O Q¹ 1-3. Sacrifices. R¹ 4-9. Aaron and his sons. Q² 10-28. Sacrifices. R² 29,30. Aaron and his sons. Q³ 31-34. Sacrifices. R³ 35. Aaron and his sons. Q4 36-46. Sacrifices.
1 And this is the thing that you shall do to them to hallow them, to minister to Me (see 28:1) in the priest's office: Take one young bull and two rams without blemish, (This, with bread "without leaven" v.2, shows the inner meaning of "leaven")
2 And unleavened bread, unleavened cakes (= pierced cakes) tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil. You shall make them of fine wheat flour.
3 And you shall put them in one basket and bring them in the basket, with the bull and the two rams.
4 And you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tent of the congregation, and wash them in water. (Heb. râchaz = one of the ceremonial washings refereed to in Heb.6:2, and rendered "baptism")
5 And you shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the coat and the robe of the ephod (see 28:6), and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the embroidered girdle of the ephod;
6 And you shall put the turban on his head, and put the holy crown upon the turban.
7 Then you shall take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head and anoint him.
8 And you shall bring his sons, and put coats on them.
9 And you shall gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons and put caps on them; and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and you shall install Aaron and his sons.
10 And you shall cause a bull to be brought before the tent of the congregation: And Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bull.
11 And you shall kill the bull before the Lord, by the door of the tent of congregation.
12 And you shall take the blood of the bull and put it upon the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour all of the blood beside the bottom of the altar.
13 And you shall take all the fat that covers the entrails, and the appendage that is above the liver (the omentum, not the midriff, but the flap over the liver), and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, and burn them upon the altar.
14 But the flesh of the bull, and its skin, and its dung, you shall burn with fire outside the camp (cp. Heb.13:11-13. A un-holy camp was unfit for a holy sin offering); it is a sin offering. (Heb. sin, put as in Gen. 4:7, for sin offering)
15 You shall also take ram, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
16 And you shall slay the ram, and shall take his blood and sprinkle it against the altar round about.
17 And you shall cut the ram into pieces, and wash the entrails of him, and his legs, and put them with his pieces and his head,
18 And you shall burn the whole ram upon the altar; it is a burnt offering to the Lord; it is a sweet savor (Heb. "savor of rest", i.e. complacency or satisfaction. See Gen.8:21), an offering by fire to the Lord.
19 And you shall take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
20 And you shall kill the ram, and take of his blood, and (calling attention to the several parts touched by the atoning blood. All were consecrated, and each one is singled out and emphasized by the several "ands") put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron (The Anti-type, Christ, so anointed and set apart "on the holy mount", 2 Pet. 1:16-18. See 28:1,2. Cp. Ps. 45:7. Heb. 1:9. Note "your fellows", but "above" them, infinitely "above"), and upon the tips of the right ears of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
21 And you shall take of the blood that is on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon his sons' garments with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.
22 Also you shall take of the ram the fat of the rump, , and the fat that covers the entrails, and the appendage over the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration.
23 And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of unleavened bread that is before the Lord;
24 And you shall put all these in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shall wave them for a wave offering before the Lord.
25 And you shall receive them from their hands, and burn them on the altar for a burnt offering, as a sweet savor before the Lord; it is an offering made by fire to the Lord.
26 And you shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the Lord; and it shall be your portion.
27 And you shall sanctify the breast of the wave offering (turned to the four quarters of the earth), and the shoulder of the heave offering (lifted up to heaven for Yahaveh only), which is waved, and which is heaved up of the ram of consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and that of which is for his sons.
28 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the sons of Israel, for it is a heave offering: and it shall be a heave offering from the sons of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings; even their heave offering to the Lord.
29 And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to be anointed therein, and consecrated in them.
30 And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he comes into the tent of the congregation to minister in the holy place. (See 3:5)
31 And you shall take the ram of consecration, and boil his flesh in the holy place;
32 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket (This explains John 6:33. In Ex. 29 this was literal, but in our case it must of necessity be purely and wholly spiritual. Cp. the eating of v.33 and the burning of v.34 with the eating and burning of the Paschal Lamb, Ex. 12:10,11), at the door of the tent of congregation.
33 And they shall eat those things with which atonement was made (The first occ. of the English word. The Heb. kåphar, to cover, gives the essential meaning, as shown in its first occurrence, Gen.6:14, where it is rendered "pitch it". See Gen.32:20. Ps. 32:1. Hence used of the mercy-seat. See 25:17. The English "at-one-ment" has no connection whatsoever with the Heb. word kâphar), to install and sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.
34 And if any of the flesh of the consecration, or of the bread, remain until the morning, then you shall burn the remainder with fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
35 And thus you shall do to Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded you; seven days shall you install them.
36 And you shall make ready to sacrifice every day a bull for a sin offering: and you shall cleanse the altar, when you have made a covering for it, and you shall anoint it, to sanctify it.
37 Seven days you shall make covering for the altar, and sanctify it, and it shall be an altar most holy; whatsoever touches the altar shall be holy.
38 Now this is that which you shall prepare to sacrifice upon the altar; two lambs of the first year old day by day continually. (See the Divine comment on this. Heb. 9:9; 10:1,2)
39 The one lamb you shall prepare to sacrifice in the morning, and the second lamb you shall prepare to sacrifice in the evening (Heb. between the two evenings =at dusk. See Ex. 12:6; 16:12; 30:8);
40 And with the first lamb a tenth deal (approx. 1/2 gal.) of fine flour mingled with a fourth of a hin (= approx. 1 quart) of beaten oil, and a fourth of a hin of wine for a drink offering.
41 And the other lamb you shall prepare to sacrifice at dusk, and you shall do thereto according to the meal offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savor (= satisfaction), an offering by fire to the Lord.
42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tent of the congregation before the Lord, where I will meet by appointment with you (see 25:22), to speak there to you. 43 And there I will meet by appointment with the sons of Israel, and with the tabernacle it shall be sanctified by My glory;
44 I will sanctify the tent of the congregation and the altar; I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to Me in the priest's office.
45 And I will dwell among the sons of Israel, and will be their God.
46 And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, That brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I might dwell in the midst them (this was the object in bringing them forth from Egypt); I am the Lord their God.