THE DESOLATIONS OF JERUSALEM.
1,2. The time.
3-19. Daniel's Humiliation.
-23-27. The Prophecy.
Daniel 9:1 In the first year of Darius
(This is an appellative, and means the maintainer or restrainer: i.e. Cyrus.)
the son of Ahasuerus,
(An appellative = the venerable king Astyages)
of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;
(Old land of Babylon.)
2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books
(Jer. 29:1,10, as well as 25:11)
the number of the years,
(Which were now drawing to and end.)
whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet,
(The passage was doubtless 25:11-14; 29:10-14)
that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
(From 479 to 409 B.C. The "desolations" had therefore lasted 42 years, and had yer 28 years to run before they were "accomplished". We find the same subdivision of the "servitude"; for from the 1st year of Nebuchadnezzar [496 B.C.] to the decree of Artaxerxes [454 B.C.] was 42 years; and from the decree to the end of the servitude was 28 years.)
3 And I set my face unto the Lord God,
(Knowledge of Yahaveh's words quickened his spiritual interest in them.)
to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:
(Here is wisdom. 1 - Confess and repent before you start with your problem; 2 - Praise our Father; 3 - Obey and keep His Commandments; 4- Then ask.)
4 And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, "O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love Him,
(Ex. 20:6; 34:6,7)
and to them that keep His commandments;
(This is how you are to start our prayer, with confession, repenting and cleaning out your soul before God. If you love God and are right before Him, God will keep His covenant [promises] and mercies to you. We all try and fall short of keeping His commandments, however, when we repent in Jesus name, He is faithful to forgive us, and to cleanse us from all our sins.)
(Note that Daniel associates himself with his People. Cp. Neh. 1; and 9:33-38. Ezra 9:5-15)
have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts and from Thy judgments:
(We didn't listed to Your Word. Nothing new under the sun. Look around today.)
6 Neither have we hearkened unto Thy servants the prophets, which spake in Thy name
(cp. Heb. 1:1. Ex. 7:1 with 4:16)
to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.
(Your neighbors have the same choice as you do. Look around you. How may precepts do you see taught from the pulpits today? God's way to be taught is as we are instructed to learn; line upon line; precept upon precept. There are very few doing it God's way. These instructions are to all the people, for God left no one out.)
7 O LORD, righteousness belongeth unto Thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them,
(Cp. Deut. 4:27. 2 Kinks 17:6,7. Isa. 11:11. Jer. 24:9. Amos 9:9; and see Acts 2:36. Notice that Daniel is dividing up these people, and identifying Judah (the tribe, including Benjamin), and Israel (the other ten tribes) which are scattered far off. Many of the inhabitants of Judah, following the captivity, were Kenites (Nethinims) and numbered a large body of those who returned out of Babylon. Today this also exists among the Jewish people, and Jeremiah refers to this when he talks about the good and bad figs which return in the final days to occupy Jerusalem. The further you drift from God, the further you drift from common sense and truth.)
because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee.
8 O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against Thee.
(The people deserve to not know who they are, because of their sins. A good education gives a good foundation in assisting in the knowledge of God's Word. This is to understand the world around us, and applying those tools in seeking out the truths of the Scriptures. Then apply that understanding to each of our lives, and develop our minds and character to be strong, as we prepare to stand against the Antichrist, and his one world system.)
9 To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against Him;
(He will always take you back.)
10 Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in His laws, which He set before us by His servants the prophets.
(The mercies of God are the compassion that God has for His people. Daniel is not only praying for himself, but for all of God's children. There is a great misunderstanding of the Scriptural laws, statutes, and ordinances. The blood ordinances are done away with in this age, for the blood of Jesus Christ that was shed on the cross paid for all sin of all time, for those who confess them. They don't apply any longer.
Many of the ritual ordinances and statutes simply are not practiced. However, the law, or ten Commandments, is a system of rules to apply to all lives and communities to keep order and respect amongst it's people.
