1 And (Moses must have descended for the 5th time. See 19:3) the LORD (Yahaveh) said to Moses, "Hew you (Moses makes these 2nd tables; Yahaveh made the 1st. See 31:18) two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which you broke.
2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning to mount Sinai, and present yourself there to Me in the top of the mount.
3 And no man shall come up with you, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount."
4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first;
X6 E -4. The new Tables taken up by Moses. F 5-7. The Proclamation of Yahaveh. G 8,9. The worship and prayer of Moses. F 10-26. The Commandments of Yahaveh. E 27,28. The Tables written by Yahaveh.
and Moses rose up (Moses' 6th and last ascent. See 19:3) early in the morning, and went up to mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.
5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed (as promised in 33:19) the name of the LORD.
6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD GOD (El), merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abundant in loving-kindness (or grace) and faithfulness,
7 Keeping loving-kindness (or grace) for thousands, bearing away perverseness and rebellion and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty (not even Christ, when our sins were imputed to Him: therefore, all now in Him are "cleared"); visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, to the third and to the fourth generation. (This refrain in whole or part in Ex. 20:5. Cp. also Num. 14:18. Deut. 5:9. Neh. 9:17. Ps. 103:8. Jer. 9:24; 30:11; 46:28. Dan. 9:4. Nah. 1:3. It is only in effect to their descendants if they practice evil. The visiting spread over in mercy, not extended in wrath.)
8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped. (This is ever the effect of the manifestation of Yahaveh in grace. Cp. 2 Sam. 7:18.)
9 And he said, "If now I have found grace in Your sight, O LORD, let my LORD, I pray You, go among us; for it is a stiff-necked people (the moment Yahaveh speaks of grace, Moses turns the very charge of Yahaveh, in 33:5, into a plea and ground for His presence); and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for Your inheritance."
F H1 10-17. The Covenant of Yahaveh remade. H2 18-26. The Commandments of Yahaveh repeated.
H1 K1 10,11. Yahaveh the only true God. K2 12-17. No other gods.
10 And He said, "Behold, I make a covenant (this covenant finds its complete fulfillment in the Apocalypse): before all your people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which you are shall see the work of the LORD: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with you.
11 Observe you that which I command you this day: behold, I drive out before you the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
12 Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you go, lest they be for a snare in the midst of you:
13 But you shall destroy their altars, break their sacred pillars (cp. 23:24; 24:4 and Lev. 26:1), and cut down their groves: (= 'âshêrâh. 1st occ. out of 40: always rendered "groves", but denotes a phallic image, worshiped by libidinous rites and lascivious practices)
14 For you shall worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, He is a jealous GOD:
15 Lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice to their gods, and one call you, and you eat of his sacrifice;
16 And you take of their daughters to your sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make your sons go a whoring after their gods.
17 You shall make you no molten gods.
H2 M v 18. The one Feast. No leaven. w 19,20. The Firstborn. Liberality. N 21. The Sabbath. M v 22-25. The 3 Feasts. No leaven. w 26. The First-fruits. Kindliness.
18 The feast of unleavened bread shall you keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, according as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the month Abib (our July 21st-Aug. 20th): for in the month Abib you came out from Egypt.
19 All that opens the matrix is Mine; and every first-ling among your cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.
20 But the first-ling of an ass you shall redeem (see 6:6 and 13;13) with a lamb: and if you redeem him not, then shall you break his neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And none shall appear before Me empty-handed.
21 Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest: in ploughing time and in harvest you shall rest.
22 And you shall observe the feast of weeks, of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of in-gathering at the year's end.
23 Thrice (the number of Divine perfection) in the year shall all your men children appear before the LORD GOD, the God of Israel.
24 For I will cast out the nations before you, and enlarge your borders: neither shall any man desire your land, when you shalt go up to appear before the LORD your God (Elohim) thrice in the year.
25 You shall not slay [and pour out] the blood of My sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.
26 The first of the first-fruits of your land you shall bring to the house of the LORD your God. You shall not seethe a kid in his mother's milk."
27 And the LORD said to Moses, "Write you these words (see 17:14): for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel."
August 2nd - Sept. 11th
28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And He wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
Y6 X1 34:29-35. Conclusion of the ascents. X2 35:1-3. Preparation for the work.
(Two episodes, concluding the ascents and descents preparatory to the other great event of this section [Ex. 15:22-40:38, viz. the setting up of the Tabernacle, and the command that none of the work was to be done on the Sabbath.)
29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai (Moses' 6th and last descent. Cp. 19:3) with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses knew not (cp. Moses' unconscious moral strength for testimony. Samson: unconscious weakness for unfaithfulness [Judg. 16:20]. Peter: unconscious deliverance for service [Acts 12:9]) that the skin of his face radiated (or was glorious, i.e. reflected as a mirror the Divine glory, see 2 Cor. 2:7; and cp. 1 Cor. 15:41. Rev. 18:1. Matt. 17:2. Acts 6:15) through His having spoken with him. (This interprets 1 John 3:2. Cp. Matt. 17;2, and the "till" of v. 33, and the "until" of v.35.)
30 And when Aaron and all the sons of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come near him. (Cp. Ex. 20:18-21)
31 And Moses called to them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned to him: and Moses talked with them.
32 And afterward all the sons of Israel came near: and he charged them with all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.
33 And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a veil on his face.
34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the veil off (and, when Israel turns thus to Yahaveh, He will take the veil from their heart, as Moses did from his face, 2 Cor. 3:16. We, now, are "not as Moses", v. 13.), until he came out. And he came out, and spoke to the sons of Israel that which he was commanded.
35 And the sons of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the veil upon his face again (so 2 Cor. 3:13. They could not see "the end of the Law", which is Christ. Rom. 10:4.), until he went in to speak with Him.