1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Declare that I will sanctify (or set apart, which Moses did in vv.11,12) to Me all the firstborn, whatsoever opens the womb among the sons of Israel, both of mankind and of beast; it is Mine.'
p q 3-5. "And it shall be," &c. r 6,7. Separation of Days. s 8. Your son's instruction. t 9-. The Sign. u -9,10. Reason, "For by a strong hand." q 11. "And it shall be," &c. r 12,13. Separation of First-born. s 14,15. Your son's instruction. t 16-. The Token. u -16. Reason, "For by strength of hand."
(There are two pairs of Phylacteries, so called [in Greek] from their use = a prayer-fillet or band worn today on forehead and hands during prayer. First pair here, Ex.13:3-10 and 13:11-16. Second pair in Deut. 6:4-9 and 11:13-21. Cp. the structures in Deut. 6:4-9)
3 And Moses said to the people, "Remember this day, in which you all came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
4 This day came you all out in the month Abib. (= Our late March through April. Abib = the month of green ears. Jewish tradition says that this month Abraham was called, Isaac was born, Israel delivered from Egypt, and Tabernacle reared up. The Talmud further says: "As in Nisan there had been redemption, so in Nisan there should be redemption"- Bab.fol.11. John's preaching began and the Lord's death occurred in this month.)
5 And it shall be when the Lord shall bring you into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month.
6 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the Lord.
7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with you, neither shall there be leaven seen with you in all your quarters.
8 And you shall show your son in that day, saying, 'This is done because of that which the Lord did to me when I came forth out of Egypt.'
9 And it shall be for a sign to you upon your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the Lord's law may be in your mouth:
for with a strong hand has the Lord brought you out of Egypt.
10 You shall therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.
11 And it shall be when the Lord shall bring you into the land of the Canaanites, as He swore to you and to your fathers, and shall give it to you,
12 That you shall set apart to the Lord all that opens the matrix, and every first-ling that comes of a beast which you have; the males shall be the Lord's.
13 And every first-ling of an ass ("ass" put for all animals not offered in sacrifice) you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among your children shall you redeem (ransom from bondage, by power).
14 And it shall be when your son asks you in time to come, saying, 'What is this?' that you shall say to him, 'By strength of hand the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage:
15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the Lord (Yahaveh) slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all that opens the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my sons I ransom.'
16 And it shall be for a token upon your hand, and for front-lets between thine eyes:
for by strength of hand the Lord brought us forth out of Egypt."
m v 17,18. Yahaveh's leading. w 19. The bones of Joseph. v 20-22. Yahaveh's guidance.
17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the People go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, "Lest perhaps the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt:"
18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea (Heb. Yam suph = weedy, or reedy. Eng. "Red" comes from the Greeks reading Edom [whose land it washed] as an appellate instead of a proper name [Esau or Edom = red, Gen.25:25]. Called "red" from Sept. Dried up 50 miles north of present shore. Will quite dry up in future Exodus, Isa.11:15,16; 19:5): and the sons of Israel went up harnessed (= armed) out of the land of Egypt. (As Josh. 1:14. Judg. 7:11. 1 Chron. 7:21; or marshaled by fives, as in Kings 1:9. Isa. 3:3 [#5 = grace]. To this day the number 5 is an evil number in Egypt. Whichever is the meaning, both point to order and organization. They were an ordered "host"-2:41, and not a disorderly rabble.)
19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him (another evidence of order. Cp. Gen.50:25. Joseph's faith exhibited 150 years before. Cp. also Josh.24:32 and Acts 7:15,16): for he had straightly sworn the sons of Israel, saying, "God will surely visit you (see Gen.50:25, and cp. Gen. 26:28); and you all shall carry up my bones away from this place with you."
20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham (Heb.= bounded by the sea), in the edge of the wilderness.
21 And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud (it was hot and He cooled them with the shade), to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: (not part of the time, the whole time)
22 He took not away (see 40:36-38) the pillar of the cloud (see 24:15-18) by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the People.