THE EPISTLE OF JAMES.

THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK AS A WHOLE.
A  A  1:1-4. Patience.
    B  1:5-8. Prayer.
     B  C  1:9,10-. The low exalted. The rich man made low.
         D  1:-10,11-. Life likened to grass.
          E  1:-11. End of the rich.
           C  1:12-16. Lusts. 
            D  1:17. God's Gifts from Above.
             E  1:18-27. God's Word and its effect.
              F  2:1-7. The Faith. Without partiality.
               G  2:8. The Royal Law.
                H  2:9,10. Moses' Law. One offense breaks it.
                H  2:11. Moses' Law. One offense breaks it.
               G  2:12,13. The Law of Liberty.
              F  2:14-26. Faith. Without works.
             E  3:1-14. Man's word and its effect.
            D  3:15-18. The Wisdom from Above.
           C  4:1-5. Lusts.
      B  C  4:6-10. The proud resisted. The humble exalted.
          D  4:11-17. Life likened to a vapor.
           E  5:1-6. End of the rich.
A  A  5:7-12. Patience.
    B  5:13-20. Prayer.

  1. The Epistle of James has been the subject of controversy both as regards the identity of the writer, and as to the time of writing. There is little doubt, however, that the writer was James, "the Lord's brother" [Gal. 1:19], he who was one of the "pillars" [Gal. 2:9], he who gave the "judgment" of the apostles and elders of the church at Jerusalem [Acts 15:13,19].

  2. The distinctly Judean character of the teaching marks off the epistle as having been written at an early period of the Acts history, and it is noticeable that the doctrinal tone closely follows the precepts of "the Sermon on the Mount" [Matt. 5-7]. The tribe of Judah still assembled in synagogues [2:2]; the "poor" [John 12:8] were heirs of the kingdom [2:5]; they were reproved according to the law [2:8,&c.]; they had Abraham to their father [2:21], and were, in harmony with Acts 3:19-21, looking for the coming of the Lord which was "at hand" [5:7,8]. If we distinguish the dispensations, James affords instruction for all believers, but is plainly addressed "to the 12 tribes which are scattered abroad", lit. "in the dispersion". The dispersion, Gr. diaspora, which is referred to in 1 Pet. 1:1 also, and is before our eyes even now. In the days not far off the epistle will appear to Israel when to them the gospel of the Kingdom is once more announced. To the preachers it will again be committed the "powers" of Pentecostal days, to be exercised as exemplified in 5:14,15.

  3. Some commentators rightly place the time of the writing before the Jerusalem Council of about 45 A.D. [According to tradition, James was martyred in 62 or 68 A.D.]. One well qualified to value fairly the evidence says, "And a careful study of the chronological question has convinced me that they are right who hold the Epistle of James to be perhaps the earliest of the New Testament writings. It belongs to that period of the Pentecostal dispensation when the whole church was Judean, and when their meeting-places still bore the Judean designation of 'synagogues' [chap. 2:3]."

THE EPISTLE OF

JAMES.

James is the equivalent in Hebrew to Jacob [Yacob]. He was the brother-in-law to the Lord. Time of writing was 45. A.D.

James 1)

1 James, a servant of God (Gr. Theos., corresponds with the Heb. Elohim, denoting Creator) and of the Lord (Gr. Kurios, corresponds with Heb. Yahaveh) Jesus (Gr. Iesous is the same as the Hebrew Yahshua, and means [the] Salvation of Yahaveh, or Yahaveh [the] Savior) Christ (Gr. Christos, from chrio, to anoint, corresponds with Heb. Messiah), to the twelve tribes (no suggestion of the separate houses of Judah and Israel. Note the complete number) which are in the dispersion (Gr. dispora. See John 7:35. This is written directly to you.), greeting.
2 My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into divers trials; (Cp. Luke 22;28. Acts 20:19. 1 Pet. 1:6; 4:12. 1 Cor. 11. Rejoice because you know better.)
3 Knowing this, that your tested faith works patience. (Cp. Rom. 5:3.)
4 But let patience have her perfect work, in order that you may be perfect (mature, grown up) and entire, lacking nothing.

5 But if any of you lack wisdom, let him ask from God, That gives to all men liberally (bountifully), and upbraids (He doesn't mock you); and it shall be given him. (In simplicity.)
6 But let him ask in faith (believe what you are asking), nothing wavering (cp. Matt. 7:7,8). For he that wavers is like a wave (see Luke 8:24) of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. (If you're a doubter you wont get it.)
8 A double minded man is unstable (cp. Ps. 119:113) in all his ways. (Never count on him.)

9 Let the lowly brother of low degree rejoice (see Rom. 2;17) in his exaltation:
10 But the rich, in his humbling: (Spiritually we are all the same.)

because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away. (the flesh, not the soul.)
11 For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, and withers the grass, and the flower thereof fell, and the grace of the fashion (lit. presence or face [v.23]) of it perished: (See Rom. 4:15.)

so shall the rich man also fade away in his ways. (By his ill-gotten gains, not riches of God. In the flesh, gone, returns to dirt.)

12 Blessed is the man that endures temptation: for when he has become tested, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord has promised (a promise that He will keep) to them that love Him. (Cp. Heb. 12:5,6.)
13 Let no one say when he is tempted, I am tempted from God: for God is incapable of being tempted with evil, and He Himself tempts no one: (Man does it to himself by not following His Laws. See Jer. 23:33.)
14 But each one is tempted, being drawn away (away from the Word of God) of his own lust (see John 8:44, and cp. Rom. 7;7), and enticed.
15 Then lust, having conceived, it brings forth sin: and sin, when it is completely finished, brings forth death. (Premature death. See Rom. 6:21)
16 Be not deceived, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father (Gr. Pater) of lights, with Whom is no variableness (as sure as the sun comes up), or shadow of (i.e. cast by, or due to) turning.

1:18-27. GOD'S WORD AND ITS EFFECT.
E  F  18. Statement.
    G  a  19. Exhortation.
        b  20. Reason.
    G  a  21,22. Exhortation.
        b  23-25. Reason.
   F  26,27. Statement.

18 Having willed begat He us with the word (cp. 1 Pet. 1;2) of truth, to the end that we should be a certain first-fruit (see Rom. 8:23. Cp. Rom. 11:16) of His creatures. (A new creation.)

19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear (the Word of God), slow to speak, slow to wrath: (But be firm.)

20 For the wrath of man works not the righteousness of God.

21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness (cp. 2:2. 1 Pet. 3:21. Rev. 22:11) and abundance of naughtiness (cp. Prov. 6:12; 11:6; 17:4; Jer. 24:2), and receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls. (Receive truth in your mind.)
22 But become you doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving (by false reasoning) your own selves.

23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like to a man beholding his natural face (the face of his birth) in a mirror:
24 For he beheld himself, and departed, and straightway forgot what manner of man he was. (The picture is gone as soon as he turned away.)
25 But he that looks (lit. stooped down [to look]) into the perfect law, that of liberty (when Christ died on the cross), and continued therein, he being not a hearer of forgetfulness, but a doer of work, this one shall be blessed in his doing.

26 If any one among you thinks himself to be religious (continually pious), and bridles not his tongue, but deceives his own heart, this man's religion is vain.
27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction (cp. Matt. 25:36,43. Personal interest and sympathy are enjoined. Cp. Mic. 6:8), and to keep himself unspotted from the world.

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