1 Then the Lord said to Moses, "Now shall you see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land."
2 And God spoke to Moses (only twice in Ex. here and and 20:1. See 3:7 and 6:10), and said to him, "I am the Lord:" (Note 5 repetitions v.2,3,6,7,8)
3 And I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, by the name of GOD ALMIGHTY (El Shaddai) but by My name the Lord was I not known to them. (= perceived or understood. The name Yahaveh was known as the covenant name; but was not known as to be understood)
4 And I (note 3 repetitions vv.4,5) have also established My covenant with them, to give them (individually. This is why this revelation of Yahaveh as "the God of the living" ensures their resurrection. See 3:6 and cp. Deut. 11:21) the land of Canaan, the land of their sojourning, wherein they were strangers.
5 And I have also heard the groaning of the sons of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered My covenant. (All Israel's blessings based on this. See 2:24)
6 Wherefore say to the son of Israel, I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians (Note 7 fold blessing in vv.6-8 and cp. 7 fold promise in Gen. 12:2,3. #7=spiritual perfection, completeness), and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem (= redeem from charge, by payment. First occ. in connection with Israel. See 13:13) you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:
7 And I will take you to Me for a People, and I will be to you God: and you all shall know that I am the Lord your God, Which brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8 And I will bring you in to the land, concerning the which I did swear (Heb. "I lifted up My hand". Act put for the thing accompanying it: rightly rendered "swear") to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the Lord.' "
E6 N¹ 6:9-13. Commission and first results. O¹ 6:14-27. Moses and Aaron. Gathering the "heads". N² 6:28-7:5. Commission repeated. O² 7:6,7. Moses and Aaron. Obedience and age. N³ 7:8-13. Commission and credentials. O³ 7:14-10:29. Moses and Aaron. Nine plagues ineffectual. N4 11:1-12:30. Commission. Tenth plague effectual.
N¹ a 9-11. Mission. b 12-. Failure, alleged. b -12.Failure, anticipated. a 13. Mission.
9 And Moses spoke so to the sons of Israel: but they listened not to Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.
10 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, (Heb. davar. This expression occurs in Ex. 20 "sundry times" and 7 "divers manners". Cp. 3:7. Lev.1:1. Num.1:1:-
I. To Moses alone, 13:1; 30:11,17,22,34; 31:1; 40:1.
II. To Moses to speak to Aaron, 7:19; 8:5.
III. To Moses to the sons of Israel, 14:1; 16:11; 25:1; 31:12.
IV. To Moses to speak to Pharaoh, 6:10,29; 8:1.
V. To Moses and Aaron, 7:8.
VI. To Moses and Aaron to speak to the congregation of Israel, 12:1.
VII. To Moses and Aaron to give a charge to the sons of Israel, and to Pharaoh, 6:13)
11 "Go in, speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the sons of Israel go out of his land."
12 And Moses spoke before the Lord, saying, "Behold, the sons of Israel have not listened to me;
how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who is of uncircumcised lips?"
13 And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, and gave them a charge to the sons of Israel, and to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
O¹ 14-16. Sons of Israel (Reuben, Sineon, Levi). 17-19. Sons of Levi (Gershom, Kohath, Merari). 20-27. Sons of Kohath.
14 These are the heads of their fathers' houses: The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these are the families of Reuben.
15 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman: these are the families of Simeon.
16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years. (Levi died 23 years after Joseph, 41 years before Moses
17 The sons of Gershon; Libni (= white), and Shimi, (= renowned) according to their families.
18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram (= an exalted people), and Izhar (= oil), and Hebron (= alliance), and Uzziel (= my strength is God): and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years.
19 And the sons of Merari; Mahali (= sick) and Mushi (= yielding): these are the families of Levi according to their generations.
20 And Amram took him Jochebed (= whose glory is Yahaveh, see Num. 26:59) his father's sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years.
21 And the sons of Izhar; Korah (= baldness), and Nepheg (= sprout), and Zichri (= memorable).
22 And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael (= who is what God is?), and Elzaphan (= whom God protects), and Zithri (= protection of Yehovah).
23 And Aaron took him Elisheba (= God is her oath), daughter of Amminadab (= one of the prince's people), sister of Naashon (= enchanter), to wife; and she bare him Nadab (= liberal), and Abihu (= he, God, is my father), Eleazar (help of God), and Ithamar (= land of palms).
24 And the sons of Korah; Assir (= captive), and Elkanah (= God provided. The ancestor of Samuel. Cp. 1 Sam. 1:24 and Num. 26:11 &c.), and Abiasaph (= father of gathering, i.e. gathered): these are the families of the Korhites.
25 And Eleazar Aaron's son took him one of the daughters of Putiel (= contempt of God) to wife; and she bare him Phinehas (= mouth of brass): these are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families.
26 These are that Aaron and Moses (the order according to age and genealogy, see v.27), to whom the Lord said, "Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies."
27 These are they which spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron. (The order according to God's choice, see v.26.)
N2 c 6:28,29. Mission. d 6:30. Excuse-in-eloquence. c 7:1-5. Mission.
28 And it came to pass on the day when the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt,
29 That the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "I am the Lord: you speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say to you."
30 And Moses said before the Lord, "Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh listen to me?"