One of the most foolish decisions ever put forth in the history of our entire nation was taking God and the ten Commandments out of our schools. This single move has created a nation of youth who respect little, if anything; Not our nation, nor it's leaders, their families, communities, nor personal property. To a degree, this foolish move has even removed the value of precious life, as kids kill kids, and commit suicide in large numbers. Today even the unborn is on the hit list of many organizations.)
11 Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey Thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us,
(Lev. 26:14,&c. Deut. 27:15,&c.; 28:15,&c.; 29:20; 30:17,18; 31:17; 32:19)
and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against Him.
(God warned us. We have seen in the past years that there is a movement to eliminate God's laws and replace them with the individual's ability to reason, and that he be guided by his feelings. This was the path of ancient Israel, and the Israel of today, the Christian nations. By doing this we bring a curse upon ourselves.)
12 And He hath confirmed His words,
(I.e. by His prophecies since the giving of the Law [2 King 17:13. Isa. 44:26. Lam. 2:17. Zech. 1:6)
which He spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem.
(This evil to be brought on Jerusalem and Israel is a calamity to come shortly. That calamity is going to affect the entire world. It is from Jerusalem that the Antichrist, Satan, will rule his one world religious order. It shall happen, and this generation is the generation that will allow it to happen, and be part of it.)
13 As it is written in the law of Moses,
(Lev. 24:16,&c. Deut. 28:15,&c.)
all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand Thy truth.
(Should we be surprised at what is happening today? No. It has been written by the prophets, and is reported as current events nightly on all the news channels. The curse that is to fall upon our nation, and those people who have not obeyed God and His word, can be avoided by you and I by repenting and doing things as God and the prophets have instructed us. Obey the laws of God. Repent of those things which come between us and our heavenly Father.)
14 Therefore hath the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us:
(Cp. Jer. 31:28; 44:27. Kiss the paddle of our Father and thank Him for it. It keeps you out of trouble)
for the LORD our God is righteous in all His works which He doeth: for we obeyed not His voice.
(He allows it if you don't obey, so don't complain.)
15 And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand,
(Ex. 6:1,6; 12:41; 14:18; 32:11)
and hast gotten Thee renown, as at this day;
(God kept His word. Can you keep yours?)
we have sinned, we have done wickedly.
16 O LORD, according to all Thy righteousness, I beseech Thee, let Thine anger and Thy fury be turned away from Thy city Jerusalem, Thy holy mountain:
(Mount Zion. His favorite place in the whole world. Do you want to know where heaven will be? Read Rev. 21)
because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach to all that are about us.
(As it is to this day. Cp. Jer. 24:9; 29:18; 42:18; 44:8,12. Ezek. 5:14,15; 22:4. Remember that this is Daniel's prayer for our generation, following a vision in the eighth chapter, of what each of us will experience, and think is common in our everyday life. This prayer is for Jerusalem, and thy people; and it is even more evident today than ever before. The entire Book of Revelation is coming alive, and the sin and wickedness is gaining footholds, and taking over in every area of thought of our minds.
As we see the defying and mocking of God's word, and of Jesus Christ, if it doesn't get you upset, you are treading in dangerous water, spiritually. The time of the Antichrist and his world wide deception coming upon us, is getting shorter, and there is simply not time to play church anymore, and gamble with your eternal soul.)
17 Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of Thy servant, and his supplications, and cause Thy face to shine
upon Thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake.
(See Ezek. 16)
18 O my God, incline Thine ear, and hear; open Thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by Thy name:
(Jerusalem = city of peace. Jeru - warms you as the dove would sing.)
for we do not present our supplications before Thee for our righteousnesses, but for Thy great mercies.
(Others were praying with Daniel. Appeal to God's mercies.)
19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for Thine own sake, O my God: for Thy city and Thy people are called by Thy name."
(Called Christians today.)
20 And whiles I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel,
(This is important, pray for all.)
and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God;
21 Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel,
(See 8:16. This prophecy is not given by a "prophet", but by an angel to a prophet. It is therefore a most transcendent prophecy.)
whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.
