oath which I have sworn to your fathers (see Deut.7:12), to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as it is this day.’ ” Then answered I, and said, “So be it, O the Lord”. (see Deut. 27:15-26)
6: Then the Lord said to me, “Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah (cp. 2:28, and 11:13), and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Hear you all the words of this covenant, and do them.
7: For I earnestly protested to your fathers in the day that I brought them up out of the land of Egypt, even to this day, rising early and protesting (see 7:13), saying, ‘Obey My voice.’
8: Yet they obeyed not, nor inclined their ear, but walked every one in the stubbornness of their evil heart:
therefore I will bring upon them all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do; but they did them not.’ ”
9: And the Lord said to me, “A conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
10: They are turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear My words; and they are gone after other gods to serve them: the house of Israel (see 2:4) and the house of Judah (see 3:18) have broken My covenant which I made with their fathers.
11: Therefore thus says the Lord, Behold, I will bring tumult (or, trouble) upon them, which they shall not be able to escape; and though they shall cry to Me, I will not listen to them.
12: Then shall the cities of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem go, and cry to the gods to whom they offer incense (see Deut. 32:37,38): but they shall not save them at all in the time of their trouble.
13: For according to the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah; and according to the number of the streets of Jerusalem have you all set up altars to that shameful thing (fig., put for the idol which was the cause of the shame), even altars to burn incense to Baal.
14: Therefore do not pray you for this people (see Ex. 32:10. Cp. 7:16; 14:11), neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for I will not hear them in the time that they cry to Me in their time of trouble.
15: What has My beloved to do in My house, seeing she has wrought lewdness with many, and the holy flesh takes away from you [your wickedness]? (i.e. the sacrifices. Cp. 7:21. Hag. 2:12. Or, "removes your evil" [i.e. calamity]) when you do evil, then you rejoice. (i.e. if such false worship remove your calamity, then you may rejoice; but this was impossible)
16: The Lord called your name, A green olive tree (the symbol of Israel's religious privileges. See Judg. 9:8-12), fair, and of goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult He has kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken.
17: For the Lord of hosts, that planted you, has pronounced trouble against you, for the tumult of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have wrought against themselves to provoke Me to anger in offering incense to Baal.”
Q o 11:18-20. The prophet. Prayer. p 11:21-23. Yahaveh's answer. Threatening. o 12:1-4. The prophet. Pleading. p 12:5,6. Yahaveh's answer. Threatening.
18: And the Lord gave me knowledge of it (Jeremiah a type of Messiah), and I knew it: then you shewed me their doings.
19: But I was like a lamb (again like a type of Messiah) or an ox that is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, saying, “Let us destroy the tree with the fruit thereof (Heb. "the dish in his food". Fig., for the food in his dish), and let us cut him off from the land of the living (Jeremiah a type of Christ. See Isa.53:8. Sometimes by a way of contrast), that his name may be no more remembered.”
20: But, O Lord of hosts, that judges righteously, that tries the reins and the heart (cp. 11:20; 17:10; 20:12. Ps. 7:9; 26:2), let me see Your vengeance on them: for unto You have I revealed my cause.
21: Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the [mighty] men of Anathoth, that are seeking your soul, saying, “Prophesy not in the name of the Lord, that you die not by our hands:”
22: Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, “Behold, I will visit upon them: the young men shall die by the sword; their sons and their daughters shall die by famine:
23: And there shall be no remnant of them: for I will bring evil upon the men of Anathoth, even the year of their visitation.”