Deuteronomy 7)

1: When the the Lord your God shall bring you into the land to which place you go to possess it, and has cast out many nations before you (10 altogether are mentioned by name, here only 7. Other lists name 6. Girgashites generally omitted. In the days of Ezra [9:1] 5 were still in the land. In the Tel-el-Armarna Tablets 8 are named. Cp. Rev.17:12), the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you;
2: And when the Lord your God shall deliver them before you;

thou shall smite them, and utterly destroy them (= devote them to destruction. Heb. hram. Cp. Ex. 23:24; 34:12-17, and see v.12); you shall make no covenant with them, nor show mercy to them:
3: Neither shall you make marriages with them; your daughter you shall not give to his son, nor his daughter shall you take to your son.
4: For they will turn away your son from following Me (the very words of Yahaveh introduced), that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and cut you off suddenly.
5: But (= But rather, or truly) thus shall you all deal with them; you all shall break down their altars (Heb. nathaz), and break into fragments their images (Heb. shabab), and cut down their groves (= idols, e.g. ashteroth), and burn their sculptures with fire.

6: For you are set apart (see Ex. 3:5) people unto the Lord your God: The Lord your God has chosen you (this is the word emphasized by the Heb. accent [paseh], "you has Yehovah chosen". This is the basis of all else that is here stated. It does not mean superior, it means chosen to do a special job.) to be a special people to Himself (= peculiar, see Ex. 19:5, or "His people as a treasure". Cp. 26:18. 1 Pet. 2:9), above all Peoples that are upon the face of the earth (= ground).
7: The Lord did not set His affection upon you (Heb. hsak, a love which joins one to what is loved = to set one's love upon), nor choose you, because you all were more in number than any people; for you all were the fewest of all people:
8: But because the Lord loved you (Heb. hab, love at its highest sense, love that delights in its object), and because He would keep the oath which He had sworn to your fathers, has the Lord brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen (cp. 5:6, and Ex.20:2), from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
9: Know therefore that the Lord your God, He is God, the faithful GOD (= the great and mighty God), Which keeps covenant and mercy (= loving-kindness, or grace) with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations;
10: And repays them that hate Him to their face, to destroy them (= cause them to perish, Heb. abad): and He will not be slack to him that hates Him, He will repay him to his face.
11: You shall therefore keep the commandments, and the ordinances, and the duties and punishments, which I command you this day, to do them.

12: Wherefore (or that is why) it shall come to pass, if you all listen to these duties and punishments, and keep, and do them,

that the Lord your God shall keep to you the covenant and the mercy which He swore to your fathers:
13: And He will love you, and bless you, and multiply you: He will also bless the fruit of your womb, and the fruit of your land, your corn, and your new wine (Heb. trsh), and your oil, the increase of your kine (Heb. sheger, only here, 28:4,18,51, and Ex.13:2 ["comes off"] in the sense of multiplying by generation), and the flocks of your sheep (only here, and Deut. 28:4,18,51. These 3 word are peculiar to Deut.), in the land which He swore to your fathers to give you.
14: You shall be blessed above all Peoples: there shall not be male or female barren among you (cp. Ex. 23:26), or among your cattle.
15: And the Lord will take away from you all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which you know, upon you; but will lay them upon all them that hate you.

16: And you shall consume all the people which the Lord your God shall deliver you (this commandment never fully obeyed. Even today. Cp. Ezra 9:1, and see Ex. 23:24,32; 34:12-17); your eye shall have no pity upon them: neither shall you serve their gods; for that will be a snare to you.
17: If you shall say in your heart (= mind), These nations are more than I; how can I dispossess them?

18: You shall not be afraid of them: but shall well remember what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh, and to all Egypt;
19: The great temptations which your eyes saw (= trials, as manifested in Yahaveh's wonderful works), and the signs, and the wonders, and the mighty hand, and the stretched out arm, whereby the Lord your God brought you out: so shall the Lord your God do to all the people of whom you are afraid.
20: Moreover the Lord your God will send the hornet among them (a fierce kind of wasp. May be taken literally of by Fig. Metonymy [of cause], for the terror caused by it. Cp. Ex. 23:27, and Deut.2:25. Or, by Fig. Metonymy [of Adjunct], for Egypt; the hornet being the royal symbol. Occ. 3 times. Ex. 23:28 and Deut. 7:20, prophecy, and once fulfillment, Josh. 24:12), until they that are left, and hide themselves from you, be destroyed (= caused to perish).
21: You shall not be frightened of them:

for the Lord your God is among you, a mighty GOD and to be feared (or revered).
22: And the Lord your God will put out those nations before you (Heb. "before your face") by little and little (referring to all the nations of Canaan. Ex. 23:29,30. Cp. 9:3, "quickly", which refers to Israel and the "sons of Anak" [9:2]): you may not consume them at once, lest the beasts of the field increase upon you.
23: But the Lord your God shall deliver them to you, and shall discomfort them (Heb. Hm, to put in consternation) with a mighty discomfiture, until they be exterminated (Heb. shamad).
24: And He shall deliver their kings into your hand, and you shall destroy their name from under heaven: there shall no man be able to stand before you, until you have exterminated them.
25: The graven images of their gods shall you all burn with fire: you shall not desire the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it unto you, lest you be snared therein: for it is an abomination to the Lord your God.
26: Neither shall you bring an abomination into your house, lest you be a cursed thing like it (Heb. a thing devoted to destruction, cp. 13:17. Josh. 6:18. Isa. 34:5; 43:28. Mal. 4:6. Heb. hrem. Cp. other words in vv.23,24): but you shall utterly detest it, and you shall utterly abhor it; for it is a thing devoted to destruction.

Next page

Home