(Compare similar important occasions: David [2 Sam. 24:15]; Elijah [1 Kings 18:29]; Ezra [Ezra 9:5]. Gabriel announcing evening of the ages, the 7th Trump.)
22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, "O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding.
(Note the special emphasis as to the admonition for ourselves. It is not a vision that requires interpretation, but a direct prophecy given in simple words by the Angel Gabriel, sent by God for the express purpose of making everything clear, and solving the most weighty problems that perplex the human mind. All that is required of us is to understand, consider, and believe what is thus written for our learning.)
23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved:
(God instantly sent answers.)
-23-27. THE PROPHECY.
-23. Admonition. "Understand", "Consider".
24. The seventy sevens. In whole.
25-. Admonitions. "Know", "Understand".
-25-27. The seventy sevens. In their parts.
therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
(Don't read over this.)
24. THE SEVENTY SEVENS. IN WHOLE.
To finish the transgression,
And to make an end of sin.
And to make reconciliation for iniquity,
And to bring in everlasting righteousness,
And to seal up the vision and prophecy,
And to anoint the Most Holy.
THE "SEVENTY WEEKS" OF DAN. 9:24-27. Chart of the "seventy sevens" For the meaning of this passage, reference must be made to the notes, and especially to the Structures, which are always the best commentary and the surest guide to interpretation.
We may set out the three divisions of the whole period on the diagram (not exact to scale) :--
I. THE FIRST PERIOD is simple, being the "seven sevens", or 49 years.
II. THE SECOND PERIOD. The "threescore and two sevens", or 434 years, from 405 B.C. to A.D. 29 = the year of the "cutting off" of Messiah (see Ap. 50m pp, 60, 61). This was 483 years from the issuing of the decree in 454 B.C. (i.e. 49 + 434 = 483 years)
. The "cutting off" of Messiah is stated as being "after" the "threescore and two weeks". The word "after", here, evidently means, and is intended to be understood as indicating, the completion of the period named; i.e. on the expiration of the sixty-two sevens will "Messiah be cut off". Beyond this exactness it is hardly necessary for us to go.
III. THE THIRD PERIOD. This is the one seven, i.e. the seventieth (or "last"), seven which has still to be accounted for.
That it must be yet future seems certain, from the agreement of its events with those of the visions of chapters 7-12 (Ap. 89), and the numbered "days" of chs. 8:14 and 12:7, 11, 12 (Ap. 90); also from the fact that none of the six definite events (of 9:24), which mark its end has as yet taken place (*1). These belong to the whole seventy sevens, and are thus connected with the seventieth or last seven, being the object and end of the whole prophecy. The following three, among other reasons, may be added :--
1. If the seventieth, or "one seven", is to be reckoned from the cutting off of Messiah in direct, continuous, and historic sequence, then it leads us nowhere -- certainly not to any of the six events of v. 24, which are all categorically stated to relate to Daniel's People, "all Israel" (v. 7), and to the holy City "Jerusalem".
No interpretation which transfers these six events to Gentiles or to Gentile times, is admissible.
If they are continuous, then there is no point or crisis in the Acts of the Apostles which marks their end. If they coincided with any events of importance, such as the end of Peter's ministry or the beginning of that of Paul, or Acts 12 and 13, that would be something. But there is nothing.
2. Messiah was to "have nothing" that was His, "after" His cutting off. This clearly points to the crucifixion of Messiah, and the rejection of His Messianic kingdom. For nearly 2,000 years Messiah has "had nothing" of all the many "glorious things" which have been spoken of Him, in connection with Himself or with His People Israel.
3. This last, or "one seven" of years, is divided into two distinct equal parts (see Ap. 90), and the division takes place in connection with an event which has no connection whatever with any event which has yet taken place. Messiah did not "make a (not the) covenant" of any kind, either with Israel or with any one else, at the end of, or "after" the sixty-ninth week; nor did He "break" any covenant three and a half years later. Man may "make" and "break" covenants, but Divine Covenants are never broken.
