C H 1-16-. Israel's ascendancy. J -16. Yahaveh the worker. H 17-22-. Israel's glory. J -22. Yahaveh the worker.
H o 1-7. Nations'. Accession. p 8-11. Their ministry. o 12,13. Nations. Subjection. p 14-16-. Their homage.
o p¹ 1-3. Israel's rising come. p² 4-7. Nations' attraction to it.
p¹ q 1-. The rising of Israel. r -1-. The light shining. s -1. The glory of Yehovah. t 2-. Darkness covering the earth. t -2-. Darkness covering the people. s -2. The glory of Yahaveh. r 3-. The light reflected. q -3. The rising of Israel.
1 Arise, (cp. 51:9,17, "awake"; 52:2, "awake"; 60:1, "arise"; and contrast the cry to Babylon [47:1], "come down, sit in the dust". This refers to the future)
shine (cp. 2 Sam.23:4); for your light (i.e. Israel's glory) is come,
and the glory of the Lord is risen upon you. (cp. Ps. 106:20. Jer. 2:11. Hag. 2:3,7,9)
2 For, behold (call to attention to the condition of the nations just before Israel's future glory shines forth), the darkness shall cover the earth,
and gross darkness the peoples:
but the Lord shall arise upon you, and His glory shall be seen upon you.
3 And the nations shall come to your light,
and kings to the brightness of your rising.
4 Lift up your eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to you (this is still future): your sons shall come from far, and your daughters (these are not Gentiles [i.e. nations] therefore, but true Israelites [Jer.31:10]. Cp. Ezek. 34:11-15) shall be nursed at your side. (carried on the shoulders. See 49:22)
5 Then you shall see, and flow together (or, according to Targum and Syr., "shall be lightened", as in Ps. 34:5), and your heart shall praise (see Hos. 3:5), and opened as with joy; because the abundance of the rich seafaring peoples shall be turned to you, the forces (= fullness, riches, wealth, or resources. This prophecy looks far beyond the return under Ezra-Nehemiah. See vv.12,15, &c.) of the nations shall come to you.
6 A stream of camels shall cover you, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah (a Medianite tribe [Gen.25:4]); all they from Sheba shall come (cp. Ps.72:10. Both descended from Abraham and Keturah): they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall show forth the praises of the Lord.
7 All the flocks of Kedar (see 21:16,17; 42:11; and cp. Gen. 25:13. Ps. 120:5. Song 1:5) shall be gathered out to you, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister to you (a tribe allied to Kedar, descended from Ismael [Gen.25:13].): they shall come up with acceptance on My altar, and I will beautify My beautiful house.
8 Who are these (probably of the sips whose sails are compared to wings,developed in next verse) that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?
9 Surely the maritime lands shall wait for Me (cp. 42:4; 51:5), and the ships of Tarshish in the first rank (see 2:16), to bring your sons from far (this looks beyond Babylon), their silver and their gold with them, to the name of the Lord your God, and to the Set Apart One of Israel, because He has glorified you.
10 And the sons of foreigners (see Ex. 12:43. Lev. 22:15. These were expressly excluded) shall build up your walls, and their kings shall minister to you: for in My wrath I smote you (cp. 54:8. Zech. 1:15), but in My favor have I had mercy on you.
11 Therefore your gates shall be open continually (Heb. they shall keep your gates open. The word "they" is impersonal: i.e. they who are continually bringing the exiles with their riches. Cp. the same idiom in Luke 12:20, "they demand your soul"); they shall not be shut day nor night (these coming times are already being foreshadowed, for this has already been the case for the past few years. This looks beyond the Ezra-Nehemiah period, see Neh.13:19); that men may bring to you the forces of the nations, and that their kings may be brought.
12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve you shall perish (this is still future); yes, those nations shall be utterly wasted.
13 And the glory of Lebanon shall come to you, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of My sanctuary (i.e. the Temple. Cp. 35:2. Ps. 99:5; 132:7); and I will make the place of My feet glorious.
14 The sons also of them that oppressed you shall come bending to you (not fulfilled yet. Matt. 8:11 refers to this. Cp. Mal. 1:11); and all they that despised you shall bow themselves down at the soles of your feet; and they shall call you; The city of the Lord, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
15 Whereas you has been forsaken and hated (the type of the forsaken wife is changed to that of the forsaken Land. See 1:4), so that no man went through you, I will make you an eternal excellency, a joy of generation after generation. (this cannot refer to the prosperity of any past period of Israel's history)
16 You shall also suck the milk of the nations, and shall suck the breast of kings:
and you shall know that I the Lord am your Savior and your Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob. (see Gen. 49:24. Cp. 49:26. Ps. 132:2-5. Including the whole natural seed, as well as the spiritual seed of Israel. See Gen. 32:28; 43:6; 45:26,30)
H u 17. Materials. v 18. Evil removed. u 19,20. Luminaries. v 21,22-. God Bestowed.
17 For brass I will bring gold (note the contrast of this verse with 3:24. Cp. also 1:23-25), and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make your officers peace, and your tax-gatherers righteous. (see Luke 3:13. The very opposite of what they have been)
18 [So shall] Violence no more be heard in thy land (cp. Gen. 6:11,13), wasting nor destruction within your borders; but you shall call your walls (cp.26:1) Salvation (or, Victory), and your gates Praise.
19 The sun shall be no more your light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light to you: but the Lord shall be to you an everlasting light, and your God your glory.
20 Your sun shall no more go down; neither shall your moon withdraw itself: for the Lord shall be your everlasting light, and the days of your mourning shall be ended.
21 Your people also shall be all righteous (this verse and the above are prophecies that yet await fulfillment): they shall inherit the land for ever (this settles the whole question as to any fulfillment in the past), the branch of My planting, the work of My hands, that I may get Myself glory.
22 The little one (i.e. he who has no sons, or few) shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation:
I the Lord will hasten it in its time.