c T1 1-14. Blessings. T1 15-68. Curses.
T1 w 1-. Obedience. x -1,2-. Blessings (general). w -2. Obedience. x 3-14. Blessings (particular).1452 B.C.
1: And it shall come to pass, if you shall listen diligently to the voice of the Lord your God, to observe and to do all His commandments which I command you this day (see 4:26),
that the Lord your God will set you on high above all nations of the earth (see 26:19):
2: And all these blessings shall come on you, and overtake you,
if you shall listen to the voice of the Lord your God.
3: Blessed (6 "blessed's", 6 = the number of man) shall you be in the city, and blessed shall you be in the field.
4: Blessed shall be the fruit of your body, and the fruit of your ground, and the fruit of your cattle, the increase of your kine, and the flocks of your sheep.
5: Blessed shall be your basket (Fig., put for its contents) and your store (= kneading-troughs, put for the dough in them).
6: Blessed shall you be when you come in (Idiom for life in general. Cp. Ps.121:8), and blessed shall you be when you go out.
7: Te Lord shall cause your enemies that rise up against you to be smitten before your face: they shall come out against you one way, and flee before you seven ways.
8: The Lord shall command the blessing upon you in your storehouses (= barns. Heb. 'āsam. Occ. only here and Ps. 121:8), and in all that you set your hands to (= let your hands go forth. Fig., put for all that is wrought by it); and He shall bless you in the land which the Lord your God gives you.
9: The Lord shall establish you as a holy (= set apart, see Ex. 3:5) people to Himself, according as He has sworn to you, if you shall keep the commandments of the Lord, and walk in His ways.
10: And all Peoples of the earth shall see that you are called by the name of the Lord (today we are called Christians); and they shall be afraid of you.
11: And the Lord shall make you plenteous in goods (= for good, or in hat which is good), in the fruit of your body, and in the fruit of your cattle, and in the fruit of your soil, on the soil which the Lord swore to your fathers to give you.
12: The Lord shall open to you His good treasure, the heaven to give the rain to your land in his season (cp. 11:4), and to bless all the work of your hands: and you shall lend to many nations (cp. 15:6 and Prov. 22:7), and you shall not borrow.
13: And the Lord shall make you the head, and not the tail (Fig., for great emphasis); and you shall be above only, and you shall not be beneath (see note above); if that you listen to the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you this day, to observe and to do them:
14: And you shall not go aside from any of the words which I command you this day (Cp. 17:11,20. Prov. 4:27), to the right hand, or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them.
T2 y 15-. Disobedience. z -15-57. Curses. y 58. Disobedience. z 59-68. Curses.
15: But it shall come to pass, if you will not listen to the voice of the Lord your God, to observe to do all His commandments and His ordinances (see 4:1) which I command you this day; (Compare this with today. Do you know of anytime in history were there is more Biblical illiteracy or disobeying God's commands than there is today?)
that all these curses shall come upon you (6 curses. #6 = the number of Satin), and overtake you:
16: Cursed shall you be in the city (Can you walk safely down the streets today?), and cursed shall you be in the field (see Isa.).
17: Cursed shall be your basket and your store (How many groceries can you buy for $1.00? (plus tax)).
18: Cursed shall be the fruit of your body (your children if they don't know God's Word), and the fruit of your land (cp. what happened to Job when Satin was allowed to try to take him away from God), the increase of your kine, and the flocks of your sheep.
19: Cursed shall you be when you come in, and cursed shall you be when you go out (Heb. Idiom for life in general. It will seem like you can't win. Right is wrong and wrong is right).
20: The Lord shall send upon you cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that you set your hand to for to do, until you are destroyed, and until you perish quickly; because of the evil of your doings, whereby you have forsaken Me.
21: The Lord shall make the pestilence cleave to you (probably true Oriental plague), until He have consumed you from off the soil, to which place you go to possess it.
22: The Lord shall smite you with a consumption (probably tuberculosis), and with a fever (probably a continued fever of some kind), and with an inflammation (probably the rigor and heat of malarial intermittent fever), and with an extreme burning (probably prickly heat), and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue you until you perish.
23: And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.
24: The Lord shall make the rain of your land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon you, until you are destroyed.
25: The Lord shall cause you to be smitten before your enemies (Note the fulfillment of vv.25,37,46,48,49,50,52,62, reaching down to present day): you shall go out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them: and shall be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
26: And your carcass shall be meat to all fowls of the air (Septuagint, hoi nekroi, with article, denoting corpses as distinct from the people who are dead), and to the beasts of the earth, and no man shall frighten them away.
27: The Lord will smite you with the botch of Egypt (= elephantiasis), and with the hemorrhoids, and with the scab (= aggravated psoriasis), and with the itch (= prurigo. Heb. word means to scrape), whereof you can not be healed.
28: The Lord shall smite you with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart:
29: And you shall grope at noonday, as the blind gropes in darkness, and you shall not prosper in your ways: and you shall be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save you.
30: You shall betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her (Heb. Euphemism for "ravish"): you shall build an house, and you shall not dwell therein: you shall plant a vineyard, and shall not gather the grapes thereof.
31: Your ox shall be slain before your eyes, and you shall not eat thereof: your ass shall be violently taken away from before your face, and shall not be restored to you: your sheep shall be given to your enemies, and you shall have none to rescue them.