On the other hand : of "the prince that shall come" it is distinctly stated that he shall do both these very things (vv. 26, 27);
Hence, we are forced to the conclusion that this last seven of years still awaits its fulfilment; and this fulfilment must be as literal and complete as that of all the other parts of this vision and prophecy; for the end must be the glorious consummation for Israel of v. 24, the complete destruction of "the coming prince" (the false Messiah or Antichrist), and the setting up of the Messiah's kingdom.
Nothing less will satisfy all the requirements of Daniel's vision of "the seventy weeks".
The Hebrew word rendered "week" is shabua', and means, simply, a "septad", a "hebdomad", or a seven, hence a week, because it is a seven (of days). But in this passage it is confessedly used of a seven of years; and this of necessity, for no other seven of any other portion of time will satisfy the prophecy and fall within its terminus a quo, and the terminus ad quem.
Seventy of these sevens of years (or 490 years) are the one subject of this prophecy. We are told exactly when they would commence, and how they were to end. They sum up, within their bounds, all the then counsels of God as to His future dealings with His People Israel; for they are "determined" (the angel said to Daniel) "upon thy People, and upon they Holy City" (v. 24). These words cannot have any other interpretation than "all Israel" (v. 7), and Jerusalem, and the Holy Sanctuary; for that had been the subject of Daniel's prayer, to which this prophecy was sent as the specific answer. (See vv. 2, 7, 16, 17, 18, 19, and especially v. 24.)
These "seventy sevens [of years]" are divided into three distinct and separate periods :--
I. The seven sevens, or 49 years.
II. The sixty-two sevens, or 434 years.
(I. and II. = 483 years.)
III. The one seven, or 7 years.
(I., II., and III. = 490 years)
The terminus a quo of the whole period is the issuing of a decree "to restore and to build (or rather, rebuild) Jerusalem."
The terminus ad quem of the whole period is the cleansing of the Sanctuary. This is also the end of all the visions of Daniel in chaps. 7-12; and all the numbered "days" of 7:25; 8:14; and 12:7, 11, 12, have this cleansing as their object and end.
As to the whole period, Daniel is bidden by the angelic Hierophant to "understand ... and consider" (v. 23); while, as to its three separate divisions, Daniel is to "know therefore and understand" (v. 25).
THE FIRST PERIOD. The seven sevens (or 49 years). These commence with "the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem".
This was in the first month, Nisan, 454 B.C. (see Ap. 50, pp. 60, 67, and 70). Hanani's report to Nehemiah was made in the ninth month Chisleu, in 455 B.C., three months before; both months being in the "twentieth year of Artaxerxes". See notes on Neh. 1:1 and 2:1;
The ARTAXERXES (or Great King) of Neh. 1:1; 2:1, who issues this decree, is identified with the great king ASTYAGES.
ASTYGES was brother-in-law to Nebuchadnezzar. The madness of the latter had at this time lasted for seven years. ASTYGES had evidently in imperial matters been acting for his brother-in-law. This seems to be clear from the fact that the decree was issued in Shushan, and not Babylon; and no one, however great a potentate he might be, would have dared to issue such a decree, connected with the affairs of the suzerainty of Babylon, unless he possessed the authority to do so.
Therefore it may be put thus : In Nisan, 454 B.C., ASTYAGES (i.e. Artaxerxes = the Great King) issued the decree spoken of in Dan. 9:25. Later, in the same year, Nebuchadnezzar's "madness" was lifted off him. "At the end of the days" his understanding and reason returned to him, it seems, as suddenly as they had left him; and he thereupon issued his imperial proclamation throughout his dominions, as recorded in Dan. 4:34-37. See the note there on v. 34.
The seven sevens therefore, meaning seven sevens of literal years, occupied 49 years (454 B.C. to 405 B.C. = 49 years). They began in 454 B.C. with the decree, and end with the completion of the walls and the dedication of the Temple in 405 B.C. See Ezra 6:10, 15-19. It must be remembered that the issuing of this decree took place long before Ezra appeared on the scene; and before any of the subsequent decrees of other monarchs, which all had to do with the Temple; whereas the first, issued to Nehemiah (2:1), had to do only with the "City" and its "walls". See the notes on Ezra-Nehemiah, (*3)
THE SECOND PERIOD. The sixty-two sevens (or 434 years). These follow on directly from the end of the seven sevens of the First Period, and close with the cutting off of the Messiah.
