9:1-10:11. Warnings.

l3  v1  9:1-6. Prospective.
    v1  9:7-10:11. Retrospective.

9:1-6. Warnings; Prospective.

v1  w  1,2. Possession given by Yahaveh.
     x  3-. "Understand therefore."
      y  z1  -3. Yahaveh going before.
          a  4-. Warning (negative).
         z2  -4. Yahaveh driving out.
          a  5-. Warning (negative).
         z3  -5. Yahaveh driving out.
     x  6-. "Understand therefore."
    w  -6. Possession given by Yahaveh.

Deuteronomy 9)

1: Hear, O Israel:

You are to pass over Jordan this day (i.e. it is declared this day, &c. Fig. Metonymy [of Subject] where the action is put for the declaration concerning it. Punctuate thus: "Hear, O Israel this day" &c. See 4:26), to go in to possess nations greater and mightier than yourself (put for countries inhabited by them), cities great and fenced up to heaven,
2: A people great and tall, the sons of the Anakims (the descendants of Anak; the progeny of the second irruption of fallen angels. See Gen. 6:4, and cp. Josh. 11:22), whom you know, and of whom you have heard say, 'Who can stand before the sons of Anak!'

3: Understand therefore this day,

that the Lord your God is He which goes over before you; as a consuming fire (see Heb. 12:29) He shall destroy them (Heb. shamad, exterminate), and He shall bring them down before your face: so shall you drive them out, and destroy (Heb. abad, cause to perish) them quickly (see 7:22), according as the Lord has said to you (see Ex.23:29,30. Moab subdued [Judg. 3:30]; Midian subdued [Judg. 8:28]; Ammon subdued [Judg. 11:33]; Philistines subdued [1 Sam. 7:13].Cp. Neh. 9:24).

4: Do not speak in your heart, after that the Lord your God has cast them out from before you, saying, 'For my righteousness the Lord has brought me in to possess this land:'

but for the wickedness of these nations the Lord does drive them out from before you.

5: Not for your righteousness (cp. Titus 3:5. Rom. 11:6. 2 Tim. 1:9), or for the uprightness of your heart, do you go to possess their land: but for the wickedness of these nations the Lord your God does drive them out from before you, and that He may perform the word which the Lord swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (all 3 mentioned in connection with the oath).

6: Understand therefore,

that the Lord your God gives you not this good land to possess it for your righteousness; for you are a stiff-necked People.

9:7-10:11. Retrospective Warnings.

v2  b1  9:7,8. People. Provocation.
     c1  9:9-11. Moses. Ascent of Mount.
    b2  9:12-14. People. Provocation.
     c2  9:15. Moses. Descent. Tables carried.
    b3  9:16. People. Provocation.
     c3  9:17. Moses. Tables broken.
    b4  9:18,19-. People. Provocation.
     c4  9:-19-21. Moses. Intercession.
    b5  9:22-24. People. Provocation.
     c5  9:25-10:5. Moses. Intercession and second Tables.
    b6  10:6-11. People. Journeying.

7: Remember, and forget not, how you provoked the Lord your God to wrath in the wilderness: from the day that you did depart out of the land of Egypt, until you all came to this place, you all have been rebellious against the Lord.
8: Also in Horeb you all provoked the Lord to wrath, so that the Lord was angry with you to have exterminated you (or cut off).

9: When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the Lord made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights (the number of probation. See Ex. 24:18; 34:28), I neither did eat bread nor drink water:
10: And the Lord delivered to me two tables of stone written with the finger of God (see Ex.17:14); and on them was written according to all the words, which the Lord spoke with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly.
11: And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights, that the Lord gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant.

12: And the Lord said to me (see 2:9, and cp. Ex. 32:7,8), 'Arise, get you down quickly from this place; for your People which you hast brought forth out of Egypt have corrupted themselves; they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them; they have made them a molten image.'
13: Furthermore the Lord spoke to me, saying, 'I have seen this People, and, behold, it is a stiff-necked People:
14: Let Me alone (cp. Ps.46:10, where it is rendered "Be still"), that I may exterminate them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.'

15: So I turned and came down from the mount (cp. Ex. 32:15), and the mount burned with fire: and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands.

16: And I looked, and, behold, you all had sinned against the Lord your God, and had made you a molten calf: you all had turned aside quickly out of the way which the Lord had commanded you.

17: And I took the two tables (cp. Ex. 32:19), and cast them out of my two hands, and broke them before your eyes.

18: And I fell down before the Lord, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which you all sinned, in doing the wicked thing in the sight of the Lord (i.e. idolatry), to provoke Him to anger.
19: For I was alarmed of the anger and hot displeasure, wherewith the Lord was wroth against you to exterminate you.

But the Lord listened to me at that time also.
20: And the Lord was very angry with Aaron to have exterminated him: and I prayed for Aaron also the same time.
21: And I took your sin, the calf which you all had made, and burnt it (down) with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount (cp. Ex. 32:20, which is here explained).

22: {And (note the Parenthesis of vv.22-24) at Taberah (= burning, cp. Num. 11:1-3), and at Massah (= temptation, cp. Ex. 17:7), and at Kibroth-hattaavah (= the graves of lust, cp. Num. 11:34), you all provoked the Lord to wrath.
23: Likewise when the Lord sent you from Kadesh-barnea, saying, 'Go up and possess the land which I have given you;' then you all rebelled against the commandment of the Lord your God, and you all believed Him not, nor listened to His voice.
24: You all have been rebellious against the Lord from the day that I knew you.}

25: Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first; because the Lord had said He would exterminate you.
26: I prayed therefore to the Lord, and said, 'O Lord GOD (God's ownership emphasized by this title), do not exterminate Your People and Your inheritance, which You have redeemed through Your greatness, which You have brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
27: Remember Your servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; look not to the stubbornness of this people (= obduracy, or obstinacy), nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin:
28: Lest the land from which place You brought us out say, 'Because the Lord was not able to bring them into the land which He promised them, and because He hated them, He has brought them out to slay them in the wilderness.'
29: Yet they are Your People and Your inheritance, which You brought out by Your mighty power and by Your stretched out arm.

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