s A 1-6. Call to hear: and the reason. The publishing of Yahaveh's name: His perfect work and righteous ways. B 7-14. The goodness and bounty of Yahaveh to Israel. (Period of the Pentateuch). C 15-19. Israel's evil return for that goodness. Their pride: forsaking of God; despising the
Rock of their Salvation; moving Him to anger. (Period, past history.The Historical books). D 20. Divine reflection on the period while Israel is "Lo Ammi" (not my people). Period of
Minor Prophets, especially Hosea). E 21. Yahaveh's provocation of Israel. (Period of Acts and present Dispensation). E 22-25. Yahaveh's threatening of judgment on Israel in the great tribulation. D 26-33. Divine reflections on the period while Israel is scattered. C 34-38. Israel's evil return for Yehovah's goodness. Their helpless condition moving Him to pity.
He has not forsaken them. Their rock useless (Period of present history). B 39-42. The judgment of Yehovah. (The period of the Apocalypse). A 43. Call to rejoice: and the reason. The publishing of Yahaveh's Kingdom. Vengeance on Israel's
enemies. Mercies for His "Land" and for His "People". (fulfillment of all prophecy).
7: Remember the days of old (look at your history. Cp. Ps.77:5), consider the years of many generations: ask your father, and he will shew you; your elders (prophets, scholars), and they will tell you.
8: When the Most High (= Elyon) divided to the nations their inheritance (As an inheritance. Cp. v.9. Heb. nahal = to posses. Not Heb. palag [Gen.10:25], which = to cleave by disruption, or parur [Gen.10:5,32], which = to divide by breaking off), when He separated the sons of Adam, He set the bounds of the Peoples according to the number of the sons of Israel.
9: For the Lord's portion is His People; Jacob is the line of His inheritance (All natural seed of Israel plus those adopted. The line because the inheritance was allotted by a cord or line. Cp. 1 Chron.16:18. Ps.16:6; 19:4. Mic.2:5 ).
10: He found him (i.e. Jacob) in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilderness; He led him about, He instructed him, He kept him as the apple of His eye (First occ. of Heb. babah, used of the small round dark pupil of the eye. Heb. = hole, gate or door of the eye. Cp.Ps.17:8. See Zech.2:8. Called "pupil" from Latin pupilla = a little girl).
11: As an eagle flutters (same word as Gen.1:2) her nest (put for the young in it), flutters over her young, spreads abroad her wings (in which lies the feathers), takes them, bears them on her wings (in which lies the strength. The eagle encourages them to fly and catches them when they fall):
12: So the Lord alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him (no false Christ).
13: He made him ride on the high places of the earth, and he did eat the increase of the fruit from land; and He made him to suck honey out of the rock (a rock, as a fortress, unmovable), and oil (honey and oil put for all delicious things) out of the flinty rock (Heb. zûr = rock in situ, sharp and precipitous. Hence a refuge and security);
14: Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan (Confirming the promise of v.13 as to high or mountainous places), and goats, with the fat of kidneys (= white of the kernels) of wheat; and you did drink the unmixed blood of the grape (no contamination).
15: But Jeshurun waxed fat (= the Upright One. First occ. Fig. Metonymy, put for the ideal Israel. Cp. 33:5,26. Isa.44:2, as chosen by God. Also used in irony for Israel when he had it too good), and kicked (=trampled under foot, hence to condemn. Heb. bâ'at. First occ.): you are waxen fat, you are grown thick, you are covered with fatness; then he forsook GOD (Eloah, The God in respect to worship. First occ.) Which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
16: They provoked Him to jealousy (Cp. Ps.78:58) with foreign gods, with abominations provoked they Him to anger (Strange teachings and traditions of men).
17: They sacrificed to devils (= demons, Heb. shêd. First occ. Cp. Ps.106:37. 1 Cor.10:20), not to GOD; to gods whom they knew not (eg. "Easter", they didn't exist), to new gods that came recently up (=recent, lately. Heb. karab, as in Judg.5:8), whom your fathers feared not (= trembled at. Heb. sa'ar. Not gar,reverence).
18: Of the Rock that begat you you are unmindful, and have forgotten GOD that formed you.
19: And when the Lord saw it, He abhorred them (Cp. Ps.106:40), because of the provoking of His sons (the provocation produced by the conduct of His People), and of His daughters.
20: And He said, I will hide My face from them (see 31:17), I will see what their end shall be: for they are a very perverse generation (Heb. haphakpak. First occ), children in whom is no faith (stubborn, denies that He exists).