THE THIRD PERIOD. The last, or the seventieth seven. This period is yet future, and awaits the same literal fulfilment as the other two periods.
(*1) Archbishop Ussher's Chronology was first added to the A.V. by Bishop Lloyd in the edition of 1701. But, in Neh. 2:1, Bishop Lloyd put his own date "445 B.C.", to suit his own theory. Archbishop Ussher's date for the commencement of the reign of Artaxerxes was A.M. 3531, which, in his Collatio Annorum, corresponds to 474 B.C. "The twentieth year of Artaxerxes" would, therefore, be 454 B.C., as given above.
(*2) The era called "Anno Domini" was first fixed by a monk (Denys le Petit, commonly know by his Latin name, Dionysius Exiguus), about A.D. 532. It did not come into general use for some centuries. Charles III of Germany was the first who used the expression, "in the year of our Lord", in 879. It was found afterward that a mistake had been made by fixing the era four years too late! this explains the marginal notes in Matt. 2:1 and Luke 2:20, "The fourth year before the Common Account called Anno Domini." (In some editions of the A.V. we have seen "the fifth year", Luke 2:1, also "the sixth year", Luke 1:6.) Hence, the year called A.D. 33 was really the year A.D. 29. This, with 454, makes exactly 483 years, or 69 weeks of years.
(*3) N.B. There was a further division of this first period of seven sevens which may be mentioned. From the decree of Neh. 2:1 to the end of the Babylonian servitude (see notes on p. 615), which was the "first year of DARIUS" ( = CYRUS, see Ap. 57) the son of ASTYAGES, was 28 years (454 - 426 = 28); and those events closed the fourth of the seven sevens.
Taken from Appendix 91 of the Companion Bible.
The Companion Bible
therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
24 Seventy weeks
(70 sevens: i.e. of years. If "days" had been intended, it would be so expressed, as in 10:3 [Cp. Lev. 25:8]. Moreover, "years" had been the subject of Daniels prayer [v.2]. The last "seven" is "one", and its divided in half in v.27, and the half is 3 1/2 years [7:25; cp. 8:11-14; 11:33]. In Rev. 11:2 this half is expressed by "42 months"; and in the next verse as "1260" days". the whole period is therefore 490 years)
(I.e. divided off from all other years.)
upon thy people
(I.e. Daniel's people, Israel, with which alone the prophecy is concerned.)
and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression,
(2300 day transgression.)
and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy,
(Make an end of by fulfilling all that has been the subject of the prophecy.)
and to anoint the most Holy.
(This answers to the cleansing of the sanctuary [8:14] which immediately precedes "the end". Watch these in the future, this hasn't come to pass yet.)
25 Know therefore and understand,
-25-27. THE SEVENTY SEVENS. IN THEIR PART.
-25-. The City. Restoration.
-25-. Messiah. Coming.
-25. Time. "Unto" seven sevens and sixty-two sevens.
26- Time. "After" the sixty-two sevens.
-26-. Messiah. Cut off.
-26,27. The City. Destruction.
that from the going forth
(I.e. in the 20th year of Artaxrxes [= the great king: i.e. Astyages], 454 B.C. See Neh. 2:1)
of the commandment
(Referring to the Divine word rather than to a royal decree.)
to restore and to build Jerusalem
(Not the Temple [as in Ezra], but the city [as in Nehemiah], which was the subject of Daniel's prayer, and therefore the answer to it.)
unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks,
(= 49 years [454-405 B.C.)
and threescore and two weeks:
(= 434 years [405 B.C. - 29 A.D.: the 2 together 69 weeks = 483 years; leaving 7 years to make up the full 490 years of v.24):
(or open space by the gates or elsewhere)
the street shall be built again, and the wall,
(Heb. hārŭz= something cut in or dug out; and may well be used of what is narrow, and then that which is narrowed down to a deciding point, a decision or determination, as in 9:26; 11:36. Cp.Isa. 10:22. Job 14:5,&c.)
even in troublous times.
