22:1-8. Property.

L2  k  1-4. Lost. (Animals, astray).
     l  5. Dress.
    k  6,7. Found. (Birds).
     l  8. Dwellings.

1452 B.C.

Deuteronomy 22)

1: You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep go astray (cp. Ex. 23:4,5), and hide yourself from them: you shall in any case bring them again to your brother.
2: And if your brother be not near to you, or if you know him not, then you shall bring it to your own house, and it shall be with you until your brother seek after it, and you shall restore it to him again.
3: In like manner shall you do with his ass; and so shall you do with his clothing; and with all lost thing of your brother's, which he has lost, and you have found, shall you do likewise: you may not hide yourself.
4: You shall not see thy brother's ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide yourself from them: you shall surely help him to lift them up again (see Ex. 23:5).

5: The woman shall not wear that which (i.e. any article of ornament or apparel) pertains to a man (Heb. geber, mighty man, in respect of his physical strength), neither shall a man put on a woman's garment (generally red, and shunned by men. This also means that should not take the place of a woman sexually, i.e. homosexually): for all that do so are abomination to the Lord your God (don't do things that are unnatural).

6: If a bird's nest by chance be before you in the way in any tree, or on the ground, whether they be young ones, or eggs, and the dam sitting upon the young, or upon the eggs, you shall not take the dam with the young (a special various reading called Sevir reads, "their lying nests", i.e. before all the eggs are laid):
7: But you shall in any wise let the dam go, and take the young to you; that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days.

8: When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof (i.e. a low wall about 3 feet high running around the flat roof), that you bring not blood upon your house, if any man fall from there.

9,10. Sowing and plowing.

9: You shall not sow your vineyard with two kinds of seeds (cp. Lev.19:19): lest the fruit of your seed which you have sown, and the fruit of your vineyard, be defiled.
10: You shall not plow with an ox and an ass together (One clean, the other unclean; one tall, the other short, therefore cruel under the same yolk).

22:11-23:25. Persons

J2  m1  22:11,12. Men.
     n1  22:13-30. Women.
    m2  23:1-16. Men.
     n2  23:17,18. Women.
    m3  23:19-23. Men.

11: You shall not wear a garment of two kinds, as of woolen and linen together (One animal, the other vegetable. Linen used of Divine righteousness [Rev. 19:8], and not to be mixed with animal or fleshy labor).
12: You shall make you fringes (= twisted cords. In Matt.23:5 the Greek craspda, because hanging like locks of hair. Not the same an Num. 15:38 which was ordained to distinguish Israel from the nations) upon the four quarters (Heb. = wings) of your vesture, wherewith you cover yourself.

22:13-30. Women.

n1  o1  13-21. Wives.
    o2  22-30. Violations.

13: If any man take a wife, and go in unto her, and hate her,
14: And give occasions of speech against her, and bring up an evil name upon her, and say, I took this woman, and when I came to her, I found her not a maid:
15: Then shall the father of the damsel, and her mother, take and bring forth the tokens of the damsel's virginity (explained by the word's " the tokens of") to the elders of the city in the gate:
16: And the damsel's father shall say to the elders, 'I gave my daughter to this man to wife, and he hates her;
17: And, lo, he has given occasions of speech against her, saying, 'I found not your daughter a maid;' and yet these are the tokens of my daughter's virginity.' And they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city.
18: And the elders of that city shall take that man and chastise him;
19: And they shall fine him in a hundred shekels of silver (approx. 50 oz.), and give them to the father of the damsel, because he has brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel: and she shall be his wife; he may not put her away all his days.
20: But if this thing be true, and the tokens of virginity be not found for the damsel:
21: Then they shall bring out the damsel to the entrance of her father's house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she has wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her father's house: so shall you put the wicked things away from among you (see 13:5).

22: If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, both the man that lay with the woman, and the woman: so shall you put away the wicked things from Israel.
23: If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed to an husband (this, taken with "wife" [v.24] explains Matt.1:19,20), and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;
24: Then you all shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you all shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, being in the city; and the man, because he has humbled his neighbor's wife (see v.23 above): so you shall put away the wicked things from among you.
25: But if a man find a betrothed damsel in the field, and the man force her, and lie with her: then the man only that lay with her shall die:
26: But to the damsel you shall do nothing; there is in the damsel no sin worthy of death: for according as when a man rises against his neighbor, and slays him, even so is this matter:
27: For he found her in the field, and the betrothed damsel cried, and there was none to save her.
28: If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;
29: Then the man that lay with her shall give to the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he has humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.
30: A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt (put for nakedness, i.e. to have sexual intercourse. Cp. Lev. 18:7,8; 20:11).

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