21: They have moved Me to jealousy with that which is not god; they have provoked (see Rom.10:19) Me to anger with their vanities (= emptyness): and I will move them to jealousy with those which are no People (Arabia, see Amos 6:14. Cp. Ro.10:19; 11:11); I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.
22: For a fire is kindled in Mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell (sh'eôl), and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire (Heb. lahat. First occ.) the foundations of the mountains (bad elements only. See 2 Pet.3:10).
23: I will heap mischief's upon them; I will spend Mine arrows upon them (troubles and accidents, named in v.24).
24: They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat (diseases. Heb. repheph. Fist occ.), and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust (Heb. zåhal = to crawl or creep. First occ.).
25: The sword outside (= God's Word), and terror from the inner chambers, shall destroy (= bereave) both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs (no one, i.e. all peoples, all ages can escape Him).
26: I said, I would scatter them into corners (= disperse them, scatter them as the wind. Them = Jacob, the natural seed. The verb pa'ah occurs only here. The Servus Codex divides the one word 'aph'eyhem [disperse the] into the three words aph eh, hem, = "I said in anger, Where are they?"), I would make the remembrance of them to cease from among mortals (God allows the enemy to come for correction):
27: Were it not that I feared the wrath of the enemy, lest their adversaries should behave themselves strangely (= mistake it. The Heb. nâkar, a Homonym with 3 meanings: #1. to mistake, here; #2. to acknowledge, Job 34:19;#3. to deliver, 1 Sam.23:7. Both A.V. and R.V. miss the first [R.V.= misdeem], admit the second and third [although the R.V. margin suggests "alienated" for "delivered"), and lest they should say, 'Our hand is high, and the Lord (=blueNote the 5 Divine titles in this song. #5 = grace) has not done all this.'
28: For they are a nation void of council (= deliberation), neither is there any understanding in them (No God no counsel).
29: O that they were wise (cp. Ps.81:13,14), that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end! ("If the would have listened to Me" [God])
30: How should one chase a thousand (Cp. Lev.26:8. Josh.23:10. 2 Chron.24:24. Isa.30:17), and two put ten thousand to flight (fearless in His service), except their Rock had sold them, and Yehovah had shut them up?
31: For their rock (= Tyrus = Satan.) is not as our Rock (= Christ. Cp. 1 Sam.2:2 and v.4), even our enemies themselves being judges.
32: For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah (perversions): their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter:
33: Their wine is the poison of dragons (i.e. the Red Dragon, Satan), and the cruel venom of asps (i.e. The Sepent, Satan).
34: Is not this laid up in store with Me, and sealed up among My treasures?
35: To Me belongs vengeance, and recompense; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste. (2nd half of Isaiah that Christ left off in the synagogue)
36: For the Lord shall vindicate his people (Cp. Lev.26:25. Judg.2:18. Ps.7:8; 135:14. Jer.51:6), and repent Himself for His servants, when He sees that their power is gone, and there is none shut up, or left (Heb. 'âzab, is a Homonym, with two meanings: #1. to leave, or forsake [Gen.2:24; 339:6. Neh.5:10. Ps.49:10. Mal.4:1]; #2. to help, restore, strengthen, shut in, or fortify, as in [Ex.23:5. 1 Kings 14:10. 2 Kings 14:26. Neh.3:8. Jer.49:25]. See the notes on these passages. Hence, here, = defended and protected. Note the perplexity manifested in the margins of the A.V. and R.V.).
37: And He shall say, 'Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted (Heb. hâsâh = to flee for refuge to, to take shelter in. He [Satan] is in the abyss, the pit),
38: Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and let them be your protection.
39: See now that I, even I, am He (cp. Isa.44:8), and there is no god with Me: I kill (cp. 1 Sam.2:6. 2 Kings 5:7), and I make alive; I wound (cp. Job 5:18. Hos.6:1), and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of My hand.
40: For I lift up My hand to heaven (= I swear. The lifting of the hand put by the Fig. Metonymy, for the thing signified by it), and say, I live for ever.
41: If I whet My glittering sword (cp. Rev.19:15), and My hand take hold on justice (or retribution. Cp. Isa.1:24); I will render vengeance to My enemies, and will reward them that hate Me (just dessert).
42: I will make My arrows drunk with blood (= devour), and My sword shall devour flesh; and that with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning (= from the flesh of the chief leader) of revenges upon the enemy. (Just before change into spiritual bodies His Word will slay)
43: Rejoice, O all you nations, with His people (cp. Ps.67:1-7): for He will avenge the blood of His servants, and will render vengeance to His adversaries, and will be merciful (= be propitious, cp. Joel 2:18. Rom.15:9) to His land, and to His people" (the 2 great subjects of the song and of the O.T. This ends Moses' 8th address).