(I.e. in the times of Ezra and Nehemiah. This covers the 49 years. We know this, not from history profane or Divine, but from the statement here.)
26 And after threescore and two weeks
(= 434 years. The definite article marks this period, as the one just mentioned in v.24: i.e. after the 483 years. How long "after" is not stated; but it must surely be either immediately or very soon after the Messiah was thus presented and proclaimed in and to Jerusalem as the Prince. The decree was issued in the month of Nissan, the same month as the events in Matt. 21:1-26:61. Cp. Zech. 9:9. Luke 19:41-44 ["this your day"])
-26,27. THE CITY DESTROYED.
-26-. The coming Prince. (The Desolator.)
-26. The Desolation decreed. The end of the Desolation.
27-. His Covenant made.
-27-. The Time. One seven (= 7 years).
-27-. The Time. The middle of the seven (=3 1/2 years [2 1/2 months]).
-27-. His Covenant broken [cp. 11:30,31].
-27-. The coming Prince. (The Desolator.)
The Desolation decreed. The end of the Desolator.
shall Messiah be cut off,
(I.e. in death.)
but not for Himself:
(I.e. He shall be rejected and crucified, and shall not then enter on the kingdom for which He came. It will be rejected, and therefore become in abeyance. See John 1:11. Cp. Isaiah.)
and the people
(I.e. the Roman people. Cp. Luke 19:41-44; 21:20)
of the prince that shall come
(This is "the little horn" antichrist, Satan.)
shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;
(See Matt. 21:41; 22:7. This also was "after 62 weeks", but not within the last 7; which are confined to the doings of "the princes people, the people that is coming" ["the little horn"] after the doings of "the people" in the destruction of the city, which ends v.26. What "the little horn" will do is stated in the words which follow. Antiochus never did this. He defiled it, but left it uninjured.)
and the end thereof
(I.e. the end of the desolator looking on to the end of the last 7 years.)
shall be with a flood,
and unto the end of the war
(I.e. the end of the last 7 years.)
(Cp. Matt. 23:28)
(Its a long war.)
27 And He shall confirm the covenant with many
(i.e. the little horn, antichrist, Satan, will do this at the beginning of the last 7 years.)
for one week:
(This is the last 7 years which completes the 70 of v.24. This 70 week however, has been shortened to 5 months. See Rev 9:5; the time when action commences in connection with Daniels "city" and "People" [i.e Jerusalem and Israel]. These have been in abeyance since v.26. For the present interval, vv. 26,27, see Luke 4:18-20; 21:24. This fills the fist half of the "week" [see Rev. 11:3-11])
and in the midst of the week
(I.e. at the end of the 1st 3 1/2 years, which has been shortened to 2 1/2 months, see above.)
he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,
(This is the action of "the little horn". This belongs to the time of the end, and will be accomplished by the setting up of the abomination mentioned below and by our Lord in Matt. 24:15.)
and for the overspreading of abominations
(Antichrist brings in the abomination. Yahaveh's name for an idol, as being what He detests. Cp. 2 King 23:13. Isa. 44:19,&c. Dan. 12:11 is conclusive.)
he shall make it desolate,
(This is certainly future. See Matt. 24:15. Mark 13:14-23. Our Lord tells us where it will stand "in the holy place": i.e. in the Temple at Jerusalem: and we have the same admonition to "understand".)
even until the consummation,
(See Isa. 10:22,23)
and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."
(In the translation, "the desolate", it is a person, and should be translated "desolator". That desolator is the Antichrist. and is Satan himself. It is not a king in Europe, or the middle east, for Satan is the "star" that fell to the earth in Revelation 9:1, and he will be given the key, or the authority to the bottomless pit.
When the seventh trump sounds, the seventy weeks of years are over, and you will face the Lord Jesus Christ, either as a happy bride [the church], or in shame for chasing after the Antichrist.)