1 And Moses answered and said, "But, behold, they will not believe me, nor listen to my voice: for they will say, 'the Lord has not appeared to you.' "
2 And the Lord said to him (cp. 3:7, and 6:10), "What is that in your hand?" And he said, "A rod."
3 And the Lord said (occ. 9 times in Ex. 4:3,7,14; 15:26; 24:1; 33:14,19,20; 34:10. #9 = judgment), "Cast it on the ground." And he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from before it.
4 And the Lord said to Moses, "Put forth your hand, and take it by the tail." And he put forth his hand, and caught it (= stiffened it, same word as "hardened" Pharaoh's heart), and it became a rod in his hand:
5 "That they may believe that the Lord God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you."
6 And the Lord said furthermore to him, "Put now your hand into your bosom." And he put his hand into his bosom: and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous as snow. (First occ. of 9 [the number of judgment] so afflicted: Ex. 4:6. Num. 12:10. 2 Kings 5:1,27; 7:3; 15:5. 2 Chron. 26:20. Matt. 8:2; 26:6. Luke 17:2. 9th case 21 individuals, 21 = 3x7 = Divine perfection X spiritual completeness.)
7 And the Lord said, "Put your hand into your bosom again." And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other flesh.
8 "And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe you, neither listen to the voice of the first sign (by which the sign is personified), that they will believe the voice of the latter sign.
9 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these two signs (see 7:17), neither listen to your voice, that you shall take of the water of the river, and pour it upon the dry land: and the water which you take out of the river shall become blood upon the dry land."
10 And Moses said to the Lord, "O Lord, I am not eloquent (Heb. "not a man of words". Supposed to contradict Acts 7:22, but eloquence is no necessary part of "wisdom". With "all the wisdom of the Egyptians" he had not the wisdom needed for his work. The latter had to be learned at "the backside of the dessert"), neither heretofore, nor since You have spoken to Your servant: but I am slow (but "mighty, see Acts 7:22) of speech, and of a slow tongue."
11 And the Lord said to him, "Who has made mankind's mouth? or Who makes the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I, the Lord?
12 Now therefore go, and I will be with your mouth, and teach you what you shall say."
13 And he said, "O Lord, send, I pray You, by the hand of Him Whom You will send."
14 And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Moses, and He (Yahaveh) said, "Is not Aaron (negative affirmation) the Levite your brother? (Why this? Was not Moses a Levite? Is it not to indicate that He Whom He should send-v.13-would be of the tribe of Judah?) I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he comes forth to meet you: and when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart.
15 And you shall speak to him, and put words in his mouth (this is a definition of Divine inspiration. Cp. Num. 23:5,16; 22:35. Deut. 18:18. John 17:8): and I will be (see 3:14,15) with your mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what you all shall do.
16 And he shall be your spokesman to the People (in :1 = "your prophet": hence God's prophet is God's spokesman, "the man of God"-Deut. 33:1. Ps. 90 Title, "God's man" who spoke for God. Qualified only by God's Spirit-Num. 11:29-and God's Word-2 Tim. 3:16-4:4, and by God's making known what is to be spoken-Num. 12:6): and he shall be, even he shall be to you instead of a mouth, and you shall be to him instead (i.e. in lieu of) of God.
17 And you shall take this rod in your hand, wherewith you shall do signs."
E5 G 4:29,30. Communication to the elders. H 4:31. Result-belief and worship. G 5:1-3. Communication to Pharaoh. H 5:4-6:1. Result-unbelief and oppression.
29 And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the sons of Israel:
30 And Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord (Yahaveh) had spoken to Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the People.
31 And the People believed (cp. 4:1,8; 3:18): and when they heard that the Lord had visited the sons of Israel (see Gen.50:24,25 and Ex. 2:24,25. Cp. 6:6, "redeem", with Luke 1:68), and that He had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshiped.