A c 1,2. In sum. The number. d 3-60. Names found. d 61-63. Names not found. c 64-67. In sum.
1 Now these are the sons of the Province (i.e. the Persian province of Judah. Cp. Neh. 1:3) that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away to Babylon, and came again to Jerusalem and Judea (cp. Neh. 7:6), every one to his city;
2 Which came with Zerubbabel (but not till after Neh. 1:1-7:4. See Neh. 1:2,3. In Neh. 7:4 no houses built, but in Hag. 1:4, houses built and yet Temple lying waste): Jeshua (= a savior, not The Savior. The great helper of Zerubbabel), Nehemiah (= consultation of the Lord. Cp. Neh. 1:1; 10:1. See 1:8), Seraiah (= Azariah [Neh. 7:7]. Not Seriah the high priest, put to death with Zedekiah [2 Kings 25:18-21]), Reelaiah, Mordecai (he had been taken in Jehoiachin's deportation [Est. 2:5,6]), Bilshan, Mizpar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the People of Israel: (See 1:5. So 2:59,70; 3:1; 7:13; 9:1; 10:5. Cp. 1 Kings 12:17)
3 The sons of Parosh, two thousand an hundred seventy and two.
4 The sons of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.
5 The sons of Arah, seven hundred seventy and five.
6 The sons of Pahathmoab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve.
7 The sons of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
8 The sons of Zattu, nine hundred forty and five.
9 The sons of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.
10 The sons of Bani, six hundred forty and two.
11 The sons of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three.
12 The sons of Azgad, a thousand two hundred twenty and two.
13 The sons of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and six.
14 The sons of Bigvai, two thousand fifty and six.
15 The sons of Adin, four hundred fifty and four.
16 The sons of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.
17 The sons of Bezai, three hundred twenty and three.
18 The sons of Jorah, an hundred and twelve.
19 The sons of Hashum, two hundred twenty and three.
20 The sons of Gibbar, ninety and five.
21 The sons of Bethlehem, an hundred twenty and three.
22 The men of Netophah, fifty and six.
23 The men of Anathoth, an hundred twenty and eight.
24 The sons of Azmaveth, forty and two.
25 The sons of Kirjath-jearim (now Khan'Erma), Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty and three.
26 The sons of Ramah and Gaba, six hundred twenty and one.
27 The men of Michmas, an hundred twenty and two.
28 The men of Bethel and Ai, two hundred twenty and three.
29 The sons of Nebo, fifty and two.
30 The sons of Magbish, an hundred fifty and six.
31 The sons of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
32 The sons of Harim, three hundred and twenty.
33 The sons of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and five.
34 The sons of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.
35 The sons of Senaah, three thousand and six hundred and thirty.
36 The priests: the sons of Jedaiah (the head of the 9th course [1 Chron. 24:11), of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.
37 The sons of Immer (head of the 16th course [1 Chron. 24:14), a thousand fifty and two.
38 The sons of Pashur (cp. Jer. 20:1; 21:1 and 1 Chron. 9:12. Probably belonging to the 5th course, as son of Malchijah. Cp. 1 Chron. 24:9 with Neh. 11:12), a thousand two hundred forty and seven.
39 The sons of Harim (the 3rd course. These 4 were subdivided into 6 each, making the 24), a thousand and seventeen.
40 The Levites: the sons of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the children of Hodaviah, seventy and four.
41 The singers: the sons of Asaph, an hundred twenty and eight.
42 The sons of the porters: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, the sons of Shobai, in all an hundred thirty and nine.
43 The Nethinims (= men given to God or His service. Temple servants. Cp. v.58; 7:7,24; 8:17,20. Neh. 3:26; 10:28; 11:21. 1 Chron. 9:2): the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hasupha, the sons of Tabbaoth,
44 The sons of Keros, the children of Siaha, the children of Padon,
45 The sons of Lebanah, the children of Hagabah, the children of Akkub,
46 The sons of Hagab, the children of Shalmai, the children of Hanan,
47 The sons of Giddel, the children of Gahar, the children of Reaiah,
48 The sons of Rezin, the children of Nekoda, the children of Gazzam,
49 The sons of Uzza, the children of Paseah, the children of Besai,
50 The sons of Asnah, the children of Mehunim, the children of Nephusim,
51 The sons of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur,
52 The sons of Bazluth, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha,
53 The sons of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Thamah,
54 The sons of Neziah, the children of Hatipha.
55 The sons of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda,
56 The sons of Jaalah, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel,
57 The sons of Shephatiah, the sons of Hattil, the sons of Pochereth of Zebaim, the sons of Ami.
58 All the Nethinims, and the sons of Solomon's servants, were three hundred ninety and two.
59 And these were they which went up from Telmelah, Telharsa, Cherub, Addan, and Immer: but they could not show their father's house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel: (see 1 Kings 12:17)
60 The sons of Delaiah, the sons of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two.
61 And of the children of the priests: the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Koz, the sons of Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name:
62 These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they [rejected]from the priesthood and were deemed as polluted.
63 And the Tirshatha (= governor [Persian title]. Here refers to Nehemiah, as in Neh. 8:9; 10:1; 12:26. See 5:3) said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things (i.e. the remains of the meal offering. Cp. Lev. 2:3; 10:12-14,17,17. Num. 18:9,10), till there stood up a priest for Urim and for Thummim. (See Ex. 28:30. Num. 26:55)
64 The whole assembly together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore, (The number [42,860] agrees with Neh. 7:66. The 2 lists of names are not alike; but there is no "discrepancy". The 2 lists, while they agree in the numbers, and vary in names, yet have the totals identical. This shows the independence of the 2 accounts)
Numbered in Ezra 2. .....................................42,360 Named in Ezra ..........................29,818 " in Neh., not in Ezra.................1,765 31,583 Difference between names and numbers ------ 10,777 Numbered in Neh. 7 .....................................42,360 Named in Nehemiah ......................30,089 " in Neh., not in Ezra...................494 31,583 Difference between names and numbers ------ 10,77765 Beside their servants and their handmaids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and there were among them two hundred singing men and singing women.
68 And a potion (Ezra mentions what one portion gave. Nehemiah [7:70] mentions what he and 2 other potions gave. Hence the numbers "perforce" cannot be the same, and there is no "discrepancy") of the heads of the fathers, when they came to the house of the LORD which is at Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of the [true] God to set it up in his place:
69 They gave after their ability to the treasury of the work threescore and one thousand drams (= 1/4th of a cent U.S.) of gold, and five thousand pound (= $16.00 U.S) of silver, and one hundred priests' garments.
70 So the priests, and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel (See 1 Kings 12:17) in their cities.