G A 1. Esau. In Canaan. B a 2-. Adah. b -2. Aholibamah. c 3. Bashemath. B a 4-. Adah's son, Eliphaz. c -4. Bashemath's son, Reuel. b 5. Aholibamah's sn, Jeush, &c. A 6-8. Esau. Removal from Canaan.
1 Now these are THE GENERATIONS OF ESAU (given here, and no more is to be said about him), who is Edom (= red).
2 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah (= ornament, beauty, see 26:34) the daughter of Elon the Hittite,
and Aholibamah (see 26:34) the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;
3 And Bashemath (see 28:9, her second name was Mahalath) Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebajoth.
4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz (= God is his strength);
and Bashemath bare Reuel (= friend of God);
5 And Aholibamah bare Jeush (= assembler), and Jaalam (= whom God hides), and Korah (= baldness): these are the sons of Esau, which were born to him in the land of Canaan.
6 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons (souls) of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan (Esau's sons born in the land and went out of it); and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob.
7 For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle.
8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.
H A 9. Sons of Esau (Edom). B a¹ 10-. Eliphaz, Adah's son. b¹ -10. Reuel, Bashemath's son. a² 11,12. Sons of Eliphaz. b² 13. sons of Reuel. C 14. Jeush, &c., Aholibamah's sons. B a³ 15,16. Dukes of Eliphaz (Adah). b³ 17. Dukes of Reuel (Bashemath). C 18. Dukes of Jeush (Aholbamah). A 19-43. Dukes of Edom, &c.9 And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir (= hairy, shaggy):
10 These are the names of Esau's sons; Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau,
Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau.
11 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman (= where came Eliphaz, the south), Omar (= eloquent, talkative), Zepho (= watch-tower), and Gatam (= a burnt valley), and Kenaz (= hunting).
12 And Timna (= restraint) was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek (= dweller in a valley. One of Israel's bitterest foes, which whom Yahaveh has perpetual war, Ex.17:8,14. Cp. Num.24:20, Deut.25:17-19. The land of the Amalekites so called by Fig. Anticipation, anticipating what is going to be, and speaking of future things as present, Gen.14:7): these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife. (The "sons" of Adah are her and grandsons)
13 And these are the sons of Reuel; Nahath (= rest), and Zerah (= ring of the sun), Shammah (= astonishment), and Mizzah (= fear): these were the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.
14 And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.
15 These were dukes (= chiefs or chieftains) of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,
16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.
17 And these are the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.
18 And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife.
19 These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes.
20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite (the Horites were a branch of the Nephilim, see Gen.6:4), who inhabited the land; Lotan (= covering), and Shobal
(= flowing), and Zibeon (= robber), and Anah
(= one who answers),
21 And Dishon (= antelope), and Ezer (= treasure), and Dishan (= antelope): these are the dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land of Edom.
22 And the children of Lotan were Hori (= cave-dweller) and Hemam (= exterminating); and Lotan's sister was Timna.
23 And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan (= tall), and Manahath (= rest), and Ebal (= stone, bare mountain), Shepho (= bareness), and Onam (= strong).
24 And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah (= clamor), and Anah (= one who answers. This was the Anah who found the hot springs [= to happen on, discover, not invent, to find, not find out. Hence Anah got the name Beeri from Beer, a well, cp.26:24, and to distinguish him from Anah of v.20) in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father.
25 And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah.
26 And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan (= pleasant), and Eshban (= wise man), and Ithran (= excellence), and Cheran (= lyre).
27 The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan (= modest), and Zaavan (= migratory), and Akan (= sharp-sighted).
28 The children of Dishan are these; Uz (= wooded), and Aran (= wild goat).
29 These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah,
30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.
31 And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel. (The reference is to 17:8 and 35:11. Deut.17:14-20.)
32 And Bela (= destruction) the son of Beor (= burning or torch) reigned in Edom: and the name of his city was Dinhabah (= the capital city).
33 And Bela died, and Jobab (= a desert) the son of Zerah of Bozrah (= fortress) reigned in his stead.
34 And Jobab died, and Husham (= haste) of the land of Temani reigned in his stead.
35 And Husham died, and Hadad (= mighty) the son of Bedad, who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith (= ruins).
36 And Hadad died, and Samlah (= garment) of Masrekah (= vineyard of noble vines) reigned in his stead.
37 And Samlah died, and Saul (= desire) of Rehoboth (= wide places, i.e. streets) by the river Euphrates reigned in his stead.
38 And Saul died, and Baalhanan (= poser of grace, i.e impostor) the son of Achbor (= mouse) reigned in his stead.
39 And Baalhanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar (= mighty) reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau (= bleating); and his wife's name was Mehetabel (= favored of God), the daughter of Matred (= pushing, forward), the daughter of Mezahab (= waters of gold).
40 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth,
41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,
42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,
43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.