32: Your sons and your daughters shall be given to another people, and your eyes shall look, and fail with longing for them all the day long: and there shall be no power in your hands.
33: The fruit of your land, and all your labors (Fig. put for the result or fruit of them), shall a nation which you know not eat up; and you shall be only oppressed and crushed always:
34: So that you shall be mad for the sight of your eyes which you shall see.
35: The Lord shall smite you in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the top of your head.
36: The Lord shall bring you, and your king which you shall set over you, to a nation which neither you nor your fathers have known; and there shall you serve other gods, wood and stone.
37: And you shall become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations (= peoples. Cp. 1 Kings 9:8. Ps. 44:13,14) to which pace the Lord shall lead you.
38: You shall carry much seed out into the field, and shall gather but little in; for the locust shall consume it (Heb. arbeh. Used of the Egyptian plague. Ex. 10:4 &c. Cp. v.42).
39: You shall plant vineyards, and dress them, but shall neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them.
40: You shall have olive trees throughout all your borders (or confines), but you shall not anoint yourself with the oil; for your olive shall cast his fruit.
41: You shall beget sons and daughters, but you shall not enjoy them; for they shall go into captivity.
42: All your trees and fruit of your land shall the locust consume (= grasshopper. Heb. zelāzel, from the noise of its wings).
43: The stranger that is within you shall get up above you very high; and you shall come down very low (Cp. Isa. 26:3 &c.).
44: He shall lend to you, and you shall not lend to him: he shall be the head, and you shall be the tail.
45: Moreover all these curses shall come upon you, and shall pursue you, and overtake you, till you be destroyed; because you listened not to the voice of the Lord your God, to keep His commandments and His ordinances which He commanded you:
46: And they shall be upon you for a sign and for a wonder, and upon your seed for ever (Fig. The whole of time put for a part of it).
47: Because you served not the Lord your God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things;
48: Therefore shall you serve your enemies which the Lord shall send against you, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and He shall put a yoke of iron upon your neck (Fig., put for a heavy yoke or grievous bondage), until He has destroyed you.
49: The Lord shall bring a nation against you from far (The judgments that follow are for "the Jew [here Israelites] first", but also for the Gentile. Cp. Isa. 13:9. Rom. 2:7-10), from the end of the earth, according as swift as the eagle flies; a nation whose tongue you shall not understand (Heb. "hear", put for understanding);
50: A nation of fierce countenance (Heb. = strong of face: "strong" put by Fig., for boldness of fierceness), which shall not regard the person of the old, nor show favor to the young:
51: And he shall eat the fruit of your cattle, and the fruit of your land, until you are destroyed: which also shall not leave you either corn, wine (Heb. tīrōsh. Some codices read "or new wine"), or oil, or the increase of your kine, or flocks of your sheep, until he have destroyed thee.
52: And he shall besiege you in all your gates, until your high and fenced walls come down, wherein you trusted, throughout all your land: and he shall besiege you in all your gates throughout all your land, which the Lord your God has given you.
53: And you shall eat the fruit of your own body (Cp. Jer. 19:9), the flesh of your sons and of your daughters, which the Lord your God has given you, in the siege, and in the straightness, wherewith your enemies shall distress you:
54: So that the man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which he shall leave:
55: So that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat: because he has nothing left him in the siege, and in the straightness, wherewith your enemies shall distress you in all your gates.
56: The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure (Old English Idiom for "venture to go") to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter,
57: And toward her young one that comes out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all things secretly in the siege and straightness, wherewith your enemy shall distress you in your gates.
58: If You will not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book (see Ex. 17:14, and cp. v.61 below), that you may revere this glorious and fearful name (Fig., put for Him Who bears it), THE LORD YOUR GOD;
59: Then the Lord will make your plagues wonderful, and the plagues of your seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance.
60: Moreover He will bring upon you all the diseases of Egypt, which you were afraid of; and they shall cleave to you.
61: Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in this book of this law (Cp. v.58. Deut. 29:21; 30:10. 2 Kings 22:13 and Ex.17:14), them will the Lord bring upon you, until you are destroyed.
62: And you all shall be left few in number, whereas you all were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because you would not obey the voice of the Lord your God.
63: And it shall come to pass, that as the Lord rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the Lord will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nothing; and you all shall be plucked from off the land to which place you go to possess it.
64: And the Lord shall scatter you among all people (= all kinds of peoples), from the one end of the earth even to the other; and there you shall serve other gods, which neither you nor your fathers have known, even wood and stone.
65: And among these nations shall you find no ease, neither shall the sole of your foot have rest: but the Lord shall give you there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind (Heb. soul):
66: And your life shall hang in doubt before you; and you shall fear day and night (Cp. Job 23:15. This word is a Homonym. See Isa.60:5), and shall have none assurance of your life:
67: In the morning you shall say, 'Would God it were evening!' (Fig. Eucke, or Prayer. An expression of feeling by way of prayer, curse, or imprecation) and at evening you shall say, 'Would God it were morning!' for the fear of your heart wherewith you shall fear, and for the sight of your eyes which you shall see.
68: And the Lord shall bring you into Egypt again (So Hos. 8:13; 9:3. May be put by Fig., for servitude) with ships (2nd occ. in O.T. See Gen.49:13), by the way whereof I spoke to you, 'You shall see it no more again:' and there you all shall be put up for sale to your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you." (This is the end of Moses' 5th address. See 1:6)