A4 O 19:1-4. Confusion. Assyria. P 19:5-10. Desolation. Q 19:11-17. The Lord of hosts. The cause. P 19:18-25. Healing. O 20:1-6. Captivity. Assyria.
O g 1. Idols, &c. h 2. War. Civil. g 3. Idols, &c. h 4. War. Foreign.649-588 B.C.
1 The burden of Egypt (4th of 7 burdens). “Behold, the Lord rides upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at His presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians (referring to the anarchy consequent on the defeat of Egypt by Sargon [688 B.C.]): and they shall fight every one against his brother, and every one against his neighbor; city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.
3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols (see 2:8), and to the mutterers, and to them that have familiar spirits (see Lev. 19:31; 20:6,7; Deut. 18:11, &c.), and to the wizards.
4 And the Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord (sing. adjective with plural noun = the lord of the nations, as the kings of Assyria called themselves); and a fierce king shall rule over them,” says the LORD ’Adõn, the Lord of hosts.
P i 5,6. Waters. Things. k 7. Vegetation. " i 8. Waters. Fishers in them. Persons. k 9,10. Vegetation. Workers therein. "
5 And the waters shall be dried up from the sea, and the river (i.e. the Nile) shall be wasted and dried up.
6 And the arms of the river shall stink; and the brooks of defense (= canals of Matzor: i.e. Egypt. See 7:18) shall be shallow and dried up: the reeds and flags shall wither.
7 The meadows by the canals, by the mouth of the canals, and every thing sown by the canals, shall be dried up, be driven away, and be no more (or, and disappear).
8 The fishers also shall mourn (see 3:26), and all they that cast angle into the canals shall lament, and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
9 Moreover they that work in fine flax, and they that weave networks, shall be confounded.
10 And they shall be broken in the purposes (or, foundations) thereof, all that make sluices and ponds for souls (or, work for wages shall be grieved in souls ).
Q l 11-. Princes...fools. m -11,12. Cause. The Lord of hosts. l 13-15. Princes...fools. m 16,17. Cause. The Lord of hosts.
11 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools (see Prov.1:7), the counsel of the wise counselors of Pharaoh is become brutish:
how say you all to Pharaoh, ‘I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?’
12 Where are they? where are your wise men? and let them tell you now, and let them know what OF HOSTS has purposed upon Egypt.
13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.
14 The Lord has mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunken man goes astray in his vomit. (as in preceding clause)
15 Neither shall there be any work for Egypt, which the head or tail, branch or rush (see 9:14), may do.
16 In that day (i.e. the day when this burden should be fulfilled [NOT "the Day of the Lord"]. Note the 6 steps, vv.18.104.22.168.23.24) shall Egypt be like unto women: and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand (put for the judgments indicated by the act) of the Lord of hosts, which He shakes over it.
17 And the land of Judah (The Assyrian armies came through Judah) shall be a terror unto Egypt, every one that makes mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the Lord of hosts, which He has determined against it.
P n 18. Cities. o 19-22. Healing. n 23. Highway. o 24,25. Blessing.
18 In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt (probably Heliopolis, Leontopolis, Daphne, Migdol, and Memphis) speak the language of Canaan (i.e. the Hebrew language, by the multitude of tribe of Judah that went to that place), and swear to the Lord; one shall be called, The city of righteousness. (the primitive reading was doubtless ha-zedeck = "righteousness", which the Sept. simply transliterates. From a desire not to compete with "Jerusalem", which bore this name [Isa.1:26], it was altered to cheres, which in Chaldee = "the sun", or in Greek = "Heliopolis", which is the reading in many MSS., two early printed editions, and the margins of the A.V. and R.V. But when the temple at Jerusalem was cleansed and restored, the temple at Heliopolis was deemed schismatic; and, by altering one letter [CH, for H], cheres [the sun] was altered to heres [destruction]. Hence the present reading of the current Hebrew text. See Ginsburg, Introduction, pp.404-8.)
19 In that day shall there be an altar (see below) to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar close to the border thereof to the Lord. (probably a boundary pillar, or, perhaps the Great Pyramid of Giza! a pillar or monument. Not for worship. Since the full official name of the Pyramid, the Great Pyramid of Giza, means, in English, the Great Pyramid of the Border, the answer to the apparently contradictory definition of Isaiah is found in the Great Pyramid. The only spot on the face of the earth that completely answers this description, both geometrically and geographically, is the precise place where the Great Pyramid stands (E. Raymond Capt, The Great Pyramid Decoded))
20 And it shall be for a sign (see 7:11) and for a witness to the Lord in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry to the Lord because of the oppressors, and He shall send them a Savior, and a great One, and He shall deliver them.
21 And the Lord shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the Lord in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation ("The third Ptolemy, which he had occupied all Syria by force, did not sacrifice thank-offerings to the gods of Egypt, but came to Jerusalem an made votive offering" [Josephus, c. Apion, 11.5]); yes, they shall vow a vow to the Lord, and perform it.
22 And the Lord shall smite Egypt: He shall smite and heal it: and they shall return even to the Lord, and He shall be entreated of them, and shall heal them.
23 In that day (i.e. the glorious future, the Day of the Lord. not the same as v.-11) shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria (see 7:3), and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.
24 In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land (or, earth):
25 Whom the Lord shall bless, saying, “Blessed be Egypt My people, and Assyria the work of My hands, and Israel My inheritance.”