C N 5:1-4. Priesthood in general. "For every". O P 5:5-10. Christ called of God after the order of Melchizedek. Q 5:11-6:20. Digression before considering Melchizedek. O P 7:1-28. Christ called by God after the order of Melchizedek. Q 8:1,2. Summation. Christ the Antitype. N 8:3-10:18. The efficacy of Christ's priesthood in particular.
N v 1-. The ordination of the High Priest. w -1. His offering for sins. x 2-. His compassion for others' infirmities. x -2. The reason; his own infirmities. w 3. His offering for sins. v 4. The ordination of the High Priest.
1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God,
in order that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:
2 Being able [to] have compassion on the ignorant (sinners through ignorance. Lev. 4:2,22,27. Num. 15:28), and on them that are out of the way; (= erring. Lev. 5:1-6:7)
for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
3 And on account of it he ought (Lev. 4:3-12), as concerning the people, so for himself also, to offer for sins.
4 And not any one takes this honor to himself, but he that is when called of God, even as Aaron also was.
P y 5,6. Christ a High Priest. z 7,8. His salvation and obedience. z 9. His people's salvation and obedience. y 10. Christ a High Priest.
5 So Christ also glorified not Himself to be made High Priest; but He that said to Him, "You are My Son, to day have I begotten You."
6 As He said in another place also, "You are a Priest for ever (i.e. for the [coming] age, the Messianic reign. The priesthood ends when He delivers up the kingdom. See 1 Cor. 15:24. Cp. Rev. 21:22. In the "day of God" succeeding, there will be no Temple [Rev. 21:22], therefore neither "priest" nor "offerings") according to the order of Melchizedek." (See 7:1. Cited from Ps. 110:4.)
7 Who in the days of His flesh, having offered up both prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears to Him that was able to save Him out of death (not from death. He went down into death, but was saved out of it by resurrection), and was heard for His godly reverence; (This verse is a Divine supplement to the Gospel records.)
8 Though He were Son, yet learned He obedience from the things which He suffered;
9 And having been perfected, He became the Causer of eternal salvation to all them that obey Him;
10 Having been designated of God High Priest after the order of Melchizedek.
Q R 5:11-6:3. Exhortation. S 6:4-6. Peril of apostasy. R 6:7-20. Exhortation.
R a 5:11. Personal. b 5:12-. 1st principles. c 5:-12. Milk and strong meat. c 5:13,14. Milk and strong meat. b 6:1,2. 1st principles. a 6;3. Personal.
11 Concerning Whom we have many things to say, and difficult to be explained, since you have become dull of hearing. (Cp. Matt. 13:14,15. Acts 28:27)
12 For when by reason of the time you ought to be teachers, you have need that one teach you again which be the rudiments of the beginning of the oracles of God;
and are become such as have need of milk, and not of solid food.
13 For every one that partakes of milk is inexperienced in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.
14 But solid food belongs to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses trained for the discrimination of both good and evil.