1 And He said to me (see 1:28: i.e. He Who was enthroned), "Son of Adam (Beb. ben 'adam. Used of Ezekiel [exactly 100 times; 100 = Election; Children of the promise] by Yahaveh, always without the article. In Ezekiel it is used in contrast with the celestial living creature [ch.1].), stand upon Your feet, and I will speak to you."
2 And the spirit (Heb. rûach) entered into me when He spoke to me (entered with the Word. Cp. Gen. 1:2,3. The Divine summons is accompanied by Divine preparation. Cp. 3:24. Rev. 1:17), and set me upon my feet, that I heard (this is ever the Dine qualification) Him that spoke to me.
F J c 2:3,4. People. Their character. Mission. d 2:5. Reception. " e 2:6-8-. Encouragement. " K 2:-8. Command to eat. L 2:9. T he Roll. Sent. L 2:10. The Roll. Contents. K 3:1-3. Command to eat. J c 3:4-6. People. Their language. Mission. d 3:7. Reception. " e 3:8,9. Encouragement. "
3 And He said to me, "Son of man, I am sending you to the sons of Israel, to a rebellious nation (= the whole nation, Israel and Judah. Hence the great rebellious nation like the heathen) that has rebelled against Me (= revolting [against lawful authority], contumacious. Heb. marad): they and their fathers have revolted (Heb. pâsha') against He, even unto this very day.
4 For they are hard to face sons and stubborn of heart (a reproach brought against Israel 8 times in Exodus and Deuteronomy [Ex. 32:9; 33:3,534:9. Deut. 9:6,13; 10:16; 31:27. Cp. Judg. 2:19, and Isa 48:4). I do send you to them; and you shall say to them, 'Thus says the Lord GOD.' (Adonai Yahaveh. This title characteristic of the prophecies of Ezekiel, being used 214 times. Very rarely in the other prophets. Ezekiel is in exile. This title is to remind him that Yehovah is the sovereign Lord over all the earth, though Israel be "Lo-ammi" = not My people.)
5 And they, whether they will hear, or whether they will abstain (or, refuse to hear. the latter is evidently assumed, and to be expected; as in 2 Tim. 4:3. But no alternative is given. "My words" correspond with "preach the word" [2 Tim. 4:2]), (for they are a rebellious house,) yet shall know that there has been a prophet among them.
6 And you, son of man, be not afraid of them, neither be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns be with you, and you do dwell among scorpions (put for rebellious): be not afraid of their words, nor be dismayed at their looks, though they be a rebellious house.
7 And you shall speak My words to them (nothing less, nothing more, nothing different. Cp. Gen. 3:2,3 and 2 Tim. 4:2, under a similar warning in the following verse. Cp. v.5 note), whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear: for they are most rebellious.
8 But you, son of man, hear what I say to you; Be not you rebellious like that rebellious house:
open your mouth, and eat that I give you." (See 3:1-5. Rev. 10:9,10.)
9 And when I looked, behold, an hand was sent to me; and, lo, a scroll was therein; (Cp. Jer. 36:2. Ps. 40:7)
10 And He spread it before me; and it was written within and without (contrary to the usual custom [within only], to show the abundance and completeness of his prophecies. Cp. Rev. 5:1): and there was written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.