D M¹ 1-3. The Breach: caused by Israel's sin. M² 4-11. The Breach: healed by Messiah.
M¹ s 1-. Yahaveh. Question. Words. t -1. Not sold by God. t 2-. No hep from man. s -2,3. Yahaveh. Question. Power.
1 Thus says the Lord (Yahaveh), "Where is this bill of your mother's divorcement (see Deut. 24:1,3), whom (or, wherewith) I have put away?
or which of My creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have you all sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.
2 Wherefore, when I came (Messiah speaks), was there no man? (see John 1:11. Cp. Jer. 5:1. Acts 13:36; 18:6; 28:28) when I called, was there none to answer?
Is My hand shortened at all (see Num.11:23. Cp. 59:1), that it cannot redeem? (see Ex.13:13) or have I no power to deliver? behold, at My rebuke I dry up the sea (see Ex. 14:21), I make the river (i.e. the great river, the Jordan. See Josh. 4:7,18. Cp. Ps.107:35) a wilderness: their fish stinks (see Ex. 7:18,21), because there is no water, and dies for thirst.
3 I cloth the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering.
M² u 4,5. Messiah. Qualified. v 6. His reception. u 7-9. Messiah. Helped. v 10,11. His reception.
4 The Lord GOD (Yehovah Adonai) has given Me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary (He spoke no other words than those given Him by the Father. Cp. the 7 times this was asserted by Messiah [John 7:16; 8:28,46,47; 12:49; 14:10,24; 17:8]): he [continually] wakens morning by morning, he [continually] wakens My ear to listen as do the instructed (or taught).
5 The Lord GOD has opened MY ear, and I was not perverse (or, refractory), neither turned away back.
6 I gave My back to the smiters, and My cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not My face from shame and spitting. (Fulfilled in Matt.26:67; 27:26)
7 For the Lord GOD will help Me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint (note the fulfillment. His death was not an event which happened. He "accomplished" it Himself [Luke 9:31], and, after saying this, "He steadfastly set His face", as above, "like a flint". He laid down His life Himself: but not till His hour [the right hour] had come [John 10:15-18]), and I know that I shall not be ashamed.
8 He is near that justifies Me; who will contend with Me? let us stand together: who can convict My? (lit., who owns My sentence) let him come near to Me.
9 Behold, the Lord GOD will help Me; who is he that shall prove Me lawless? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.
10 Who is among you that loves (or, reveres) the Lord (these are the word of the prophet in view of Messiah's reception), that obeys the voice of His Servant, that walks in darkness, and has no light? let him confide in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God.
11 Behold, all you all that are incendiaries (not the ordinary word for lighting a fire), that gird yourselves about with fiery darts: walk in the light of your own fire, and in the fiery darts that you all have kindled. (this is Divine Irony) This shall you all have of My hand; you all shall lie down in sorrow.